بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:
This book “A Comprehensive Treaties on Usoolul Fiqh (رسالة لطيفة جامعة في أصول الفقه المهمة)” focuses on the most important principles of Fiqh. The author is Shaykh AbdurRahman Ibnu Naasir As-Sa’diyy (rahimahullah); he was born in the year 1307AH and he died in the year 1376AH. He is one of the scholars whom Shaykh `Uthaymeen studied under; and he authored many great books, such as his tafseer “Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahman”.
In order to know what Usoolul Fiqh is; we must first know what Fiqh is.
Fiqh is: fitting a ruling to the acts of an individual; as every act which a person does has a ruling –it is either obligatory, recommended, permissible, disliked, or impermissible.
Therefore, Usoolul Fiqh is the foundation upon which jurisprudence is built.
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The author said: “Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem”
‘Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem’ means: I read only by the aid of Allah through His mention, seeking His blessings; the One who is of a vast Mercy, delivering it to whomever He wills. This is the complete meaning of Bismillahir- Rahmanir- Raheem here; and the author began with the Basmalah because it is the way of the Quran and Sunnah to begin as so.
All the praise is to Allah. We praise Him for what belongs to Him of the Best Names; and for what belongs to Him of the Perfect High Attributes; and for His divine general decrees which cover everything made and existing; and for His legislative commands which cover everything legislated…
– All the praise is to Allah: “Alhamdullilah” means: I attribute to Allah every perfection, out of love and glorifying; this is the complete meaning of “Alhamdullilah” (or “Ahmadullah”).
– We praise Him for what belongs to Him of the Best Names: this is mentioned in the Quran in many places; such as the verse: “Say (O Muhammad): ‘Invoke Allâh or invoke the Most Beneficent (Allâh), by whatever name you invoke Him (it is the same), for to Him belong the Best Names…” (Quran 17: 110)
– And for what belongs to Him of the Perfect High Attributes: As Allah says: “…and for Allâh is the highest description.” (Quran 16: 60).
– And for His divine general decrees which cover everything made and existing: the divine decrees are considered Allah’s saying to a thing “Be” and it is, (which is found in many verses of the Quran). As anything that exists does so only after two things:
- That Allah Wills it.
- That Allah brings it into existence (by His saying to it “Be” and it is).
– And for His legislative decrees which cover everything legislated: the legislative decrees are considered Allah’s saying “do”. So the difference between His divine decrees and His legislative decrees are that the first (divine) must take place; and they may be what Allah loves or hates. And the second (legislative) are by choice (i.e. it may or may not happen; as whoever chooses will be obey and whoever chooses will disobey); and they must be what Allah loves. Therefore, the divine decrees are what Allah ‘wills’ to happen; and the legislative decrees are what Allah ‘loves’ to happen.
-End of Dars-
All Praise is for Allaah, may the salaat and salaam be upon the Messenger of Allaah, Sallalaahu`alayhi wasallam
Transcribed by: Karima Muslimah
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