The Four Fundamental Principles 8 (2)

Monday January 8, 2012


Alhamdulillaah Rabbil-`aalameen, all the praise is to Allaah, we praise Him, seek His Aid and ask His Forgiveness. May the peace and blessings be upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad – Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, his house of kin and companions and all who follow them exactly until the Day of Judgement.

This class is a revision of the previous private class with many additional proofs from Allaah’s Book.  The text of the Four Principles for these notes can be found HERE or the entire text can be accessed HERE


Ash-Shafaa’ is taken from Ash-Shaf` الشفع  (the even) which is adding something to  another, making it two after it was one.

This is the second excuse which the polytheists used to justify their falling into shirk.

The summary of the second principle is: using seeking nearness to Allaah and intercession as excuses when falling into shirk isn’t enough to enter one into Islaam and doesn’t stop one from being described as a mushrik. 

So if you came to such a one doing this shirk and you tell him he is making shirk he will say, “I am not associating partners with Allaah in His Lordship, and then he will say that we only turn to them to seek nearness and intercession. 

Allaah refuted their claim of seeking nearness in His Book.  He said it is a lie and that those who do it are disbeleivers.  Allaah refutes also thier excuse of intercession.  It was explained how Shaytaan used this to lead the children of Aadam astray.

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The author brought the proof from the book of Allaahrefutingtheir claim that they worship other than Allaah seeking intercession with Allaah.

وَيَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ وَلاَ يَنفَعُهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ هَـؤُلاءِ شُفَعَاؤُنَا عِندَ اللَّهِ

{And they worship besides Allâh things that harm them not, nor profit them, and they say: “These are our intercessors with Allâh.”} Yunus (10):18

Allaah answered this claim by saying (what means): Say: “Do you inform Allâh of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth?” Glorified and Exalted is He above all that which they associate as partners (with Him)!  (10/18)

If Allaah does not know of such a thing then that thing does not exist! It does not exist and it isn’t true for Allaah Knows everything! There is no such thing as someone interceding  for someone else to Allaah in worship.  So  by this He has judged it is a lie –  He Ta’Aalaa  falsified this excuse and gave another ruling that what they do is considereded associating partners with Allaah in worship. 

Asking Allaah yourself is tawheed

Asking other than Allaah to ask Allaah for you is shirk

Any intercession is not accepted except by Allaah’s Permission

Allaah owns the intercession –  all of it –  He grants it to Whom He wills –  39/44 which means: Say: “To Allâh belongs all intercession. His is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, Then to Him you shall be brought back.”

Intercession is of two kinds:  negated and affirmed.   The negated is intercession is asking from other than Allaah for something which only Allaah can do –  it contains shirk. the affirmed intercession is that which is asked from Allaah.  An example of affirmed intercession is the great interecession that will take place on the Yawmal-Qiyammah when the believers will ask the Rasool Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam to intercede for them and he will only do so after Allaah has granted him permission.   An example of negated intercession is  if someone asked another “intercede for me to enter Jannah” – this would be shirk, only Allaah can enter you into Jannah –  so this is the negated intercession. 

The daleel for he negated intercession is the aayah which means: O you who believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, before a Day comes when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And it is the disbelievers who are the Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2:254).  You may ask: “how can there be no intercession when the Rasool will intercede, and the Qur’aan will intercede, and the fasting and martyrs and children who died before puberty will intercede?  The intercession which is mentioned in this aayah is the negated interecession –  that which contains shirk.  Allaah confirmed one type of intercession and negated another in the Qur’aan.  They are different types pf intercession because the Qur’aan does not contradict.  This negated intercession in this verse is the intercession of the people of Shirk –  as Allaah said in 74/42 -which means:  What has caused you to enter Hell?”  They will say: “We were not of those who used to offer their Salât (prayers). “Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); “And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allâh hated) with vain talkers (45) “And we used to belie the Day of Recompense (46) “Until there came to us (the death) that is certain.” (47) So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them

And in 39/43 which means: Have they taken (others) as intercessors besides Allâh? Say: “Even if they have power over nothing whatever and have no intelligence?” (43) Say: “To Allâh belongs all intercession. His is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, Then to Him you shall be brought back.”

And in 6/94 which means: And truly you have come unto Us alone (without wealth, companions or anything else) as We created you the first time. You have left behind you all that which We had bestowed on you. We see not with you your intercessors whom you claimed to be partners with Allâh. Now all relations between you and them have been cut off, and all that you used to claim has vanished from you.

In 40/18 which means: And warn them (O Muhammad SAW) of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers), who could be given heed to.

Allaah also said in 6/51 which means: And warn therewith (the Qur’ân) those who fear that they will be gathered before their Lord, when there will be neither a protector nor an intercessor for them besides Him, so that they may fear Allâh and keep their duty to Him (by abstaining from committing sins and by doing all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained).

And in 6/70 which means: And leave alone those who take their religion as play and amusement, and whom the life of this world has deceived. But remind (them) with it (the Qur’ân) lest a person be given up to destruction for that which he has earned, when he will find for himself no protector or intercessor besides Allâh,…

The affirmed Intercession is that which is asked from only Allaah. Or –   the intercession which does not contain any shirk.  It should be noted that asking inercession from other Allaah is only in something that the one you are asking is able to do. and the condition to do nthat is the one that is interceding has to be alive, caoable and present.  The proof for this is the saying of Allaah in 4/85 which means: Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And Allâh is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything.

If someone asks you to ask his manager to give you a job –  this is an intercession ( waasita) but it does not contain shirk because it is in something that other than Allaah can do- it is not in something that only Allaah can do.  This type of intercession is permissible as it is something that is not exclusively Allaah’s.  This brings reward as brought to light by the above verse.

What is the wisdom behind intercession when Allaah does not need it to recompanse the people?  It is to show how honorable to Allaah is that person who is interceding.    Allaah Ta’Aalaa wants to show that the one interceding is dear to Him so He lets the one intercede to show his honor to the people.

The conditions of the affirmed intercession (that which is asked from Allaah)  are two:

  1. The one interceded for is one that Allaah is pleased with (The one interceded for is muwahhid –  upon tawheed)
  2.  Allaah granted the intercessor the permission. (the intercessor is also muwahhid – upon tawheed).

The daleel for these 2 points is i 53/26 which means:  And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allâh has given leave for whom He wills and is pleased with.

And also 20/109 which means: On that day no intercession shall avail, except the one for whom the Most Gracious (Allâh) has given permission and whose word is acceptable to Him.

Allaah Knows Best –  All praise for Him and salaat and salaams on His Messenger Ameen.






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