The Three Fundamental Principles 11

Wednesday, February 22, 2012


All the praises are to Allaah, we praise Him, seek His Aid and ask His Forgiveness. May the peace and blessings and salawaat be upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad – Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, his house of kin and companions and all who follow them exactly until the Day of Judgement.

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والدَّليلُ الذبح قَولهُ تعالى

Wad-daleeludh-dhabhi qawluhu Ta’Aalaa:
And the proof for the slaughtering is the saying of Allaah Ta’Aalaa:

قُل إِنَّ صَلَاتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِى لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلعَـٰلَمِينَ * لَا شَرِيكَ  وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ ٱلمُسلِمِينَ 

Say (O Muhammad): “Verily, my Salât (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists) (162) “He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” [Al-An`aam 6:162,163]

  • Slaughtering (Adh-Dhabh) is spilling blood as a means of nearness to the One sacrificed for. This is exclusively Allaah’s and not to be given to other than Allaah. It is always an `Ibaadah.

وَمِنَ السنةِ : لَعَنَ اللهُ مَنْ ذَبَحَ لِغَيْرِ الله

Wa minas-sunnati: (la`anallaahu man dhabaha lighayrillaah).
 And of the Sunnah: “Allaah cursed he who sacrifices to other than Allaah”  or  “May Allaah curse he who sacrifices to other than Allaah.” {Muslim #1978}

  • So it is either a telling or it is a du’aa against he who sacrifices to other than Allaah that he be cursed.   

والدَّليلُ النذر قَولهُ تعالى

Wad-daleelun-nadhri  qawluhu Ta’Aalaa:
And the proof for vowing is the saying of Allaah Ta’Aalaa:

يُوفُونَ بِٱلنَّذرِ وَيَخَافُونَ يَومًا كَانَ شَرُّهُ  مُستَطِيرًا

They (are those who) fulfill (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading. [al-Insaan 76:7] 

  •  An-Nadhr is the vow and fulfilling it is an `Ibaadah.  It is not to be given to other than Allaah.
  •  The definition of An-Nadhr is, “Obligating yourself to do something which isn’t obligatory as a means of nearness to the one you have done it for.  It is committing yourself to do something.” 
  • For example: The recommended prayers (other than the five daily prayers).   So if one says,  “I  make an-nadhr to pray for an hour to Allaah.”  They have now made it obligatory upon their self to pray for an hour as a means of nearness to Allaah.
  • An- Nadhr is of two types:  1) based on a condition  2) not based on a condition.
    • The one not based on a condition is like the example above.  In Arabic it is called Nadhr Mutlaq (mutlaq means unspecified).  You have not specified when or based upon what  will you do that which you have made obligatory on yourself.  You have made the vow without any conditions.  This nadhr  is considered a good thing.
    • The nadhr that is based on a condition is called  Nadhr Mu`allaq.  It is making a condition such as,  “I will pray for an hour if Allaah cures me.”  Or,  ” If Allaah cures me I will slaughter a goat.”   Any condition you give to make something obligatory upon yourself which is not (obligatory) is called mu`allaq.  The ruling on this type of vow is a matter of dispute.  Some said it is not preferred (Makrooh)  and some said it is impermissible (Haraam).  The stronger view (and Allaah knows best)  is that it is Haraam because the Rasool- sallallaahu`alayhi wassallam, said that that type of nadhr is only take from the stingy (people).  Because he will only do it for something in return.  And in another hadeeth the Prophet- sallallaahu`alayhi wassallam, said that that kind of Nadhr has no goodness in it.  This is the sort of evidence which strengthens the opinion of those who say that it is impermissible.  However if someone falls into doing it, it is obligatory for him to meet that vow.  It is either impermissible or not preferred but if someone fell into doing it they still have to fulfil that vow. 


الأصل الثاني

The Second Principle

مَعْرِفَةُ دينِ الإِسْلَامِ بِالْأَدِلَّةِ

Ma`rifatu deenil-Islaami bil-adillah
Knowing the religion of Islaam by the evidence

وَهُوَ الْاسْتِسْلامُ للهِ بِالتَّوحِيدِ, وَالاِنْقِيَادُ لَهُ بِالطَاعَةِ, وَالْبراءَةُ مِنَ الشِّرْكِ وَأَهْلِهِ

Wa huwal-Istislaamillaah bit-Tawheedi, wal-Inqiyaadu lahu bit-Taa`ati, wal-Baraa’atu minash-Shirki wa ahlih.
And it is to surrender to Allaah with Tawheed and to be submissive to Him in obedience, and to be innocent and free of polytheism and its people.

