Arabic – Morphology – Level One – Class 44 (detailed notes)

Tuesday, July 10 2012

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

All the praise is to Allaah, we praise him and seek His Help and Forgiveness. May the peace and blessings and salawaat be upon His slave and messenger Muhammad, and upon his house of kin, his companions and all who follow them exactly until the Day of Judgment

NEW VOCABULARY for CHAPTER 5 (fa`ila – yaf`ilu) >>>

بَئِسَ – يَبْئِسُ / يَبْأَسُ   بَئِسَ الرَّجُلُ

To be in great need/desperate

  • The man was in great need

يَئِسَ – يَيْئِسُ / يَيْأَسُ   لا تَيْأَسُوا مِنْ روحِ الله

To give up/dispair

  • Do not give up hope of Allaah’s Mercy (12/87)

وَلِهَ – يَلِهُ /يَوْلَهُ   وَلِهَ الرَّجُلُ

To be in such grief to the point of almost losing one’s mind-the utmost ssadness because of the lost of something or someone beloved.

  • The man was in such great grief that he almost lost his mind

  • *General principle:  there is no action without a doer*

يَبِسَ – يَيْبِسُ /يَيْبَسُ   يَبِسَ الْعَجِينُ

To dry (as in dough or bread or pastry)

  • The dough dried.

وَهِلَ – يَهِلُ /يَوْهَلُ   وَهِلَ الرَّجُلُ

To weaken / to be startled

  • The man weakened/the man was startled

وَلِغَ- يَلِغُ /يَوْلَغُ   وَلِغَ الْكَلْبُ

To lap (the way a dog drinks)

  • The dog lapped

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:   إذا وَلِغَ الكلبُ في إناءِ أحدِكُم فَلْيَغْسِلْهُ سَبعَ مرَّاتٍ أَولاَهٌنَّ بِالتُّرَابِ   If the dog lapped in the bowl of one of you, then wash it seven times (the first or the last is with sand).

وَبِقَ  –  يَبِقُ / يَوْبَقُ   وَبِقَ الْكَافِرُ

To perish

  • The disbeliever perished

وَحِمَت – تَحِمُ /تَوْحَمُ   وَحِمَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ

 To crave  (said specifically regarding the cravings of a pregnant woman)

  • The woman had craving

وَزِعَ  –  يَزِعُ / يَوْزَعُ      وَزِعَ  مُحَمَّدٌ  خَالِداً

To stop/prevent

  • Muhammad prevented Khaalid

That completes the 13 verbs that come asl and shaath.

The 2nd type is 20 verbs that come only odd.  Ibnu Maalik mentioned only 8 of the 20 … (and he mentioned 9 of the 13 above).

Explanation of the poetry (shown in the screen shot below):   Wa afridil-kasra feemaa min means single out the kasrah in …   That is single out the kasrah in the mudhaari` – make it odd in the following examples:  (and he mentioned eight examples)…

وَرِثَ – يَرِثُ     وَوَرِثَ سليمان داوود

To inherit

  • And Sulaiman inherited (from) Daawood  (an Naml 27/16)

وَلِيَ  –  يَلِي    وَلِيَ مُوسَى عِيسَى

To come after/follow

  • Eesaa came after Muusaa

The original meaning of waliya circulates around the meaning of “nearness” and as in to be near in love.  A walee means nearness in love –  the Islamic meaning (and general meaning) is someone who is near to you in love –  a friend.  An example is Allaahs saying:

لا تتَّخِذوا اليهودَ والنصارى أولياء

…Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya’ (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.)… (5/51)

And the explanation of who the believer should be near to you in love is in 5/55:

إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّـهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا

Verily, your Wali (Protector or Helper) is Allah, His Messenger, and the believers,

 This verb also means to have authority as in:

وَلِيَ عمر بن عبد العزيز

`Umar ibn `Abdul-`Azeez had the authority.

SCREEN SHOT:

3 thoughts on “Arabic – Morphology – Level One – Class 44 (detailed notes)

  1. sarf4sisters July 12, 2012 at 8:58 am Reply

    As-salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullaah

    There were some typos in the notes that have been corrected. Allaah reward the student who pointed them out Ameen!

  2. ummnaz March 30, 2013 at 4:47 am Reply

    Assalam alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu dear sister…when is the sarf level 1 exam..is it tommorow…if yes what is the timing…and can i attend the exam..i have already registered….I am an offline student and have been following the classes…JazakAllahu khairan

    • sarf4sisters March 30, 2013 at 5:29 am Reply

      walaykumus salaam wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu UmmNaz ~

      Baarakallaahu feeki Ukhtee – Ustaadh has not given details. We are still reviewing chapters in the Intensive sarf revision course – so perhaps it will be after we complete the revision, Allaahu Alam. But inshaa’Allaah Ustaadh will let all of us students know when, where and how the exam will take place. May Allaah give us all the increase in benficial knowledge and righteous actions Ameen
      Umm Omar

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