Explaining (A Fine Comprehensive Treatise on Usoolul’ Fiqh) 1

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

Our Teacher began with praising Allaah Ta’Aalaa seeking His aid and forgiveness, then sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, Muhammad (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) and on his house of kin and companions and all those who follow them exactly until the Day of Judgement

Introduction >>>

Today Inshaa’allaah we start with this blessed book entitled:

رِسَالَةُ لَطِيفَةٌ جَامِعَةُ فِي أُصُولِ الْفِقْهِ الْمُهِمَةِ

Comprehensive, Fine Treatise on the Crucial Foundations of Jurisprudence (Usuulul-Fiqh)

  • A treatise is an important book mentioning the most important issues in a certain subject.
    .
  • The author is Ash-Shaykh Abdur-Rahmaan ibnu Naasir As-Sa`dee (Rahimahullaah Ta`Aalaa)  1307-1376 AH.  He is one of the scholars whom Ash- Shaykh Muhammad Ibnu Saaleh Al`Uthaymeen studied under.  Some of his books are this which we are about study insaa’Allah during this blessed month, and he also has the famous book:  Tayseerul-Kareemir-Rahmaan (it is a tafseer) which is an interpretation of Al-Qur’aan Al-Kareem.
    .
  • From the qualities of this book is that it is easy to understand, (very simple Arabic used) and it focusses on the most important principles mentioned in Usuulil-Fiqh.
    .
  • All of the students should download a copy of this treatise (it is 18 pages with out any explanation or additional notes),  If you haven’t retrieved the PDF from the link Ustaadhnaa provided,  we have uploaded the PDF which can be accessed from HERE.  Once it is opened you may Save a Copy to your computer.

    ~~~~~

NOTES >>>

 Brief Explanation of the Meaning of the Basmalah >>>

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

Here the meaning is:

I read only by the Aid of Allaah through His mention seeking His blessings, the One Whose Mercy is vast Delivering it to whomever He wills.

The verb changes depending on the action that you commence after saying “Bismillaah….”  Ustaadhnaa gave a complete dars on explaining the meaning of the Basmalah –  CLICK HERE for the recording of that class.

 The introduction >>>

  • Alhamdulillaahi Nahmaduhu means: “All the praises are to Allaah, we praise Him”  So first he described all the praises of Allaah by the noun (al-Hamd), then he praised Him with the verb (Nahmadu)
    • Alhamdulillaah means: “All the praise is to Allaah” – the exact meaning is “I describe Allaah with every perfection with love and glorifying.”   All attributes of perfection are attributed to Him Alone – this is “Al-Hamdulillah.”
    • Nahmaduhu (it is the mudhaari` of hamida – yahmadu)  means:  “we praise Him”.  This is according to how the Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wassallam) started his khutbah –  the Khutbatul-Haajah.  There is a delicate difference in meaning between saying “Alhamdulillaah”  and “ahmadullaah” which is learned in Balaaghah.  One might say, ” Why did he say Alhamdulillaah and then nahmuduhu when its the same thing?” we say, no it is not the same thing…
  • Nahmaduhu `alaa maa lahu minal-Asmaa’il-Husnaa was-Sifaatil means: “becuase/for what is His of the Best/Pleasant Names
    • Alaa  means “for”
    • Maa means “what”
    • lahu means “what is His” (expresses posession and the laam is also a preposition)
    • Asmaa’ul-Husnaa is mentioned in several places in the Qur’aan and an example is in 17/110:  قُلِ ادْعُوا اللَّـهَ أَوِ ادْعُوا الرَّحْمَـٰنَ ۖ أَيًّا مَّا تَدْعُوا فَلَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَلَا تَجْهَرْ بِصَلَاتِكَ وَلَا تُخَافِتْ بِهَا وَابْتَغِ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ سَبِيلًا
    • Al Husnaa means “the best of the best from every aspect.”  Those Names contain the best and most perfect meanings.
  • Was-Sifaatil-kaamilatil-`ulyaa means: “and (for what belongs to Him also) of the most complete/perfect and highest Attributes”
    • As-Sifaat means:”attributes”
    • Al-Kaamilah means “complete” (meaning in perfection}
    • Al-`ulyaa means: “the Highest”  An example of “the highest”  from Qur’aan is in 16/60: لِلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ مَثَلُ السَّوْءِ ۖ وَلِلَّهِ الْمَثَلُ الْأَعْلَىٰ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

