Kitaab at-Tawheed class 4
Chapter One (al-Baabul-Awwal) The Virtue/Merit of Tawheed and the sins it removes
The Intro was about the obligation of tawheed and proves that tawheed is waajib. When he had clarified tawheed it was appropriate to mention its merits and the reward that one gets from tawheed in the dunyaa and the akhirah – why? Becuase if the reward is mentioned, it will encourage one to stick to it and act on it.
What is the relevance of this chapter to the book of tawheed?
When he mentioned at first the obligation of tawheed it was most appropriate for the author to mention the reward after because that only calls one more to adhering to and acting upon it.
VERSE 6:82 – “It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with Zulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping other besides Allah), for them (only) there is security and they are guided ones.”
Relevance of this aayah to the chapter: the first merit of the merits of tawheed which is security and guidance in dunyaa and herafter.
His saying “Those who believe” means the ones who worship Him Alone
“yalbis” is to mix something with something else – they did not mix their tawheed -monotheism with shirk – polytheism
“dhulm” is the shirk
The reward/merit mentioned is security and guidance in both the dunyaa and akhirah. We can understand that one can be guided in the dunyaa but how can one be guided in the Hereafter? The answer is in 47/4-5 …But those who are killed in the way of Allaah, He will never let their deeds be lost. He will guide them and set right their state – They are dead so what is this guidance? The guidance is on the Siraat which is thinner than the hair. That siraat in the akhiraah is a reflection of this siraat in this life. The more you stick to the siraat mustaqeem in this dunyaa it will be easier for you to pass the siraat in the akhirah. As a reward for this – just as you were good and adhering to the siraat in this life you will have it good in the akhirah. Do not pay attention to the criticizers and blamers as long as you are on the straight path.Those who laugh and mock in this life will have a very hard time on that bridge in the Aakhirah. They will lose themselves in the Akhirah as in the end of surah Mutaffifeen 83/29 – verily those criminals used to laugh at those who believe…the more you adhere to siraat mustaqeem in this life the easier you will pass on that bridge thinner than a hair and sharper than the edge of knife.
HADEETH: Narrated Ubadah bin As-Samit (May Allah be pleased with him), that Allah’s Messenger (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever testifies that there is nothing worthy of worship in truth (no God) except Allah Alone, Who is without (peer or) partner, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, and that ‘Iesa (Jesus) is the slave of Allah, His Messenger, and His Word which He bestowed in Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (created) from Him, and that Paradise & Hell-fire are realities, Allah will admit him into Paradise, whatever his deeds might be.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 3252)
Relevance of the hadeeth to the chapter – the end reward for the monotheistic believer is Paradise no matter what sins he has committed besides shirk…
Entering Paradise is two kinds:
be put in hell to be cleansed from major sins that he did not abandon and then will enter paradise.
HADEETH: ‘Itban (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) said: “Indeed Allah has forbidden for Hell the person who testifies: ‘There is nothing worthy of worship in truth (no true God) but Allah’, seeking thereby nothing but Allah’s Face (pleasure).” (Al-Bukhari, Muslim).
Relevance – this hadeeth includes that Allah forbids for hell the monotheistic believer
It may be asked – But how is that so if they will be put in the fire? The answer is from two aspects:
Either what is meant is the monotheistic believer who has perfected his tawheed -> at least doing all obligations (to best of his ability) and avoiding all prohibitions. Achieving tawheed has three levels and Allaah mentioned them in the Qur’aan in Surah Faatir 35/ 32 … This will be explained in detail in the second chapter In Shaa’Allaah.
OR this fire (hell) that is mentioned is the kind that is for the disbelievers –> it is the eternal fire – a different duration.
We have taken a major principle that says that the unclear statements of the Rasool sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam – are understand under the light of the completely clear evidence.
HADEETH: Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) said: “Musa (Moses) (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) said: ‘O my Rabb, teach me something through which I can remember You and supplicate to You.’ Allah answered: ‘Say, O Musa, La ilaha ilIa-Allah’. Musa said: ‘O my Rabb, all your slaves say these words’. Allah said: ‘O Musa, if the seven heavens and all they contain other than Me (Ghairy) and the seven earths as well, were all put in one side of a scale and La ilaha ilIa-Allah put in the other the latter would overweigh them.'” [This Hadith has been reported by Ibn Hibban, and Al-Hakim declared it Sahih].
Relevance to the chapter: The Tawheed is a great heavy reward that it outweighs the whole heavens and earth and all that they contain.
if the seven heavens and all they contain other than Me– this proves He is above. “Ghairiy” is the exception from what is in the heavens.
HADEETH: At-Tirmidhi reports from Anas (May Allah be pleased with him): He heard Allah’s Messenger (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) saying: “Allah the Most Exalted said: ‘O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with the world full of sins, and meet Me without making anything partner to Me (Shirk), I would come to you with a similar amount of forgiveness.’ ”
RELEVANCE to the Chapter: Allaah forgives anything besides Shirk
1 – The abundance of Allaah’s favor –evidenced in the last hadeeth
2 – The abundant reward of Tauhid towards Allah. – evidences in the Hadeeth before the last hadeeth
3 – Besides earning rewards, Tauhid recompenses sins. – evidenced in the last hadeeth
4 – Explanation of the verse 82 in Surat Al-An’am. –
END OF CLASS FOUR