  • The point of knowing the three principles ( the questions in the grave and subject of this treatise) is that it leads one to worship Allaah Alone and avoiding everything that is worshipped except Him. 
  • Al-Islaam means Al-Istislaam –  which means giving up and surrendering.  Knowing the definition of Islaam is Tawheed, it is worshipping Allaah Alone – surrendering to Allaah with monotheism.
  • These three things are the definition of the religion of Islaam.
    1. Surrendering to Allaah with Tawheed – worshipping Allaah Alone
    2. Being Submissive to Him with obedience is obeying Allaah and part of obeying Allaah is worshipping Him ALone
    3. Being Innocent from polythiesm and its people because the one who doesn’t declare himself innocent and free from polytheism and its people is not a believer.  Every Muslim has to believe that everyone whom Allaah called a disbeliever is adisbeliever and he has to announce it.  As Allaah ordered his Prophet to announce it as in Suurah Kaafiroon which means:
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Say (O Muhammad) to these Mushrikûn and Kâfirûn): “O Al-Kâfirûn (disbelievers in Allâh, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar)! (1) “I worship not that which you worship, (2) “Nor will you worship that which I worship. (3) “And I shall not worship that which you are worshipping. (4) “Nor will you worship that which I worship. (5) “To you be your religion, and to me my religion (Islâmic Monotheism).”

  We see that Allaah reaffirms the point that the believers are innocent and free from the disbelievers.   Why is this confirmed so many times?  Consider this:  When you tie something up once  is it as hard as when you tie it twice?  And when you tie something three times is it not more firm/strong then when you’ve only tied it twice?  And with this confirmation being reiterated it shows that Allaah wants this `Aqeedah   –  this monotheism and innocence from polythesim and its people, to be an issue so firmly tied in the hearts of the believers, an issue that the muslim will never never give up no matter what.  and he can nott let go of because he is so tied up to it.  This issue of Tawheed is so important to the point that Allaah confirmed it three times in this one suurah.  It is like being tied up to this belief three fold so that you will always always always be aware of this issue.

And Allaah said (10/104) in which means: Say (O Muhammad): “O you mankind! If you are in doubt as to my religion (Islâm), then (know that) I will never worship those whom you worship, besides Allâh. But I worship Allâh Who causes you to die, I am commanded to be one of the believers.

Allaah orders His Messenger to announce this `Aqeedah, to say it out loud, to not fear any blame as Allaah says in (5/54) which means: O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islâm), Allâh will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the Way of Allâh, and never fear of the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allâh which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allâh is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.

  • This contradicts what the ignorant people are calling to today of making friends with the disbelievers.  The believers are the honorable ones –  they never fear the blame of the blamers –  the Muslim is honored because they worship only Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`Aalaa .  Allaah tells us in (63/8) what the hypocrites (and at the head of them  عبد الله بن أبي بن سلول Ibn Saluul) say which means: They (hyprocrites) say: “If we return to Al-Madinah, indeed the more honourable (‘Abdûllah bin Ubai bin Salul, the chief of hyprocrites at Al¬Madinah) will expel therefrom the meaner (i.e. Allâh’s Messenger ).” But honour, power and glory belong to Allâh, and to His Messenger (Muhammad), and to the believers, but the hypocrites know not.  

There is no compromising `Aqeedah and there is no compromising what Allaah has ordered.  Allaah says in (68/7-9) which means: So (O Muhammad) obey you not the deniers [(of Islâmic Monotheism those who belie the Verses of Allâh), the Oneness of Allâh, and the Messengership of Muhammad]. (8) They wish that you should compromise (in religion out of courtesy) with them, so they (too) would compromise with you.

