بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our Teacher began with praising Allaah Ta’Aalaa and the salaat and salaam on The Messenger of Allaah, Muhammad (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) and on his house of kin and companions and all those who follow them exactly until the Last Day.
- I seek refuge: أَعُوذُ – you can say أَنَا أعُوذُ – أَعُوذُ أَنا , but if you just say ‘ أَعُوذُ ’ that will be enough
- I say: أَقُولُ
- جَالَ : He wandered around / toured around – أَجُولُ : I wander/tour around
- You seek refuge: تَعُوذُ – it is used for أنتَ
- He seeks refuge: يَعُوذُ
- She seeks refuge: تَعُوذُ– it is used for هِي
- He says: يَقُولُ
- She says: تَقُولُ
- You say: تَقُولُ
فَإِن جَعَلتَ الخِطَابَ لِلمَرأةِ قُلتَ أنتِ تَعُوذِينَ يَا امرَأةُ
Then if you made the speech for the female you say ‘anti ta’oodheena yam ra’atu’
- جَعَلتَ means: you made
Q: How many original letters are there in the word تَعُوذِين, and what are they?
A: Three , the ‘ayn, waaw and dhaal
Q: How many extra letters does it have, and what are they?
A: Three, the taa, yaa and noon
Q: What is the ‘taa’ in تَعُوذِينَ ?
A: It is the sign of the Mudaari’
فَاليَاءُ عَلاَمَةُ التَّأنِيثِ, والنُّونُ عَلاَمَةُ الرَّفعِ
The yaa is a feminine sign, and the noon is a sign of Raf’
- The ‘yaa’ is a feminine sign because when you say ‘أنتِ’ and you use any mudaari’ for it, you will use this ‘yaa’- as for example if you say:
You (f) seek refuge تَعُوذِينَ . So if you say: You (m) seek refuge تَعُوذُ and you want to change into female you add the ‘yaa’ تَعُوذِي
Raf’ is one of the kinds of I’raab, and the original sign of it is the dhammah. Besides the Dhammah there are three other signs that are Substitutes in Raf’, which are:
1) The Waaw
2) The Alif
3) The Noon
- In general there are four signs of Raf’ one original (the dhammah) and three substitutes (waaw, alif and noon)
Where to find the Dhammah: (we just got two for now)
1) The singular noun الاِسمُ المُفرَد (Alismul mufrad)
2) The Mudaari’ without anything added to its end*
- The only thing that can be called singular, dual or plural is the Ism (noun) only. There is a difference between a word being (singular, dual or plural) and between a word having something that makes it point out to one of those three.
- *Meaning that the last original letter of the word has nothing added to its end, as for example: تَعُوذِينَ – the last original letter is the ‘dhaal’ and that what is added to its end are two letters the ‘yaa’ and the ‘noon’. So this is a Mudaari’ with an adding at the end and it doesn’t apply here, that’s why it didn’t get a dhammah. But as for تَعُوذُ , the last original letter is the ‘dhaal’ and it has nothing added to its end, that’s why it does apply here and it gets a dhammah.
- Examples of a singular noun: الشَّمسُ (the sun) – الحَمدُ (the praise)- المُلكُ
- Anything that has a sign of Raf’ is called Marfoo’ مَرفُوع
From some of the Questions >>>
- Linguistic meaning of Raf’ : Lifting
- To know if the alif of a three letter verb is originally a ‘waaw’ or a ‘yaa’ is by taking it back to its Masdar.
~~~ End of Dars ~~~
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله
CLASS 7 is posted HERE