Establishing the Principles: Fiqh & Ettiquettes – Book 1- Class 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:


  وَرُبَّ مَنْ عَقْدِي اضْطِرَاراً حَسَّنَهْ   ***    لَعَلَّنِي أَنَالُ الأَجْرَ والزِّنَهْ.

Warubba man ‘aqdi dhiraaran hassanah   ***   La’allaneey anaalul ajra wazzinah

And many people appreciated this deal of mine, out of the necessity.    ***   That I may get the reward and the heaviness of my scale.

  •   رُبَّ  means: many
  •  مَنْ   means: who; but here it means people.
  •  عَقْدِي means: my deal; meaning his exchanging Al-Akhdhariyy’s text with his poetry.
  •    اضْطِرَارا  means: out of necessity
    • the necessity he is talking about here is: the necessity of making this treatise easy to memorize by turning it into a poetry. And one of the scholars who explained this poetry said: “many people approved this deal of mine even if he was envious”; meaning, many people approved of it–even the ones who envied me; due to the people’s desperate need for it to be turned into a poetry in order to be easily memorized, because it contained many beautiful issues related to fiqh and etiquettes.
  •      حَسَّنَه  means: appreciated.
  •      لَعَلَّنِي   means: that I may.
  •     أَنَالُ    means: get.
  •     الأَجْرَ   means: reward
    • as the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) said: “Whoever guides [another] to a good deed will get a reward similar to the one who performs it.”
  •      الزِّنَه   means: heaviness
    • here it is referring to the heaviness of the scale on the Day of Judgment; so he is asking Allah to multiply his rewards for making this poetry, and to make it heavy on his scale of good deeds on the Day of Judgment.


فَالْحَمْدُللهِمُرَبِّي الْعَالَمِينْ 

FalHamdu liLaahi murabbil ‘aalameen

So (I say): All the praise is to Allah, The One bringing up the worlds – i.e. creation


  •   فَ   means: “So”; here it means: “so I start by saying…”
  •  الْحَمْدُ  means:  All praise is to Allah.
  •  مُرَبِّيmeans: the one who brings up.
    • Although it is more common to say “rabbil ‘aalameen”; the author instead expressed the meaning of “rabbi” by saying “murrabbiyy”; as the word “rabb” is taken from “murrabbiy”.
    • And the bringing up of Allah is of two types:
    1.  General: (which involves both believers and disbelievers): creating them, providing for them etc; as Allah said in 10/31 which translates to mean:   “Say (O Muhammad): “Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say: “Allah.” Say: “Will you not then be afraid of Allah’s Punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allah)?” (Quran 10: 31)    And:  “He it is Who created you, then some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers. And Allah is All-Seer of what you do” (Quran 64: 2)   And:   “And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus, grave, etc.). all is in a Clear Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz – the Book of Decrees with Allah).” (Quran 11: 6)
    2.    An Exclusive bringing up (which is only for the believers): guiding them to believing in Him; completing it for them; and moving away any obstacles between them and their eeman; as Allah said which translates to mean:  “And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqun (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abu Bakr As-Siddiq), the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” (Quran 4: 69)  And:   “Guide us to the Straight Way. The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace…”   (Quran 1: 6-7)

These two verses together prove that the greatest blessing from Allah is (being guided to) obeying Allah and His Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam).

Notes transcribed by: Sister Karimah

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

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