The Four Fundamental Principles 4

 Saturday December  31, 2011

 Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

 Our teacher began by praising Allaah Ta’Aalaa and sending salawaat and salaams on His Messenger, Our Prophet Muhammad – Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and upon his kith and kin and companions and all who follow then in righteousness to the Last Day.

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In the past class we took the 3 parts of Tawheed:

  1. Tawheed Ar Rubuubiyyah
  2. Tawheed Al-Uluuhiyyah
  3. Tawheed Al-Asmaa’i was-Sifaat

The kuffaar believed in the Lordship of Allaah but they did not believe in His right to be worshipped alone.  It is not enough that a person believes in Allaah’s Lordship to be considered a Muslim, but he must believe in Allaahs Right to be worshipped Alone.  Otherwise, the disbelievers of the Quraysh believed in Allaah’s Lordship but that did not enter them into Islaam and they were not recognized as Muslims, neither by Allaah nor His Prophet –  sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam.   Allaah said what means in 12/106: “And most of them believe not in Allah except that they associate partners unto Him.”    this verse affirms  that there is belief in something (Lordship, as explained by the interpreters) and disbelief in something else (Right to be worshipped Alone)  Attributing Partners to Allaah is NOT a believing.  So the verse  proves a belief then negated it –  and as we know that the Word of Allaah does not contradict itself,  so this has to mean that the first belief is different from the second.  They (the mushriks) believed in the first type of belief which is belief in the Lordship of Allaah, but they disbelieved in the second type of worship –  His Right to be worshipped Alone.  When they were called to LA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH they would say: has he made all the gods into one god? This is a curious thing.  (38/5). 

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Belief in Oneness of Lorship (Ar Rubuubiyyah) in reference to Ar Raab –  This tawheed has to do with Allaah’s Actions

Belief in oneness of Worship  (Al-Uluuhiyyah)  – This tawheed has to do with our actions which we should direct only to Allaah

Belief in Oneness of Allaahs Names and Attributes is  Al-Asmaa wasSifaat – This tawheed is understood according to Allaah’s Glory,Might, and Infinite Perfection and not His creation.   Every attribute of the creatures is understood according to their weakness, imperfection, and limitness and not to Allaah The Most High  – to Allaah belongs the highest example.

Does Allaah have a Face?  YES.  The proof – 92/20 and 55/27.  Do we have faces? Yes. the proof is what we see.  IS the Face of Allaah anything like the faces of His creation?  NO -> the result: we have to believe in Allaah’s Oneness in His Face.   –  it is unlike that of His creation.

We only prove the Attributes which have been proven in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. –  What Allaah affirmed  for Himself in His Book or on the tongue of His Prophet –  Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

Does Allaah have a hearing?  YES.  The proof –  42/11 Do we have a hearing?  Yes.  The proof is that we are hearing now. Is Allaah’s Hearing anything like the hearing of His creation?  NO.  The result -> We have to believe in Allaahs Oneness in His Hearing. His hearing is unlike the hearing of His creation.

There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. 42:11

Does Allaah have eyesight?  YES. The proof – 42/11 Do we have eyesight? Yes.  Is Allaah’s Eyesight anything like the eyesight of His creation? NO The result -> We have to believe in Allaah’s Oneness in His Seeing.  *It is the unanimous agreement of the Sahaba and the Pious Predecessors, that Allaah has Eyes.*

There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. 42:11

We must understand the first half of this Verse (there is nothing like Him) in light of th the second half of the verse (He is the All Hearer All Seer)  and vice versa.  Why is this?  There are some who take the first saying of the verse and leave the second and there are some who take the second saying without the first. 

There are some who take the first half (there is nothing like Him) and disregard the second half , and from that they say: That means if we have eyesight, He doesn’t.  And If we have hearing, He doesn’t.  And if we have faces, He doesn’t …wa iyyaadhoo billaah

There are some who take the second half (And He is the All-Hearer All-Seer) and disregard the first half, and from that they said: If He (Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa) Hears and Sees and we hear and see then His hearing and seeing is like ours…wa iyyaadhoo billaah.  So they didn’t understand the second part of the verse in light of the first half (there is nothing like Him) – These misunderstandings are from their deviated scholars who instructed them to believe in such an ill belief.

So now we see how Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’Aalaa cut off all misunderstandings in the Qur’aan when He said (there is nothing like Him)  … He knew that such doubts will arise – that some might have this idea crossing their minds that this statement means He doesn’t hear or see –  so He Ta’Aalaa followed that phrase with ( And He is the All-Hearer All-Seer)  to cut off the ways of Iblees –  may Allaahs endless curses be upon him.

