Arabic – Morphology – Level One – Class 14

Sunday, March 4, 2012

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

All the praises are to Allaah, we praise Him, seek His Aid and ask His Forgiveness. May the peace and blessings and salawaat be upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad – Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, his house of kin and companions and all who follow them exactly until the Day of Judgement.

~~~~~

TOPIC:  Conjugating the Mudhaari` (page 24 of the book)  *These notes are not a complete transcription of the Dars and may be updated.

*This is before demonstrating on verses form the Qur’aan and this way all the different conjugations of the verb would have been covered excepting the amr.

REVIEW >>>

  • In order to form the mudhaari` we add one of the 4 letters of “ANAYTU” to the madhee (Hamzah, Noon, Yaa’, or Taa’)

أ ن ي ت

  • These four letters are called the letters of the Mudhaari`. 
  • There are four steps to change the Maadhee into a Mudhaari`  (i.e.ضَرَبَ )

    1. First add a “Yaa”  –  يضَرَبَ (the yaa is the letter most commonly used for examples  by the scholars of Sarf )
    2. Add a fathah to the yaa’  يَضَرَبَ
    3. Silence the faa’ul kalimah  يَضْرَبَ
    4. change the fathah to a dhammah on the laamul-kalimah يَضْرَبُ
  • We end up with yadhrabu   يَضْرَبُ  but we now must take into considerations the Chapters…

NEW MATERIAL >>>

  • How many combinations/chapters are there?  There are six.
  • Which Chapter is dharaba from?  It is from chapter two:   fa`ala / yaf`ilu 
  • So we change the fathah on the `ayn to a kasrah and the mudhaari’ is يَضْرِبُ
  • The maadhee/mudhaari` combo is ضَرَبَ  يَضْرِبُ
  • This does not affect the  4 general steps for forming the mudhaari’

ANAYTU >>>

  • You will not find any other letter besides one of these 4 letters at the beginning of a mudhaari’
  • The hamzah only comes at the beginning of one form – the form for the single speaker (mutakallim) –  Ana.
  • The noon only comes at the beginning of one form –  the form for the speaker (mutakallim) –  Nahnu
  • The taa’ comes on the most forms – seven of them – the five forms of the one being spoken to – (mukhaatab)  and two froms of the one being spoken about (ghaa’ib) –  namely the single female being spoken about and the two females being spoken about.
  • The yaa’ comes on the remaining four forms of the ghaa’ib.

Why did they choose yaa as the common example?  Because it is what to add to refer to the ghaa’ib.  When they use the madhee they refer it to the single male ghaa’ib and it is logical then when they show the chapters that they use the mudhaari’ for the single male ghaa’ib as well.  (dharaba/yadhribu is saying   “he hit/he is hitting”)

MAADHEE/MUDHAARI` CONJUGATED COMBINATIONS >>>

 MAADHEE – MUDHAARI` CONJUGATED COMBINATIONS (CLICK FOR 100% VIEWING)

MAADHEE CONJUGATION CHART 

I did

Ana fa`altu

فَعَلْتُ

أنا

 

متكلّم

We did

Nahnu fa`alnaa

فَعَلْنَا

نحن

You (m) did

Anta fa`alta

فَعَلْتَ

أنتَ

 

 

 

مخاطب

You (f) did

Anti fa`alti

فَعَلْتِ

أنتِ

You (2m 2f or m/f) did

Antumaa fa`altumaa

فَعَلْتُما

أنتما

You (3+m or 3+m/f) did

Antum fa`altum

فَعَلْتُمْ

أنتم

You (3+f) did

Antunna fa`altunna

فَعَلْتُنَّ

أنتنّ

He did

Huwa fa`ala

فَعَلَ

هو

 

 

 

غائب

She did

Hiya fa`alat

فَعَلَتْ

هي

They (2m or m/f ) did

Humaa fa`alaa

فَعَلَا

هما

They (2f) did

Humaa fa`alataa

فَعَلَتَا

هما

They (3+m or 3+m/f) did

Hum fa`aloo

فَعَلُوا

هم

They (3+f) did

Hunna fa`alna

فَعَلْنَ

هنّ

 

 MUDHAARI` CONJUGATION CHART

I do

Ana af`alu

أَفْعَلُ

أنا

 

متكلّم

We do

Nahnu naf`alu

نَفْعَلُ

نحن

You (m) do

Anta taf`alu

تَفْعَلُ

أنتَ

 

 

 

مخاطب

You (f) do

Anti taf`aleena

تَفْعَلينَ

أنتِ

You (2m 2f or m/f) do

Antumaa taf`alaani

تَفْعَلانِ

أنتما

You (3+m or 3+m/f) do

Antum taf`aloona

تَفْعَلُونَ

أنتم

You (3+f) do

Antunna taf`alna

تَفْعَلْنَ

أنتنّ

He does

Huwa yaf`alu

يَفْعَلُ

هو

 

 

 

غائب

She does

Hiya taf`alu

تَفْعَلُ

هي

They (2m or m/f) do

Humaa yaf`alaani

يَفْعَلانِ

هما

They (2f) do

Humaa taf`alaani

تَفْعَلانِ

هما

They (3+m or 3+m/f) do

Hum yaf`aloona

يَفْعَلُونَ

هم

They (3+f) do

Hunna yaf`alna

يَفْعَلْنَ

هنّ

 

 

2 thoughts on “Arabic – Morphology – Level One – Class 14

  1. Umm Yahya April 14, 2012 at 6:33 pm Reply

    Assalamu alaikunna wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh dear sisters
    Jazakunnallahu khayran for all the posts.

    In the table where the madhee is conjugated, in the second line, the Arabic is correct, but the transcription in English is wrong. It’s not faaltuna, but it should be faalna only فَعَلْنَا

    You’ll notice inshaAllah. Barakallahu fikunna.

    • sarf4sisters April 14, 2012 at 9:36 pm Reply

      walaykumus salaam wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu Sister,

      Thank you for pointing out the oversight! Jazaakillaahu khayran- Inshaa’Allaah we will update it ASAP. wa feekum Baarakallaah.

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