They will never love you so why do you love them?  Allaah says in (3/119, 120) which means: Lo! You are the ones who love them but they love you not, and you believe in all the Scriptures [i.e. you believe in the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), while they disbelieve in your Book, the Qur’ân]. And when they meet you, they say, “We believe”. But when they are alone, they bite the tips of their fingers at you in rage. Say: “Perish in your rage. Certainly, Allâh knows what is in the breasts (all the secrets).”  Here Allaah is making clear what the disbelievers are upon.   If a good befalls you, it grieves them, but if some evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it. But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqûn, not the least harm will their cunning do to you. Surely, Allâh surrounds all that they do. 

And Allaah said in (3/69) which means:  A party of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish to lead you astray. But they shall not lead astray anyone except themselves, and they perceive not.

And Allaah said in (2/120 ) which means: Never will the Jews nor the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) till you follow their religion. Say: “Verily, the Guidance of Allâh (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism) that is the (only) Guidance. And if you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) were to follow their (Jews and Christians) desires after what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. the Qur’ân), then you would have against Allâh neither any Walî (protector or guardian) nor any helper.  So does Allaah Know better or do we?!  Of course Allaah Knows Best.  They won’t be pleased until you follow their religion –  Allaah says this –  not our teacher, not Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhaab –  but Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Alaa!  

And Allaah says in (2/105) which means: Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) nor Al-Mushrikûn (the idolaters, polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, pagans, etc.) like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your Lord. But Allâh chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allâh is the Owner of Great Bounty.   That is how bad it is- why?  Becuase it is a metter of belief –  and two different beliefs – contradicting beliefs will NEVER match.

They don’t even like themselves as Allaah said in (2/113) which means:  The Jews said that the Christians follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); and the Christians said that the Jews follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); though they both recite the Scripture. Like unto their word, said (the pagans) who know not. Allâh will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they have been differing.

And Allaah said in (2135-136) which means: And they say, “Be Jews or Christians, then you will be guided.” Say (to them, O Muhammad Peace be upon him ), “Nay, (We follow) only the religion of Ibrâhim (Abraham), Hanifa [Islâmic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none but Allâh (Alone)], and he was not of Al-Mushrikûn.”  Allaahordered His Prophet to announce it and then he ordered all the Muslims to announce it: Say (O Muslims), “We believe in Allâh and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibrâhim (Abraham), Ismâ’il (Ishmael), Ishâq (Isaac), Ya’qûb (Jacob), and to Al-Asbât [the offspring twelve sons of Ya’qûb (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Mûsa (Moses) and Isâ (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islâm).”

So after all of these verses and these clear signs from Allaah where He says not to love those who disbelieve in Allaah… how can people call to making friends with them?  Yes dealing with them is permissible and loving that they be guided is obligatory, but loving that they are guided and loving them are two different things.  We love that they are guided and we don’t have in our hearts that we don’t want them to be guided.  We are more merciful to them than there own parents are.  Why? – Becuase the believers call them to Paradise and the desbelievers call them to the Hellfire. 

 This is the meaning of  “being innocent from polytheism and its people –  so you have to announce this:  That you are innocent of them –  their polytheism and them as well –  Allaah Ta’Aalaa ordered both of these things as in (12/108) which means:  Say (O Muhammad ): “This is my way; I invite unto Allâh (i.e. to the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism) with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me (also must invite others to Allâh i.e to the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism with sure knowledge). And Glorified and Exalted is Allâh (above all that they associate as partners with Him). And I am not of the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh; those who worship others along with Allâh or set up rivals or partners to Allâh).”    Consider carefully his saying:  “I am not of the Mushrikeen.” Allaah ordered him to announce this.  He  did not say:  “I am not a mushrik!”,  he said:  “I am not of the mushrikeen!” –  this is to point out  by Allaah that not only do you have to hate the shirk but you have to hate the mushrikeen. 

And clearer than this is Allaah’s saying in (6o/4) which means: Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrâhim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people: “Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allâh, we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allâh Alone,” except the saying of Ibrâhim (Abraham) to his father: “Verily, I will ask forgiveness (from Allâh) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allâh .” Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return,     Consider the phrase:  “Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allâh” – If we say those two things are the same then we are saying the Qur’aan repeats itself for no benefit, but he said  the two seperately:  We are free from you AND we are free from what you worship. 

Q/A Session – students may refer to the recording.  Allaah Knows Best and all praise is for Him.


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