Arabic – Morphology – Level One – Class 31

Thursday, April 19, 2012

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

All the praise is to Allaah, we praise him and seek His Help and Forgiveness. May the peace and blessings and salawaat be upon His slave and messenger Muhammad, and upon his family and companions and all who follow them exactly until the Day of Judgment.

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Qassa has three meanings:

قَصَّ الأثَرَ

  • He followed the trace

قَصَّ القصص

  • He told the stories

قَصَصْتُ شَعري

  • I cut my hair-  we cut is “qasasnaa”

حَجَجْتُ الْبَيْتَ

Hajja literally means “intending” – so it is “sought a destination.”  Hajajtul-bayta is “I sought  destination to Al bayt” (?)

MORE VOCABULARY for First Chapter >>>

دَعَّ  –  يَدُعُّ   يَدُعُّ اليَتِيمَ

 to push harshly

  • He pushes away harshly the orphan.

Allaah says in Surah Al Ma`uun:  Fadhaalikal-ladhee Yad“ul-yateem.  Also read Surah At- Tuur verse 13.

زَفَّ  –  يَزُفُّ     زَفَفْتُ الْعَرُوسَ إلى زَوْجِها

 to guide/give away/ gifted (said by a wali for his daughter he is gving to her husband)

  • I guided/gave away the bride to her husband.

عَقَّ  –  يَعُقُّ   عَقَّ زَيْدٌ وَالِدَيْهِ

to mistreat

  • Zayd mistreated his parents

فَكَّ  –  يَفُكُّ  فَكَكْتُ الْحَبْلَ

 to untie/break/dismantle … in Qur’an it is used for freeing the slave from the restrictions he had (fakku raqabah – freeing a neck)  (Fakku is the masdar – it is not a verb  fakkan?)

  • I untied the rope

بَلَّ  –  يَبُلُّ   بَلَّ الصَّبِيُّ ثَوْبَهُ

to wet (urinate)

  • the infant wet his garment.

دَلَّ   –  يَدُلُّ  دَلَلْتُ الْحَاجَّ إلى الْكَعبة

to guide 

  • I guided the pilgrim to the ka`bah.

ذَمَّ  –  يَذُمُّ   ذَمَّ زَيْدٌ خَالداً

to dispraise/criticize

  • Zayd dispraised Khaalid

قَمَّ  –  يَقُمُّ   قَمَّتْ زَيْنَبُ  الْبَيْتَ

to clean/dust

  • zaynab cleaned/dusted the house

سَنَّ  –  يَسُنُّ   مَنْ سَنَّ سُنَّةً حَسَنَةً

to seek a way/take a way/to ordain 

  • Whoever has taken a good way

سَنَّ الرَّسُولُ السِّوَاكَ

  • The Rasool (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam)  made the Siwaak a Sunnah  (ordained it) 

ظَنَّ  – يَظُنُّ   ظَنَنْتَ الأَمْرَ صَعباً

to  think

  • I thought the matter to be hard.

All terms that have been given are LINGUISTIC terms –  the linguistic definitions.

SECOND CHAPTER >>>

  فَعَلَ   –   يَفْعِلُ

Principles and Scales for 2nd chapter are outlined in the screen shot below

Screen Shot:

 

2 thoughts on “Arabic – Morphology – Level One – Class 31

  1. Nusrath Muhammed June 9, 2012 at 10:21 am Reply

    assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu sisters,

    In lesson 31 for da’aa the mudhari’ is yadu’3o pls check the screen shot ant also in the quran 107:2 we have dhamma on yadu’3o and not fathah .

    barakallahu feekum,

    Nusrath Muhammed.

    • sarf4sisters June 9, 2012 at 10:56 am Reply

      walaykumus salaam wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh

      Jazaakillaahu khayran sister – the notes above show dhammah, (da33a/yadu33u). There may be a problem with the way it appears on your screen wallaahu `alam wa feekum baarakallaah

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