The Three Fundamental Principles 8

Saturday, February 11, 2012

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

All the praises are to Allaah, we praise Him, seek His Aid and ask His Forgiveness. May the peace and blessings and salawaat be upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad – Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, his house of kin and companions and all who follow them exactly until the Day of Judgement.

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The du`aa of mas’alah is of two types:  one which is considered an act of worship and one which isn’t. 

  • The first is that which involves something which only Allaah can do or something exclusively Allaah’s.
  • The second is the opposite –  it doesn’t involve something which only Allaah could do or something exclusively His Subhaanahu wa ta’Alaa.

Calling and asking is not always an act of worship.  For example, calling someone and asking  – we either call and ask Allaah or other than Him.  When this calling and asking is given to Allaah it is always an act of worship.  When you call upon Allaah and ask Him something it is ALWAYS considered an act of worship. Not only that, but it is considered a most important act of worship because Allaah loves that we call upon Him and ask Him.   Allaah says what means in 2/186: …I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor)…

When the one called upon is other than Allaah then the ruling is different and here we see the nature of this Du’aa: If it is in something that only Allaah could do then it is considered an act of worship and the principle is –>  directing whatever is proven to be an act of worship to other than Allaah is an act of shirk.   However if it doesn’t involve something that only Allaah could do then it is not considered an act of worship, just as long as the one asked is present, alive, and capable. 

Examples of asking for things that only Allaah can do –  things that should be asked from ONLY Allaah.

  • Bringing down the rain
  • Bringing forth the crops
  • Providing an offspring
  • Forgiving the sins
  • Guidance of the heart

In the case that the one whom we are asking and calling is other than Allaah, if what we are asking of him is something that only Allaah could do then this is considered worshipping him –  worshipping the one we are asking.  If the thing we are asking about is something that only Allaah could do, this turns the asking into an act of worship and directing an act of worship to other than Allaah is Shirk. 

In the case where the thing being asked is in the capability of the one asked –  it is something that other than Allaah can do, this is not considered an act of worship –  it is not considered to be worshipping the one whom we are asking.

The du`aa of Mas’alah is of two types:

A du`aa which is considered a worshipping and a du`aa which is not.  The du`aa that is considered a worshipping is that du’aa which involves something exclusively Allaahs.  The du`aa which is not an act of worship is the du`aa which does not involve sonething exclusively Allaahs. 

This formula can be applied to other acts as well. For example, if it is said: Al-khawf (fear) is just like du`aa in parting, this means:

fear which is considered a worshipping and a fear which is not. The fear that is considered a worshipping is that fear which involves something exclusively Allaahs. The fear which is not an act of worship is the fear which does not involve sonething exclusively Allaahs.

والدَّليلُ الخوفِ قَولهُ تعالى

Wad-daleelul-khawfi qawluhu Ta’Aalaa:
And the proof for the fear is the saying of Allaah Ta’Aalaa :

إِنَّمَا ذَ ٲلِكُمُ ٱلشَّيطَـٰنُ يُخَوِّفُ أَولِيَآءَهُ  فَلَا تَخَافُوهُم وَخَافُونِ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤمِنِينَ

It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger, Muhammad )], so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers. [Aal `Imraan 3/175] 

The type of fear mentioned in this verse is the fear which is an act of worship.  Here the author is going to give you the evidence of the following acts being acts of worship.  And on the other hand, our teacher gives us evidence of the same acts NOT being acts of worship. 

The fear is of two types just like the du`aa –  a fear which is considered an act of worship (3/175) and a fear which is not considered an act of worship.  A daleel for the fear not considered an act of worship is in 26/21 which means: “So I fled from you when I feared you. But my Lord has granted me Hukm (i.e. religious knowledge, right judgement of the affairs and Prophethood), and appointed me one of the Messengers.

This was Muusaa’s response to Fir`awn when he confronted him.  Muusaa feared Fir’awn and his people.   He feared them from killing him –  he feared them in something that other than Allaah could do so this fear was not considered to be an act of worship. –  Muusaa did not worship Fir’awn by this fearing of him since this fear is not considered an act of worship.

Now if someone feared that someone other than Allaah would throw him in the Hellfire the ruling on such fear would be that it is an act of worship and therefore shirk becuase this is something that only Allaah can do.

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