Establishing the Principles: Monotheism – Book 1- Class 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

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Tawheed (Monotheism) is of two types in general:

  1. Singling out Allaah in His acts and that is called Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah and Ruboobiyyah is the reference to Ar-Rabb. Therefore, Ruboobiyyah is “the Lordship.”
  2. Singling out Allaah in our actions which is called Tawheed Al ‘Ibaadah and Al ‘Ibaadah is worship. Therefore, we have to know what an act of worship is.

* Side Benefit: Tawheed Al Asmaa was-Sifaat falls under Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah, but when there was much deviation regarding the belief in the Names and Attributes of Allaah, and the scholars were refuting the deviated sects,  this type of Tawheed was then addressed by the scholars in that field of knowledge independently.  And this is where this third type of Tawheed was considered an independent type of Tawheed.   Otherwise the types of Tawheed go back to two. That which is concerning Allaah’s acts includes His attributes because His attributes are His acts. 

Some of the ancient scholars called the first type of tawheed:  Tawheed Al `Ilm wal-i`tiqad (singling out in knowledge and belief) – This is whatever has to do with Allaah’s acts, it doesn’t involve any action (on behalf of the slave). The slave is simply asked to acknowledge and believe in Allaah’s Names and Attributes.  The other type of Tawheeed is called: Tawheed Al QaSd wal- Talab (a singling out in intention and seeking). It involves whom you seek with your act of worship. It involves your actions and your actions are only valid when they are based on a correct and sincere intention. So in general the parts are two but when laid out in detail, the first one parts into two and the second one remains as is –  giving three in detail.*

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What is an act of Worship

We have to know what is an act of worship, to be able to give this worship to Only Allaah, as Allaah has ordered in 4:36, what translates to mean:  “Worship Allaah and join none with Him in worship,”

The Scholars defined the act of worship to be: “Every Act which Allaah is pleased with, apparent or hidden, sayings or doings.”

If it is asked,   “How does one get to know the acts which Allaah is pleased with?”  You say, “There are three main ways to do so.”

  1. If Allaah ordered it
  2. if Allaah mentioned a reward for doing it
  3. if Allaah praised the one who did  it

   IF ALLAAH ORDERED IT >>>

As in 2:36 which translates to mean:  “Perform As-Salah.” And Allaah also said in same verse which means: “Give out the obligatory charity.”

This is an order. And Surely Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa will order to do only that which pleases Him. It doesn’t make sense that Allaah will order to do something from his slave to do which He is not pleased with. 

Allaah said in 4:36 which translates to mean:  “Worship Allaah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbor who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allaah does not like such as are proud and boastful;”

Doing good to parents is an act of worship because Allaah ordered us to do so. Doing all of (the above) are acts of worship because Allaah ordered us to do them.

This is the first way to know the acts Allaah is pleased with. Thus, being an act of worship.

IF ALLAAH MENTIONED A REWARD OUT OF DOING IT >>>

 Allaah said in 33:35 which translates to  mean:  “Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allaah in Islam) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allaah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allaah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allaah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allaah), the men and the women who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allaah much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allaah during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawafil prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allaah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).”

Islaam in general (Islamically) means submitting to Allaah. It is taken from the word, “Aslama.”  Aslama means: “gave up and surrendered and submitted himself.”   Allaah mentioned a reward (in this verse mentioned above) out of doing something and that thing which is done is an act of worship.

IF ALLAAH PRAISES HE WHO DOES IT >>>

As in 23:1-10 which translates to mean: “Successful indeed are the believers. Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness. And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allaah has forbidden). And those who pay the Zakat .5. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts) Except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame; But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; Those who are faithfully true to their Amanat (all the duties which Allaah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts etc.) and to their covenants; And those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) Salawat (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours). These are indeed the inheritors.” 

Meaning the inheritors of Paradise. This is an example to many acts to which Allaah mention in the sequence of praising the believers for doing it. All of what is mentioned here of the acts of those whom Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa, praised are considered to be an act of worship.

And Allaah also said in 76:7 which translates to mean:  “They (are those who) fulfill (their) vows…”

Here Allaah is praising those who fulfill their vows. From this praise we take that this is an act of worship because praising only comes out from loving what those people do, as one who does what you hate surely is not worth the praise but the only one who is worth the praise is one who does what you love.

Then after this verse Allaah says what means: “And they give food, in spite of their love for it (or for the love of Him), to Miskin (poor), the orphan, and the captive,”

This is an act of worship.

And Allaah also said in 59:10 that which translates to mean: “And those who came after them say: “Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful.”

Those who come after them, meaning the companions. This is including everyone who came after the first group of companions – not just the Muhaajireen but all the companions after them. Everyone who came after them until the Day of Judegement. 

