NOTE: The text in Arabic and English interpetation along with recorded reading of the treatise can be downloaded from THIS LINK. The Arabic text and transliteration included with these notes may contain spelling errors – kindly refer to the original documents and recorded reading.
We have completed the second part of the introduction and now in shaa’Allaah we go to the third and from there to the first fundamental principle. The author says:
اعلمْ – أرشدك الله لِطاعَتهِ – أنَّ الحنيفَّيةَ مِلةَ إبراهيمَ, أن تَعبُدَ اللهَ وَحْدَهُ مُخْلِصاً لَهُ الدّينَ, وَبذلكَ أمرَ اللهُ جَميعُ النَّاسِ وَخَلَقَكُم لها, كَمَا قالَ تَعَالى
I`lam – arshadakallaahu litaa`atihi – Annal-haneeffiyyata milata Ibraheem, an ta`budallaaha wahdahu mukhlisal-lahud-deen, wa bidhaalika amrallaahu jamee`an-naasi wakhalaqakum lahaa, kamaa qaala ta`aalaa:
Know – may Allaah guide you to obeying Him – that Al-Haneeffiyyah- the religion of Ibrahim, is that you worship Him Alone, making the religion sincerely for Him. That is what Allaah ordered all of mankind to do, and this is the purpose for which He created them. As Allaah says:
وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الجِنَّ وَالإِنْسَ إلَّا لِيَعْبُدُون
And I did not create the Jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone) [Adh-Dhaariyaat 51/56]
Worshipping Him Alone is what Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa ordered all of mankind and He created them for this command.
“Ya`buduun” literally means: “They worship Me.” But why then was the interpretation “Worship me Alone?” In other words; where did “alone” come from when “ya`buduun” does not have that meaning of exclusiveness (in the literal sense)? It is because there are two parties; those who worship Allaah and no one else, and those who worship Allaah and other than Him also.
The first type of worship is accepted (by Allaah) while the other is denied. The worship which is accepted is regarded as worship and the worship which is rejected is not considered worship.
There were two parties that worship Allaah – the first worship Allaah and the second worship Allaah, if we took it in that meaning then everyone would worship Allaah – the monotheists and the polytheists. But the worship in the sense of monotheistic worship was not followed by everyone. Allaah said in 16/36 which means: And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allâh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Tâghût besides Allâh).” Then of them were some whom Allâh guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified…
`ibudullaah means “worship Allaah” but not all of them followed that order – Some of them followed it and worshipped Allaah while others did not –
How do we reconcile the saying that everyone worshipped Allaah while in this Aayah (16/36) Allaah says “some” worshipped Him. This is because to Allaah – the only ones who worship Him are those who single HIm out Alone in worship. Not everyone who does acts of wrship to Allaah is not considered as a worshipper, Because some are doing acts of worship to Allaah while being polytheists, and those who are doing acts of worship to Allaah Alone. This is a matter of consideration. those who are considered worshipping Him to Allaah’s ruling, are the ones who do not join any partners in worship with Him.
Another example is that two people are praying. Are both of their prayers valid? This depends. If we say the first one prayed with Wudhuu and the second one prayed without it. What is apparent is that both of them have prayed, but to the Lord of all that exists, only one has prayed to Him.
Allaah said to – Aqeemus salaah (it means “set up right your salah.”) It is only those that have prayed with the prayers conditions, pillars and obligations that are considered by Allaah to have carried out this order. Anyone who has prayed while leaving off some conditions, pillars or obligations is not considered to have prayed to Allaah.
What is the condition for Allaah accepting an act of worship? IKHLAAS – the act is done ONLY for HIM. Therefore, he who has worshipped Allaah but is not worshipping Him alone, has missed the condition of the act of worship being valid, thus his acts of worship are not regarded as such, just as the one who prayed without the conditions – his prayer is not regarded as such.
That is why the interpreters (ibnu Abbaas and others) said that ya`buduun means yuwahhiduun. If we gave this verse (51/56) an iterpretation without (Alone) , it would contradict with the verse (16/36).
*Understanding this is better than dunyaa and everything in it and better than every piece of knowledge you will get it: what is considered to Allaah an act of worship and what is not.*
The author continues:
وَ مَعْنَى يَعْبُدُونِ: يُوَحِّدُونِ
Wama`naa ya`buduuni yawahhidoon
The meaning of “to worship Me” is “to single me out in worship.”
وَأَعظَمُ ما أَمَرَ اللهُ بِهِ: التَّوْحيدُ, وَهُوَ إِفْرادُ اللهِ بِالْعِبادةِ. وَأَعظَمُ ما نهى عَنْهُ: الشِّرْكُ, وَهُوَ دَعوَةُ غَيْرِهِ مَعَهُ
wa a`thamu maa amarallaahu bihi: at-tawheedu, wahuwa ifraadullaahi bil-`ibaadati. wa a`thamu maa nahaa `anhu: ash-shirku, wahuwa da`watu ghayrihi ma`ah.
The greatest thing that Allaah commanded is tawheed which means: singling Allaah out in worship. And the greatest thing that Allaah warned against is Ash-Shirk which is: supplicating to others along with Him.
Ifraad is the masdar (origin) of afrada and it means “singling out”
Da`wa here means Ibaadah (Worshipping)
والدَّليلُ قَولهُ تعالى
Wad-daleelu qawluhu Ta’Aalaa:
And the proof for this is the saying of Allaah Ta’Aalaa:
وَاعْبُدُوا اللهَ وَلا تُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئاً
And worship Allaah (alone) and do not mix anything [in worship] with Him. [An-Nisaa’ 4:36]