Our teacher began by praising Allaah `Azza wa Jall and sending the salawaat and salaam on the Rasool, his family, companions, and all who follow them in righteousness till the Yawmid- Deen. He reminded the students to have a pure intention and to ask Allaah to rid our hearts of every impurity for whoever frees himself from every purity and defect, Allaah will free him from every evil.
The author (Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Adul-Wahhaab) has made this book into two parts:
- The Introduction which contains some main issues regarding Monotheism
- The Main Subject which contains four principles which are meant to point out that what the people are doing in our time of directing their sacrifices, vows, and invokings to other than Allaah (i.e. to the dead) is of the same polytheism that existed in the time of the Prophet (salallaahu `alayhi wa sallam)
SUBJECT OF THE BOOK: The four principles for distinguishing what is monotheism and what opposed it (shirk-polytheism) It is not logical that you submit yourself to other than the One Who created you, provides you and disposes your affairs. All people believe that Allaah is the only Creator but they worship other than Him- They give what is due to only the Creator to OTHER than the Creator and this is the utmost oppression.
The author only depended on 3 things:
- The Qur’aan
- The Sunnah
- The Understanding of the Sahaba (and the scholars who clarified that)
بِسْــــــمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيـــــمِ
In the name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy
The Mu’allif (author) said: “Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem” In brief this means: “Seeking only Allaahs aid and Blessings by mentioning His Name in anything/everything that we do” This is the Sunnah of the Rasool and how he started all of his writings – just as in the letter that he sent to heraclius and just as the Qu’raan begins with this word.
أَسْأَلُ اللهَ الْكَرِيمَ
I ask Allah, the Most Generous,
رَبَّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ
The Lord of the Mighty/Tremendous Throne,
The word Rabb is a word that we use often – especially in the Faatihah which we read in every prayer (alhamdulillaah Rabbil-`Alameen)
Ar-Rabb literally means “The One Bringing Up” – this word is taken from At-Tarbiyyah which means “Bringing up”. Thats why the woman of the house is called: “Rabbatil-Bayt” ( the woman who handles the affairs of her home) And Raabud-daabah is the shepherd – When we refer it to Allaah then we only say: Ar-Rabb. (for other than Allaah it will have a descriptive after it.)
The bringing up from Allaah is of 2 kinds:
General – this is in the sense that it encompasses the believers and the disbelievers – all of mankind this creating providing and disposing their affairs:
He brought them to existence by creating them then He made for them their provision on this earth – (2/29) then He disposes all the affairs
Specific – this is only for the believers and this is guiding us to believing in Allaah Alone (eemaan) and completing this belief and moving away all obstacles between us and our belief.
أَنْ يَتَوَلاكَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ
(Ay-yatawalaaka fid-dunyaa wal-aakhirah)
To protect you in this world and the Hereafter
“Yatawalaak” means That He loves you and protects you and guides you and gives you victory – He takes you as a waliy. A waliy is the loved one who you help/support/guide/protect and take care of. So if you are asked: “What does Allaah yatawalaak mean?” You say: “It means Allaah takes me as a waliy.” And if you are asked: “What does waliy mean?” You say: “It means that He takes me as a loved one and takes special care of me.”
The author makes this du’aa for you the reader for your wordly life and hereafter. The guidance in the Hereafter is guidance on the siraat from the beginning until you enter the Jannah. The guidance in Hereafter is protecting you from all the fears that the people will witness in the Hereafter. It is according to how firm you are in the straight path in the dunyaa. The more firm you are on the siraat in the dunyaa – the more firm and fast you will be on the siraat (that which is thinner than a hair and sharper then blade as comes in the hadeeth) in the Aakhirah.
A BENEFIT: In the Quraan we are told not to take the Jews and Christians as Awliyyah – meaning dont take them as friends whom you love and support and protect and take care of… If one does not understand the original Arabic meaning of Walayya- they will not understand this aayah (5/51) and will fall into error. Allaah is our Wali – and our only awliyyaa are Allaah, His Messenger and the believers – we cannot take the disbelievers as awliyya when they are not the awliyyaa of Allaah.
The author is keen on following the Qur’aan even in his du’aa- for this du’aa is the same that was said by Yusuf Alayhis salaam (12/101): “My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and taught me the interpretation of dreams; The (only) Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Wali (Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian, etc.) in this world & in the Hereafter
وَأَنْ يَجْعَلَكَ مُبَارَكًا أَيْنَمَا كُنْتَ
(wa-ay-Yaja`alaka Mubaarakan Aynamaa kunta)
And to make you blessed wherever you are
Mubaarak is taken from “al-Barakah” and means “Plenty of Godly goodness” Mubaarak is the one that is blessed with plenty of goodness from Allaah.
EXTRA BENEFIT: Barakah is taken from “al-Birkah” Al-Birkah is the pond of water which has two characteristics: it is still and it is abundant/plenty. Barakah has the same characteristics as the birka.
The author wants good for the readers and makes du`aa for them. This du`aa also comes from the Qur’aan: (19/31) in the saying of ‘Eesaa alayhis salaam which means: “And He has made me blessed where-so-ever I be, and has enjoined on me Salât (prayer), & Zakât, as long as I live.”