Kitaab at-Taariqiyyah Class 18
Our teacher praised Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa and salaat and salaams on Prophet Muhammad, his family, noble companions and all who follow them in goodness to the Last Day then began:
HOMEWORK REVIEW >>>
The assignment was to look in the juz’ `amma and extract five verbs bring them on the maadhee, the mudhaari`, the masdar, the ismul faa`il and the ismul maf`uul. Some results were:
- خلق يخلق خلقا فهو خالق و مخلوق
- nasara, yansuru, nasran, fa huwa naasirun, wa mansurun
- Jama’a yajma’u jam’an fa huwa jaami’un wa majmoo’un
- نشر ينشر نشرا فهو ناشر و منشور
- ba’atha yab’uthu ba’than fahuwa baa’ithun wa mab’uuthun (to send)
- hasada yahsudu hasadan fahuwa haasidun wa mahsoodun
- kazaba yakzibu kaziban wa huwa kaazibun wa makzoob surah al lail
- Naqa`a yanqa`u naq`an fahuwa naaq`in wa manqoo` al adhiyaat
- sadaqa yasduqu sidqan fahuwa sadeqan wa masduuqun – sura lail
- hadhara .yah dhuru ,hadhrun,wa huwa hadhirun,wa mahdhurun,surah takwir
- razaka,yarzuku, rizkan,fahuwa raaziku, wa rizqooun (provided)
- Raka’a , yarka’u, rukoo’an, fa huwa raaki’un wa markoo’un beginning of surah al-baqarah
- Hafidha yahfadhu hifdhun fahuwa haafidhun wa mahfuudhun
- Nathara yanthuru natharan fahuwa naadhirun wa mandhoorun
*** teacher told us that it is not necessary that all these verbs that we posted have maf`ool form but do not let that trouble us because we are just practicing And how we are doing it as even as the way the ancient scholars did it for their students. At the end of their sarf books they had a chapter called Baabut tamreen (exercising) and they asked them to bring words on forms even though they are not spoken. So we are following their way of practicing***
THE TEXT >>>
والأمرُ عُذْ للمُذَكَّرِ.Wa amrul uth lilmuthakkar
- And the command is `udh for the single male (You male)
1) Amr is a word indicating an action asked to be done in the future
2) Here we are only going to take the amr formed from the mutall with waaw in the middle since so far we have only taken a`uudhu
***EXTRA BENEFIT the mutall that has harf`illah in the middle is called AJWAF. It is called ajwaf because jawf means stomach and stomach is in the middle of the body so therefore jawf is hollow (as in having harfu `illah) in the middle***
3) Mu`tall is three kinds and the Harf illah in the middle is called ajwaf
4) Harf `illah could be in the beginning or middle or the end of the mu`tall.
*** Teacher reminded us that we are taking the principles step by step and building them up as we go along bringing new branches to be added to the pot so we should go back to our old notes and update this principle/point about Mu`tall (it is from CLASS 5)***
How to form the amr of the ajwaf? We will go step by step using the f`il mudhaari`يَعُوذ Ya`uudhu – he sought refuge:
SOME POINTS BEFORE WE BEGIN>>>
- The amr and the maadhee have binaa’. They are mabniyy – mabniyyun alalfath, mabniyyun alalkasr, mabniyyun alassukoon and mabniyyun aladhdhamm.
- The changing of forms go respectively so when we want to bring the mudhaari` we start with the maadhee and when we want to bring the amr we start with the mudhaari`.
- The amr which does not have a harf `illah at the end is mabniyyun alas-sukuun
1) Remove the harf of the mudhaari` – drop the yaa at beginning (now it is an amr) we get عُوذُ***
2) Silence the last letter (because the amr is mabniyy alassukoon as long as the last letter is not harf `illah) we get عُوذ
3) Drop the first waaw due to the meeting of two saakins (waaw and dhal) and the first one here is a harf illah preceded by harakah of its kind so we drop it. We get عُذ – the form of the amr when commanding the single male.
4) Other examples on this form: QUL SUM JUL BI` etc…
*** A BENIFICIAL POINT: Dhameer is pictured at the middle or in the end of a word – the muttasil dhameer –the one that is linked like in qataltumuunee (you (group) killed me).
- The Amr has only five forms – command to the male the female the two males or females the group of males and the group of females.
- The waaw is dropped as in above- when ordering the male and the other is when ordering the group of females – `udhna عُذْنَ – Just add a noon fafter following the same steps above. other examples: QULNA JULNA SUMNA BI`NA Etc… this is still mabniyy alassukoon but the noon at the end is not a part of the word – it is called noonu ‘inath (the feminine noon).