Establishing the Principles: Arabic – Book 1- Class 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and  followers until the Last Day and began:

Small Review of the previous Class >>>

The meanings that are applicable to the ‘baa’ in بسم الله are two:

1)      With

2)      Seeking Aid

  • The word which is hidden is a Verb
  • There is a hidden word, because you can’t just say: ‘With the Name of Allaah’ or ‘Seeking the Aid of Allaah’ – It doesn’t make any sense it is an incomplete sentences

(General: Ustaadh also mentioned that he  will make exercises for each Class and post it on his WEBSITE soon in shaa Allaah)

Notes >>>

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

I do whatever is preceded with this word, Seeking the Aid of Only Allaah, Seeking the Blessings of Only His Name by mentioning it. The One whose Mercy is wide and delivered to whoever He wills
  • The ‘baa’ in بسم الله is described in English as a preposition- And prepositions don’t come independently they have to come with a word.

As for Example: You can’t just say: In the Masjid – There has to be a verb: ‘Praying’ in the Masjid- ‘Sitting’ in the Masjid -‘Studying’ in the Masjid. That’s the whole point of the preposition, to connect/link the meaning of a Verb to a Noun

  • The reason why we don’t say the verb is so that the first thing that would be uttered is the Name of Allaah. (In Balaaghah this will be explained farther in shaa Allaah)

Q: Which verb are you going to presume?

A: Whatever act you Say this word before

As for Example:

–          If you’re drinking and you say it before drinking, then the hidden verb is: ‘I drink’ with the Name of Allaah.

–          If you’re eating and you say it before eating, then the hidden verb is: ‘I eat’ with the Name of Allaah

–          If you’re entering and you say it before entering, then the hidden verb is: ‘I enter’ with the Name of Allaah

  • Every Action comes with an Intention before it (this is something self-evident)

الرحمن

  • الرحمن (Ar-Rahmaan): This form of a word which you hear (rhyme) it gets the meaning of ‘being full of something’ or ‘having a wide meaning of a certain attribute’
  • Some examples which rhyme (scale) as رحمن (Rahmaan):

عَطشَان (‘Atshaan): Full of thirst

غَضبَان(Ghadhbaan): Full of Anger

  فَرحَان (Farhaan): Full of happiness

  جَوعَان (Jaw’aan): Full of hunger

  • And therefore رحمن (Rahmaan) means: Full of Mercy
  • رحمن (Rahmaan)and رحيم (Raheem) (and other words with this same rhythm) are styles of exaggeration – When we want to express an exaggeration in a certain attribute then there are different styles and ways to do it in Arabic.

الرحيم

  • الرحيم (Ar-Raheem): The One who delivers this Mercy to whoever He Wills

Some examples which rhyme as رَحِيم (Raheem) are  رَجيم (Rajeem)- كَرِيم (Kareem)- عظيم (‘Adheem)

  • One of the main meanings where words rhyme (sound) like (Raheem) is to express ’Passing/delivering something to someone else’- So Raheem means: Excessively delivering/passing His Mercy to whomever He wills
  • When we say delivering we mean the passive action (So Raheem best describes the Passive Action)

In Conclusion when you say this word بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم you get two Benefits:

1)      Seeking the Aid of Allaah in everything that you do

2)      Getting the Blessings

  • Only this word ‘Bismillaahi Rahmaani Raheem’ is a great ni’mah (blessing) from Allaah- That Allaah gave us something as a means to seek aid in front of every act that we do
  • Getting the Blessings, How? It is done by mentioning the Name of Allaah- Because whenever the Name of Allaah comes with something then that something is adhering to the Blessings from Allaah- So if you read the Quraan and you say ‘بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم’ -This reading of yours will be blessed by Allaah and if it is blessed it will help you better with pondering on the verses of Allaah. As Allaah سبحانه وتعالى  said:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ  أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ – 13:28 

Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّـهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ – 8:2

The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur’an) are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone);

  • And this remembrance is either by the heart or by the tongue
  • When you say the basmalah and you read the Quraan in shaa Allaah your heart is more present then when you don’t
  • One could ask a Question: You said that the basmalah can have one of two Meanings-

In the First meaning: With the Name of Allaah

And in the second meaning: Seeking the Aid from Allaah

Why don’t we say: Seeking the Aid from the Name of Allaah? Why is it changed and you gave each one a certain interpretation and ‘bismi Allaah’  is ‘with the Name of Allaah’?

