As-salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh. The links and introductory notes for the course: Truth to Embrace will be moved from Archived to Current Course status and links to the new classes will be added to this page Inshaa’Allaah. If any student would like to submit their notes to be reviewed and uploaded to the blog, kindly send an email to: Sarf4sisters@gmail.com
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- Al-Ikhlaas (sincerity) for Allaah (this deals with tawheed) – It is seeking His Face Alone (meaning seeking to earn the utmost pleasure in Paradise which will be seeing His Face) – Allaah does not accept any deed built upon polytheism.
- Following the Sunnah -the deeds must be according to the teachings of the Prophet Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam – This deals with Mutaaba`a (following). This is following the way of ar-Rasool (Salallaahu`alayhi wasallam) And he (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) said as recorded in Saheeh Muslim on the authority of the mother of the believers – A`aishah (may Allaah be pleased with her):
مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هٰذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ
Whoever innovated in our matter something that is not of it will have it rejected.
رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ وَمُسْلِمٌ وَ فِي رِوَايَةٍ لِمُسْلِمٍ
Reported by Bukhaaree and Muslim. And in one version of Muslim it reads:
مَنْ عَمِلَ عَمَلاً لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُنَا فَهُوَ رَدٌّ
He who does an act which we have not commanded, will have it rejected.
*Before embarking on any study we must have knowledge of some basic principles in order to understand the subject – this is very important – even crucial. We must have patience because with patience comes knowledge and without patience no knowledge will come. The principles help us to understand many issues of our religion.*
-The hadeeth above is a principle of Islaam. What is meant by the words: “in our matter”? This means religious matters – not worldly matters for the Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasllam) said about them: Antum `alamu bi umuri dunyakum – “you know best your worldly matters.” And the Rasool taught us about our religious matters. From the Hadeeth:
من حديث صحيح، فقد أخرج مسلم عن أنس رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مر بقوم يلقحون النخل فقال: لو لم تفعلوا لصلح، قال: فخرج شيصا ” تمرا رديئا” فمر بهم فقال: ما لنخلكم؟ قالوا: قلت كذا وكذا.. قال: أنتم أعلم بأمور دنياكم. كما ذكره ابن خزيمة في صحيحه، وابن حبان في صحيحه وغيرهم بروايات مختلفة
It was reported that Raafi’ ibn Khudayj said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah, and they were pollinating the date-palms. He said, “What are you doing?” They said, “We always used to pollinate them.” He said, “Perhaps if you do not do that, it will be better.” So they did not do it, and the harvest was lacking. They mentioned that to him, and he said, “I am only a human being like you. If I tell you to do something with regard to religion, then follow it, but if I tell you to do something based on my own opinion, I am only a human being.” (narrated by Muslim, 2361).
-This means that the door of religion is shut except from the way of the Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasllam) and vice versa – the door of worldly matters is open for us to innovate ….
-Do not innovate in Deen for there is no way to know the religious matters except from someone who was sent by Allaah – because the only one who knows what pleases Allaah is Allaah Himself. We cannot know what pleases Allaah unless Allaah sends us someone to teach us that – and He Ta’Aalaa sent the prophets and Messengers to teach us that.
-Whoever practiced something religiously – believing that Allaah loved it or that he was going to be rewarded by Allaah for it but that practice was not of the teachings of the prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasllam) – it is rejected.
-That is why Allaah Ta’Aalaa said in 42/21 which means: Or have they partners with Allâh (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allâh has not ordained?…
This means that anything that is taken as a religion by Allaah is only what He has ordained.
The Arabic word يَأۡذَنۢ means “allowed” or ”gave permission”.
So this means that any practice that is done religiously MUST HAVE Allaah’s permission to do it. We should ask ourselves about everything that we do for worship – “Do I have permission from Allaah to do this?” How do I know that Allaah has given me permission for this? The answer is that Allaah has sent us someone to tell us what pleases Allaah, what He has ordained, and what He gives us permission to do.
Principle #1 >>>
الْأَصْلُ فِي الْعِبَادَات المَنْع – The basic rule regarding worship is prohibition.
– This means that every act of worship is prohibited unless Allaah has ordained it.
