Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 3

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

Small Review >>>

تَمَسَّك بِحَبلِ اللهِ واتَّبِعِ الهُدَى

Hold on to the Rope of Allaah and follow the Guidance
  • تَمَسَّك : Hold on
  • بِحَبلِ الله : To the Rope of Allaah
  • What is meant here by ‘the Rope of Allaah’ is the Quraan (The Book of Allaah)
  • واتبع الهدى : And follow the Guidance
  • What does the Guidance include? The Quraan and Sunnah
  • The Guidance is the Way (the correct way which the Quraan and the Sunnah guides to)
  • The Guidance of the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم includes the Quraan and the Sunnah (his way)
  • What does the revelation include? The Quraan and the Sunnah (it covers both)
  • And this goes against a deviated sect which are called ‘Al Quraaniyyoon’, they call to only the Quraan without the Sunnah – The ruling of such group (not individually) with the unanimous agreement of the people of Knowledge is that they are disbelievers.
  • It is impossible to follow the Quraan without following the Sunnah. You cannot separate between them just as the Shahaadah of لا إله إلاّ الله and مُحَمّد رسول الله

Notes >>>

تَمَسَّك بِحَبلِ اللهِ واتَّبِعِ الهُدَى     وَلا تَكُ بِدعِيا لَعَلَّكَ تُفلِحُ

Hold on to the Rope of Allaah and Follow the Guidance        And don’t be innovative , that you may be successful
  • The relevance of this verse to the topic (Creed/’Aqeedah) is that it includes the invite to Hold on to the Quraan and the Sunnah, and the warning against opposing them
  • The scholars when they write Books in this topic, they used to first target the source of evidence from which Creed is taken
  • The source of evidence is taken from the Quraan, the sunnah and whatever is branching out from it
  • Here he (the author) started with mentioning the source to build your Creed upon – and this is the way of Ahlu-Sunnah in their books of Creed.
  • Ones you know where to take from (the sources) you will be able to differentiate between the correct source and avoid everything which is other than that. You won’t make anything else a source for you, rather you will take from the pure sound source which doesn’t have any imperfection or defect and when you do so your believe will be a perfect one, a clean one, a sound one.
  • After the author targeting the Sources of Evidence, he logically warned against whatever is in opposition, by saying: Don’t be innovative, that you may be successful
  • و : and
  • لا gets the meaning of a Negating
  • تَكُ is originally in this verse تَكُن : (to) be
  • In the Arabic Language whatever is used excessively is subjected to be shortened- Like: أش which is shortened from أي شيءخَير which is shortened from أخيرشرّ which is shortened from أشر نَاس which is shortened from أُناس etc
  • خير (better) is an comparision as Allaah سبحانه وتعالى  said:

قَالَ أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ  خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ – 38:76

 [Iblis (Satan)] said: “I am better than he, You created me from fire, and You created him from clay.”

  • بدعيا : innovative (someone who innovates a lot)
  • Whatever opposes the Quraan and the Sunnah is an innovation (bid’ah)

البِدعة Al Bid’ah Linguistically means: something new (anything new)

  • Always make a difference between the linguistic meaning and the religious meaning
  • As Allaah سبحانه وتعالى said in the Quraan:

قُلْ مَا كُنتُ بِدْعًا مِّنَ الرُّسُلِ وَمَا أَدْرِي مَا يُفْعَلُ بِي وَلَا بِكُمْ  إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ – 46:9

Say (O Muhammad ):”I am not a new thing among the Messengers (of Allah) (i.e. I am not the first Messenger) nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am but a plain warner.”

 

بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ  وَإِذَا قَضَىٰ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ – 2:117

The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it : “Be!” – and it is

  • In the two verses of Quraan the word Bid’ah has a linguistic meaning
  • That’s why the say: فُلان مُبدِع (fulaanun mubdi’/ so and so is creative)- So they call someone who is creative مبدع (he comes up with new things)- And they say: أبدَعَتِ الإبل (Abda’atil-ibl), if the camel suddenly stopped moving forward and dropped down on the floor, this is something new not a habit of that animal (to stop marching and suddenly drop down on the ground)
  • Everything that wasn’t there before and is there now is a bid’ah linguistically- So we as humans are a bid’ah, and our salaah is a bid’ah (not religiously of course)
  • ONLY Allaah is NOT a Bid’ah

البِدعة Al Bid’ah Religiously means: Something new in Religion

  • The Linguistic meaning is General and the Technical meaning is Specific
  • And in this meaning (religiously) Salaah is not a bid’ah, because this has been proved by the Quraan and the Sunnah
  • When you speak Religiously there is no such thing as a good bid’ah
  • Al Imaam Ash-shaafi’iyy said: البِدعَةُ بِدعَتَان: بِدعَةٌ مَحمُودَة وَبِدعَةٌ مَذمُومَة

البِدعَةُ بِدعَتَان : The innovation (bid’ah) is of two

بِدعَةٌ مَحمُودَةٌ : a Praised innovation

بِدعَةٌ مَذمُومَة: a Dispraised innovation

  • Ibnu Rajab in his book جامع العلوم والحكم (Jaami’ Al ‘Uloom wal Hikam) explained the saying of Imaam As-Shaafi’iyy meant by the praised bid’ah that which goes according to the Religion, and it is the Bid’ah linguistically. And by the Dispraised one that which goes against the Religion, and it is the meaning Religiously
  • As for example:

–       What is the ruling on praying night prayers (Taraweeh) together in a group in Ramadaan in a Masjid?