It is not having in your heart something against your brother Muslim for no reason or for no given right (rather it is), asking forgiveness and having love in your heart for your brother Muslim. This is all an act of worship which Allaah praised a group for doing so this proves it is an act of worship.

~~~~~

And generally anything done for the sake of Allaah which isn’t originally an act of worship, becomes an act of worship by that intention (intention to please Allaah).  For example:

Eating is permissible and not originally considered a ritual act of worship.  But if you eat for the sake of becoming stronger to serve Allaah then this eating becomes an act of worship which Allaah rewards you on. As the Prophet Sal Allaahu ‘Alyhe wasaalam said, “The strong believer is better than the weak believer.” This is isn’t just a spiritual strength but this also a physical strength.  If you eat for the intention to gain strength  to be able to worship Allaah better like to pray your sunan prayers – then this eating which was not originally an act of worship, gets turned into an act of worship because it is pleasing to Allaah that you do that act (eating) for that intention (gaining strength to worship Allaah).

 If you put a morsel of food in your wife’s mouth, it may not be originally an act of worship but because of the intention it becomes an act of worship. The daleel (proof) for all of this is the hadeeth, “Actions are not except by intentions…” This Hadeeth is a principle in itself.

The difference between this act (which is not originally an act of worship being turned into an act of worship because it pleases Allaah)   and a bid’ah

*A bid’ah is a new way in religion – it has to do with believing that something is an act of worship which is not.*

 If one does a bid’ah with the intention to please Allaah, he thinks that Allaah has made this an act of worship – such as praying Maghrib as four rakaat instead of three, we do not say that he turned an act that was not originally worship into an act of worship.  Rather we say he has innovated something believing it to be pleasing to Allaah. This is bi’dah and bi’dah is something new in religion. It is something that is thought or assumed to be an act worship which is not.  If someone does something which Allaah has not ordained/legislated but he does it thinking Allaah legislated, here we say (to him), your intention doesn’t justify your action because your action is something which Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa is not pleased with. Allaah is not pleased with when you worship Him in a way that His Prophet Sallalaahu`alayhi wasallam, did not teach you.

Every act in Islaam is accepted after two conditions:

1) This act of worship done only to Allaah.
2)
This act is done according to the teachings of Prophet Sal Allaahu ‘Alyhe wasallam.

As Allaah said in 42:21 which translates to mean: “Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not allowed.”

We understand from this verse that everything which is taken as something of religion has to be something which Allaah ordained. We know what Allaah ordained by Revelation to His Prophet Sallaahu ‘Alyhe wasallam because he is the only one who conveys the message of Allaah. As Allaah said in 5:67 that which translates to mean:  “O Messenger (Muhammad )! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord..”

So, everything which Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa loves the Prophet Sallaahu ‘Alyhe wasallam has told us and everything which Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa hates the Prophet Sallaahu ‘Alyhe wasallam has informed us.  As it is said in the Hadeeth narrated by ‘Abdullah Ibne Mas’ud that the Prophet Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam: “There is nothing which gets you close to Paradise except that I have ordered you to do. And there isn’t something which gets you close hellfire except I have forbid you to do.” (Authenticated by Sheikh Al- Albanee  rahimahullaah ta’aalaa).

So, the Prophet Sal Allaahu ‘Alyhe wasallam guided us to all what is good and he didn’t leave anything, that is why Allaah revealed to him that this religion is complete in 5:3 which translates to mean: “This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”.

This religion is perfect and its perfection is in it being complete covering everything that you need in your life and hereafter. The Prophet sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam, didn’t leave anything even the etiquettes of how to enter the toilet. The meaning of this religion being perfect is that it covers everything which pleases Allaah. That is why this Book (Al-Qur’aan), has the good which the previous books contained and more as Allaah said in His Book.

Worship is for Allaah Alone

If we know what an act of worship is then our duty to Allaah is to give these acts of worship Only to Him.  When people started to give and direct their acts of worship to other than Allaah, He sent out the Messengers.  As Allaah said in 2:213 which translates to mean:  “Mankind were one community and Allaah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed.”

“Mankind were one community …” meaning there was no difference between them because they were all upon one religion.    

“and Allaah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings,” There is a hidden word in the verse because something happened between them being one community and the sending out of Prophets with glad tidings and warnings. That is why this hidden word is what Allaah said later in the verse…

 “ and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed.” If they differ they are not one community. They were one community and then they differed so Allaah sent out Prophets with glad tidings and warnings.

That is why the people for the first 10 centuries were upon one religion-worshipping Allaah alone-until the first worshipping of other than Allaah happened among the People of Nooh. And this is why Nooh was then sent; to take them back to what their forefathers were upon. 

We find this reason for sending out the messengers mentioned in Soorah An -Nahl.  Allaah says in 16:36 which translates to mean: “And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allaah).”

The sending of Messengers includes the first communities because Allaah said every community (and the sending of Messengers was when they differed of course).

The position of many of the people who were called (to worship Allaah alone) was, as in 7:59 onwards which translates to mean:  “Indeed, We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people and he said: “O my people! Worship Allaah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. (La ilaha ill-Allaah: none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah). Certainly, I fear for you the torment of a Great Day!”

The response his people took from the dawah of his was,“Verily we see you in plain error.”

They had no proof of this claim of theirs that Nooh was in plain error.  That is why Allaah said in 3:151 which translates to mean: “We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve, because they joined others in worship with Allaah, for which He had sent no authority;” 

They had no proof for what they were upon. This is the way of the people of falsehood; when they are called to the truth; they criticize, and call names. They said to Nooh: “You are upon plain error” 

And when Allaah mention ‘Ad whom Hud was sent to, He said in 7:65-67 which translates to mean: “And to ‘Ad (people, We sent) their brother Hud. He said: “O my people! Worship Allaah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. (La ilaha ill-Allaah: none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah). Will you not fear (Allaah)? The leaders of those who disbelieved among his people said: “Verily, we see you in foolishness, and verily, we think you are one of the liars.(Hud) said:”O my people! There is no foolishness in me, but (I am) a Messenger from the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!”

And their response after that comes in 7:70 which means: “You have come to us that we should worship Allaah Alone and forsake that which our fathers used to worship. So bring us that wherewith you have threatened us if you are of the truthful.”

They found it strange – this call to worshipping Allaah alone.  And it was not out of a certain proof but out of haughtiness to what their forefathers were upon. That is why Allaah said in same (7:75-76) which translates to mean: “The leaders of those who were arrogant among his people said to those who were counted weak – to such of them as believed: “Know you that Salih (Saleh) is one sent from his Lord.” They said: “We indeed believe in that with which he has been sent. Those who were arrogant said: “Verily, we disbelieve in that which you believe in.”

(Likewise), when the Prophet Sal Allaahu ‘Alyhe wasaalam called them, they said which is mentioned in Soorah Saad, 38:1-4 which translates to mean:  “By the Qur’an full of reminding. Nay, those who disbelieve are in false pride and opposition. How many a generation We have destroyed before them, and they cried out when there was no longer time for escape! And they (Arab pagans) wonder that a warner (Prophet Muhammad ) has come to them from among themselves! And the disbelievers say: “This (Prophet Muhammad ) is a sorcerer, a liar.”

So one of their ways to reject the truth is calling names.