-The daleel for this is the Hadeeth (prohibiting innovation in religious matters) and the Aayah quoted above [42/21])
–Whoever does something must bring the daleel for doing it. If you see someone doing bid’ah and you tell him Allaah will reject it – he may ask you to bring proof that it is bid’ah – but you ask him for his daleel for doing it and not vice versa- does he have a daleel that his act is ordained?!
Principle #2 >>>
الْأَصْلُ فِي الْمُعَامَلات الْحِلّ – The basic rule regarding worldly matters is permissibility
– the Daleel for this principle that the scholars give is in 2/29 which means: He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He rose over (Istawâ) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything.
– Now if someone who has innovated in religion wants to say to you “Hey you are eating banana- where is your proof that you can eat banana???” Then you bring him this verse. and Allaah also said in 7/32 which means: Say (O Muhammad ): “Who has forbidden the adornment with clothes given by Allâh, which He has produced for His slaves, and At-Taiyyibât [all kinds of Halâl (lawful) things] of food?” Say: “They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) exclusively for them (believers) on the Day of Resurrection (the disbelievers will not share them).” Thus We explain the Ayât (Islâmic laws) in detail for people who have knowledge.
– So Basically- If anyone deems an act of worship permissible, they have to have an evidence for doing so. And if anyone deems any type of worldly matter as disallowed,- they have to have an evidence for doing so. Now how do we know if a certain act is an act of worship or not? We know by the EVIDENCES. This takes us to…
-Principle #3 >>>
The Evidence is FOUR things:
- القرآن The Qur’aan
- السنّة The Sunnah
- الاجماع The ijmaa’ (unanimous scholarly consensus)
- القياس The Qiyaas
– The Qur’aan >>> The Word of Allaah Subhanaahu wa Ta’Aalaa -He spoke it to Jibreel who conveyed it to prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) who conveyed it to us.
– The Sunnah>>> we have to understand the meaning of the Sunnah if we dont we may call something a Sunnah while it is not.
- We must understand an important issue of terminology. A PRINCIPLE: The words used in Islamic Sciences may have more than one usage. For example the word:FIQH…
The linguistic ( لغة lughah) meaning is mostly general and the scientific ( اصطلاح istilaah) meaning is particular and there is another usage which is called Shar’ (شَرَعْ) and it will mean understanding the laws of Allah. Sometimes the istilaah and shar’ meaning can be combined and used for the same meaning.
- Linguistically it means “the Way” as in 17:77:
سُنَّةَ مَن قَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ مِن رُّسُلِنَا وَلاَ تَجِدُ لِسُنَّتِنَا تَحْوِيلاً
(This was Our) Sunnah (rule or way) with the Messengers We sent before you (O Muhammad), and you will not find any alteration in Our Sunnah (rule or way, etc.). (Al-Isra 17:77)
- Islaamically (in the Shari`ah) it means “the way of the Prophet Salallaahu `alayhi wa sallam” his Sayings, actions, approvals, Life, etc…
- The Istilaah meaning is “a preferred act (of the Rasool sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)
*The third meaning – Istilaah meaning – falls under the second meaning.*
-The Rulings are five >>>
- فرض/ واجب Waajib/Fardh ~ what we are ordered to do as an obligation.We are rewarded for doing it and punished for not doing it.
- مندوب / سنة / مستحبّ Mustahabb/Sunnah/Mandoob ~ What we are ordered to do not as an obligation.We are rewarded for doing but not punished if not done.
- حلال / مباح Mubaah/Halaal ~ What we have a free choice to do as it is permissible to do it. There is no reward or punishment.
- مكروه Makrooh ~ The opposite of Mustahabb; we are prohibited to do it without obligation. We are rewarded if we dont do it but not punished if we do.
- حرام Haraam ~ ZThe opposite of Waajib; we are prohibited to do it with obligation. We are rewarded if we don’t do it and punished if we do do it.
BASIC PRINCIPLE REGARDING ORDERS>>>
– The order implies obligation, unless it is made preferred by another proof.
لَا تَجْعَلُوا دُعَاء الرَّسُولِ بَيْنَكُمْ كَدُعَاء بَعْضِكُم بَعْضًا قَدْ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ يَتَسَلَّلُونَ مِنكُمْ لِوَاذًا فَلْيَحْذَرِ الَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ أَن تُصِيبَهُمْ فِتْنَةٌ أَوْ يُصِيبَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
… And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them. (An-Nur 24:63)
And Allaah Knows Best