It is a Sunnah, Why?

Because the Prophet did it

–       ‘Omar رضي الله عنه said once about this prayer in this manner: “نِعمَتِ البِدعَةُ هَذِه” (Ni’matil bid’atu haadhi)- Meaning: “ What a good bid’ah this is ”

–       Is Night Prayer in this manner an innovation religiously for ‘Omar to say what he said? No, ofcourse not, why? Because the Prophet did it

  • نِعمت is a word of praise
  • And the meaning of the word Sunnah Religiously is: “ whatever the Prophet said, did or approved of ” Therefore since this prayer in this manner was done by the Prophet >>> it is a Sunnah
  • So if it is not the innovation Religiously which ‘Omar meant, then which innovation did he mean? He meant the linguistic meaning

 (The taraweeh prayer was prayed by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم together in a Jamaa’ah in the Masjid. The number of people started to increase and one night the prophet didn’t appear so that it wouldn’t become obligatory on the people)

  • The khaleefah after the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم is Abu Bakr and after him is ‘Omar.
  • In the middle of the khilaafah of ‘Omar he saw that the people started to pray in groups. So he decided to gather them all together behind one Imaam, and then he said: “نِعمَتِ البِدعَةُ هَذِه“. Here ‘Omar meant the linguistic meaning-
  • This is something new according to the linguistic meaning, but it is something good according to the Religion.
  • The new thing about it is that it is reviving the Sunnah (so the first one who revived this Sunnah after the Prophet did it is ‘Omar) – And this revival is something new (so this is something new in this sense, and what made ‘Omar say what he said)
  • Make a difference between the revival and the originating of the Sunnah- And this revival does not contradict what the Prophet did.

~~~End of Dars~~~

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Notes Transcribed by: Umm Sufyaan Al Maghribiyyah

From some of the Questions >>>

  • Al Qur-aaniyyoon are the same as Munkiroonal Hadeeth- And the Prophet warned against those people and he said in a hadeeth: لا أَلْفَيَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ مُتَّكِئًا عَلَى أَرِيكَتِهِ ، يَأْتِيهِ الأَمْرُ مِمَّا أَمَرْتُ بِهِ ، أَوْ نَهَيْتُ عَنْهُ ، فَيَقُولُ : لا أَدْرِي ، مَا وَجَدْنَا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ اتَّبَعْنَاهُ  “–  and at the end of this hadeeth he said: ألا إِنِي أُوتِيتُ القُرآنَ ومِثلُهُ مَعه-  ‘’ Let I not find someone laying down on his bed, comes to him a hadeeth of mine then he says I don’t know, what we found in the book of Allaah we follow it (meaning we only know what is in the Quraan and follow only that what is in it). I have been given the Quraan and something like it (meaning the Sunnah) – (Found in Abee Dawood: 4605)
  • تَكُ is not only shorted because it is in a Poetry which makes you break the ruling, but it is also used in general speech- It is even mentioned like that in the Quraan:

فَلَا تَكُ فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِّمَّا يَعْبُدُ هَـٰؤُلَاءِ  مَا يَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا كَمَا يَعْبُدُ آبَاؤُهُم مِّن قَبْلُ  وَإِنَّا لَمُوَفُّوهُمْ نَصِيبَهُمْ غَيْرَ مَنقُوصٍ – 11:109

 So be not in doubt (O Muhammad ) as to what these (pagans and polytheists) men worship. They worship nothing but what their fathers worshipped before (them). And verily, We shall repay them in full their portion without diminution.

  • The baa in بِحَبل الله  is the baa of sticking  الإلصاق (Al ilsaaq)
  • Reviving is a bid’ah linguistically
  • خير can have two meanings: ‘goodness’ – or the word which is shortened from أخير ‘better’
  • This Poetry is on the scale of: فَعُولُن مَفَاعِيلُن  فَعُولُن مَفاعِلُن # فَعُولُن مَفَاعِيلُن  فَعُولُن مَفاعِلُن  – And it is called الطّويل (At-Taweel)
  • بَدِيع means: originator

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One thought on “Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 3

  1. abu noah March 3, 2013 at 3:05 pm Reply

    Assalamalaikum
    ‘’ Let I not find someone laying down on his bad, comes to him a hadeeth of mine then he says I don’t know, what we found in the book of Allaah we follow it (meaning we only know what is in the Quraan and follow only that what is in it). I have been given the Quraan and something like it (meaning the Sunnah) – (Found in Abee Dawood: 4605)

    It is”laying down on his bed” sister.

    Walaykumus salaam wa rahmatullaah – The typo has been corrected Baarakallaahu feekum
    -S4S Admin

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