~~~~~

Who is there to call to the religion after Muhammad Sallallaahu`alayhi wassallam?

Now after the completion of the religion (meaning after the Last Prophet who was sent) is there a possibility of a coming of another prophet? No, but Allaah sends warners (who are scholars) after them whom have inherited their knowledge to call people back to the right religion.  That is it is said in Sunan Abi Dawud which is an authentic Hadeeth (4291), “Allaah sends to this community every 100 years, he who revives the religion for them.”

We said before that the prophets were opposed because they called the people to worship Allaah alone. If this was the position that the people took from their Prophets then how will it be with someone who is not a Prophet? It will be worse.

That is why if you start hearing people calling the followers of a scholar a name, giving them names or a certain scholar a name or criticizing with no proof then know that this scholar is calling to the right religion. And of those scholars is the author of the book we are going to teach,  because he was in a time where polytheism was widespread, and called the people to worshipping Allaah alone.  The author who is Mohammad Ibnu Abdil Wahaab ibni Sulaiman ibni Musharraf At’Tameemiyy, who was born in 1115 and Died 1206 AH.

~ End of Dars ~

Alhamdulillaahi Rabbil-`Aalameen wassalaatu wasalaam alaa Muhammadin Ameen.

Notes transcribed by: Aisha Bint Akram

 

QUESTION and ANSWER SESSION >>>

 Q1: if one is not a Prophet how are they being treated worse if no one after them are tested worse than the prophets Please explain.

A: I do  not see the relevance to the Test mentioned with being treated worse. How it is worse was because the Prophets had signs and miracles’ from Allaah but the scholars do not come with miracles. So, it is meant that if some ones words/d’awah was falsified, the one who would be denied more is the one without the miracles or signs. We are talking about rejection here not the Test. Secondly, the Prophets are tested worse because of their ranks. Because the more slave is closer to Allaah the more He is tested. This is another issue.

Q2: Regarding not thinking bad about Muslim brother in Islam. Generally if anyone listens to Music and disobey parents and have haram relations many other sins due to which we feel bad about them. So is this feeling of ours about them wrong?

A: These acts we believe that this is because of the ignorance of the person and his low iman. Off course this is not the call to think good about wrong/evil doers. And I mentioned thinking bad about a person has to be with a given right. So, if it is without a given right then thinking bad is a something that is wrong/bad otherwise it isn’t. But in general those fall into such sins are taken with wisdom and almost everyone has a good seed deep within, that just has to be encouraged to grow for this goodness in him to grow.

Q3 : Could there be one group of scholars after 100 years ,who call to tawhid and sunnah or only one person?

A: There could be more than one. Those scholars are not necessarily reviving in general but reviving in certain field of knowledge as An-Nawawi mentioned in his commentary on Muslim.

 

Screen Shots: (Contains the poetry from the deleted class)

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