We say:

1-      Seeking Aid is sought from Allaah (the One Who has this Name) and not from His Name itself

2-      Can you get the Aid without mentioning Allaah’s Name? No, we have to Seek His Aid by mentioning His Name

  • Example from the Quraan:

سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى – 87:1

Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High,

  • The Glorifying is to Allaah- If (just for explaining) we say  سَبَّح رَبَّكَ   ‘Glorify your Lord’– Would Allaah be Glorified, by you saying this? Yes..
  • It is the same whether you say: ‘Glorify Allaah’ or ‘Glorify the Name of Allaah’ – In the sense of what is Concluded/the goal/the aim, Him being Glorified.
  • Anything mentioned in the Quraan is mentioned for a Benefit- And here we don’t mean that Allaah added something that is not needed. There is a benefit from adding the name here-
  • The benefit from saying ‘Glorify the Name of Allaah’ is that you have to do it by saying it- As if Allaah is telling you, this is how to Glorify Me, by saying it verbally
  • So when He says:  سَبِّح اسمَ رَبِّكَ الأعلى – it is as if he is saying: Glorify me by saying سُبحَانَ رَبّيَ الأعلَى (Subhaana Rabbiyal A’laa) – And this is what you say in your Sujood (prostration)
  • Don’t be sufficient by glorifying with the heart only but say it verbally as well

The same thing with بسم الله here: Seek the Aid of Allaah by mentioning His Name (by saying ‘bismi Allaah’)

وَبِهِ نَستَعِينُ

Wabihi nasta’een

And from Him we seek Aid (We seek Aid from Him)
  • نَستَعِين (Nasta’een): We seek Aid

رَبِّ تَمِّم بِالخَيرِ

Rabbi tammim bilkhayr

My Lord complete with Goodness
  • رَبِّ (Rabbi): My Lord
  • تَمِّم (Tammim): Complete
  • بالخير (Bilkhayr): With Goodness
  • In رَبِّ the ي (yaa) of the speaker (Yaa-ul Mutakallim) is dropped, because of exessive usage.

الحَمدُ للهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِين

Alhamdullilaahi rabbil ‘Aalameen

All the Praise is to Allaah Lord of the Worlds

(The meaning of ‘Alhamdulillaahi Rabbil ‘Aalameen’ is explained in detail in another class, so ustaadh didn’t repeat it again)

The Terms Used in those sciences have an Original Meaning and an Originated Meaning

–          The Original Meaning is the Linguistic One, meaning what the Arabs used this word for

–          The Originated Meaning, is the Technical Meaning, which is used for specified meaning of the Linguistic one

(And this will be mentioned in the next Arabic Class in shaa Allaah)

~~~ End of Dars~~~

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Notes Transcribed by: Umm Sufyaan Al Maghribiyyah

From some of the Questions >>>

  • The reason that the ي (yaa) of the speaker (Yaa-ul Mutakallim) is dropped in رَبِّ تَمِّم بِخَير is because of excessive usage.
  • أسألُكَ بِكُل اسم هو لَك This is not I ask the Name, but: I ask You with every Name is yours – It didn’t say أسألُ اسمَكَ (I ask your Name)
  • Q: As we know one of the meanings of  بسم الله is ‘Seeking the Aid of Allaah’- and right after the ‘basmala’ it says وَبه نستعين ‘And from Him we Seek Aid’- So why is it mentioned twice?

A: This is extra confirmation (I seek Your Aid and especially in writing this book) –

An example from the Quraan:

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ- 1:5

You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

  • Seeking Aid in itself is an act of worship, so if it was said إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ   ‘You we worship )Alone( ’ then Seeking Aid would fall under Worship- So why did Allaah say إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ and after it إِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ , although ‘Seeking Aid’ falls under ‘Worship’- This point out a benefit that we can’t do anything even ‘Worshipping Allaah’, except if He ‘Aids’ us.
  • Like you saying: O Allaah I worship you and Pray to you- And praying falls under you saying Worship- But you confirmed specialty, I Worship You and especially Pray to you
  • The Linguistic Meaning is General and the Technical Meaning specifies the Linguistic Meaning

Screen Shots:

One thought on “Establishing the Principles: Arabic – Book 1- Class 2

  1. Zohra Al Fransiyyah February 15, 2013 at 12:26 pm Reply

    Asalamou aleikoum
    JazakAllahoukhair

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