So far he has praised Him for 3 things:

  1. What belongs to Him of the perfect Names
  2. What belongs to Him of the Highest Attributes
  3. For His Divine Decrees/rulings
  • Wa `alaa ahkaamihil-qadariyyatil-`ammah means: “and because of His Divine Rulings/Decree
    • Ahkaamihi means: “His Rulings”
    • Al-Qadariyyah is a reference to Al Qadar (which is the Divine Decree)
    • Ahkaamihil-Qadariyyah means: “His Divine Decrees”
    • Al`Ammah means: “The general or comprehensive”  General covering what? … he mentions it:
  • Likulli mukawwanin wa mawjudin means:  “to every existing things which is structured/made.”
    • Likulli means:  “to every”
    • mukawwanin means: “structured/made”
    • mawjuudin means: “existing”
    • The “wa” is  Atfut Tafseer –  that means he is bringing the waaw to explain to you what is mukawwin –  he is interpreting to you what is made because everything that is  existing is made by Allaah. This is because the Divine Decrees is considered as Allaah saying to something: “Be!” and it happens! everything is mukawwin – it is made and existing.

So the meaning thus far is:  “All the praises are for Allaah, we praise Him for what belongs to Him of the Best Names and the High perfect attributes and and His  general Divine Decrees which cover everything made and existing.”

Then after he finished mentioning the Dvine Decrees, he mentioned the religious legislations:

  • Wa Ahkaamihish-Shar`iyyah Ash-Shaamilah likulli mashruu`in means:  (and just as we praise him for His Divine Decrees, we praise Him for) His comprehensive/general legislative Rulings/Decrees
    • Ash-Shar`iyyah  referring to Ash Shari`- the legislated
    • Ash-Shaamilah has the same meaning as Al-Aamah but he didn’t want to bring the same word because it is considered a defect in the power of speech in the Arabic language. Shaamilah and Aamah are synonyms.
    • Likulli mashruu`in means: “to every thing legislated. Mashruu` is ismul-maf`ool (the thing  which  is legislated).  So His  legislated commands cover everything which is legislated.

So now he  has  praised him for four things:

  1. What belongs to Him of the perfect Names
  2. What belongs to Him of the Highest Attributes
  3. For His Divine Decrees/rulings
  4. For His Legislative rulings

So there are divine rulings and legislative rulings and tere are also eternal rulings –  His  recompansing rulings  – This is  the  fifth thing  for which he has praised Allaah:

  • Wa Ahkaamil-Jazaa`i bith-thawaabi lil-muhsineena wal-`iqaabi lil-mujrimeenmeans:
    • Wa Ahkaamil-Jazaa’ means: “and the rulings of  recompense/compensation.”
    • bith-thawaabi lilmuhsineen means: ” with/by the reward to the good-doers (the ones who do ihsaan)”
    • wal-iqaabi lil-mujrimeen  means:  “with punishment to the criminals” (in this sense Mujrimeen means “the sinners”)

So  he  has  praised Allaah for FIVE things:

  1. What belongs to Him of the perfect Names
  2. What belongs to Him of the Highest Attributes
  3. For His Divine Decrees/rulings
  4. For His Legislative rulings
  5. For His recompansive rulings

~~~~~

End of First Part of Introduction maashaa’Allaah  laa quwwata illa billaah.  If anyone finds any errors,kindly bring to our attention in the comments section below or  by email.

  Walhamdulillaahi Rabbil-`Alameen wassalaatu  wassalaam alaa Muhammad Ameen

2 thoughts on “Explaining (A Fine Comprehensive Treatise on Usoolul’ Fiqh) 1

  1. Nusrath Muhammed July 27, 2012 at 8:12 am Reply

    assalamualaikum wrwb sisters,
    iam not able to go into the link for the explanation of basmallah so pls help me inshaallah .
    barakallahu feekum.

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