*This finishes the mentioning of the three parts of Tawheed*

عْلَمْ أَرْشَدَكَ اللَّهُ لِطَاعَتِهِ
I`lam Ar-sha-da-kallahu li-taa`a-ti-hi,
Know may Allah guide you to His obedience,   

أَنَّ الْحَنِيفِيَّةَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ
Annal-haneefiyyata, millata Ibraaheem:
that Haneefiyyah, the religion of Ibraaheem is:
 

أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللهَ، وَحْدَهُ مُخْلِصًا لَّهُ الدِّينَ
An ta`budallaha wah-da-hu mukh-li-sal la-hud-deen
That you worship Allah alone making the religion sincerely for Him

 

كَمَا قَالَ تَعَالَى
Kamaa qaala Ta`aalaa:
As He, The Most High, said:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
{And I (Allâh) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).} Adh Dhaariyaat (51):56 
 
The first issue that the introduction contained:  That Al-Haneefiyyah is the religion of Ibraheem –  it is worshipping Allaah Alone. 
 
What is the detailed meaning of Al-Haneefiyyah?  It comes from the root: Hanaf which means “tilting”.  Al- Haneef is “the one tilted”  Therefore Ibraheem was called Al-Haneef because he was tilted away from polytheism and to monotheism.  This religion was called Hanefiyyah because it is the religion which is tilted away from Shirk/polytheism.  In Saheeh Al Bukharee –  the Prophet Sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam said: Al Haneefiyyah is the simple religion. (ref. book of eemaan or book of knowledge) 
 
A doubt may arise:  How could it be called haneefiyyah (meaning tilted)  and Allaah called it a straight path?  The answer is simple:  It is straight in itself but to polytheism  – it is tilted away from it.  Its direction is away from polytheim.  Just as a pen is straight when you place it on a table then tilt it to the right –   did it bend? no it did not it is still straight in itself however it is moving in a different direction.

A doubt may Arise: Isn’t Haneefiyyah the religion of all prophets and messengers?  So why did Allaah tA’Aalaa refer this religion to Ibraheem only?  The answer is becuase Allaah made Ibraheem an Imaam and the finest example for those coming after him.  That is why Allaah said to His Prophet-sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam in 16/120-123:  Verily, Ibrâhim (Abraham) was an Ummah (a leader having all the good righteous qualities), or a nation, obedient to Allâh, Hanif (i.e. to worship none but Allâh), and he was not one of those who were Al-Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, and those who joined partners with Allâh). (120) (He was) thankful for His (Allâh’s) Favours. He (Allâh) chose him (as an intimate friend) and guided him to a Straight Path (Islâmic Monotheism, neither Judaism nor Christianity[]). (121) And We gave him good in this world, and in the Hereafter he shall be of the righteous. (122) Then, We have sent revelation to you (O Muhammad saying): “Follow the religion of Ibrâhim (Abraham) Hanif (Islâmic Monotheism[] – to worship none but Allâh) and he was not of the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers).

Allaah made him the finest example through many tests – he called to Allaah Alone in front of his people and his father … smashing the idols.  Allaah took out of his heart the love for anything else above Allaah.  He was devoted to Allaah even to the point that he was ready to sacrifice his own son for Allaah.  And this is the wisdom for Allaah referring haneefiyyah to Ibraheem – after Allaah tested Him, his devotion to Allaah became most apparent.
 

فَإِذَا عَرَفْتَ أَنَّ اللهَ خَلَقَكَ لِعِبَادَتِهِ
Fa-i-dhaa `a-raf-ta an-nallaha kha-la-qa-ka li-`i-baa-da-tih,
So when you acknowledge that Allah created you to worship Him

فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ الْعِبَادَةَ لا تُسَمَّى عِبَادَةً إِلاَّ مَعَ التَّوْحِيدِ
Fa`lam an-nal`ibaadata laa tusammaa `ibaadatan illa ma`at-tawheed
Then know that worship is not (considered) called worship except with Tawheed

 If you know why Allaah created you (to worship Him alone) –  then know that the worship –  the act of worship is not considered an act of worship unless it is built upon tawheed. The second issue which the introduction contained will come in the next class inshaa’Allaah. It is the conditions for accepting an act of worship –
 
Allaah Knows Best – If any reader finds mistake in these notes, kindly remind us in the comments.
 

END OF DARS

2 thoughts on “The Four Fundamental Principles 4

  1. Time Traveller January 14, 2012 at 7:05 am Reply

    As-Salamu A’lykum Ukhti,

    Jazakum Allahu khayran can you please provide the link for “The four fundamental Principles Class 5”. Notes for class 5 means after the notes 4.I can’t find by myself.

    Jazakum Allahu khayran.

    • sarf4sisters January 14, 2012 at 3:54 pm Reply

      walaykumus-salaam warahmatullaah
      Jazaakumullaah khayran – Class 5 of four principles has been categorized. Kindly check now.
      Barakalaahu feekum

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