Establishing the Principles: Fiqh & Ettiquettes – Book 1- Class 4

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

أَوَّلُ وَاجِبٍ عَلَى مَنْ كُلِّفاَ # تَصْحِيحُهُ إِيمَانَهُ وَيَعْرِفَا       

 مُصْلِحَ فَرْضِ الْعَيْنِ كَالأَحْكَامِ # لِلطَّهْرِ وَالصَّلاَةِ وَالصِّيَامِ

The first obligation upon whom the command applies to, is correcting his belief; and that he knows that which corrects the individual obligations; such as the rulings of purification, prayer and fasting.

This means that the first obligation upon you is:

1) Correcting your Eemaan

2) Knowing whatever validates the acts of worship which are obligatory upon you

The obligatory is of two types:

1) The obligatory upon each and ever individual, and this is called فَرضُ عَين (Fardhu ‘ayn)

2) Obligatory upon only a group of people, to the point that they would suffice the rest, and this is called فَرضُ كِفَايَة (Fardhu kifaayah)

  •  أَوَّلُ means: the first.
  • وَاجِبٍ means: obligation; the obligatory in Islam is: the act which you get rewarded for doing and punished for leaving.
  •  كُلِّفاَ means: the one whom the command applies to; it is taken from mukallaf –which means the sane adult muslim (which is the one whom the command applies to).
  •  تَصْحِيحُهُ إِيمَانَهُ (Correcting his belief): it is knowing what is obligatory upon you to believe regarding Allah, and whatever He ordered you to believe in.

Likewise, when the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) sent Mu’ath radhiAllahu anhu) to Yemen, he (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) said: “You shall approach the people of the scripture; let the first thing you call them to be: singling out Allah…”; this is because Laa illaaha illah Allah is the most important –and the most important comes first.

The obligatory in islaam: That act which you get rewarded for doing and punished for leaving

  •  يَعْرِفَا means: and (that) he knows.
  •  مُصْلِحَ means: corrects/ mends/ fixes; it is taken from صَلَحَ.
  • فَرْضِ الْعَيْنِ means: individual obligations. And the obligations are of two types: (1)Fard ‘ayn: obligatory upon each and every individual, (2) Fard Kifaayah: obligatory only upon a group of people to the point that they would suffice the rest.
  • كَالأَحْكَام means: such as the rulings.
  •  لِلطَّهْر means: purification.
  •  الصَّلاَةِ means: prayer.
  •  الصِّيَامِ means: fasting.

وَوَاجِبٌ حِفْظُ حُدودِ الْحَيِّ # بِالْوَقْفِ عِندَ أَمْرِهِ وَالنَّهْيِ  

And obligatory is preserving the laws of the Ever-Living; by stopping at His commands and forbiddings.
  • حِفْظُ means: preserving.
  • حُدود means: boundaries; here it means laws/ rulings.
  • الْوَقْفِ means: stopping.
  • عِندَ means: at.
  •  أَمْرِهِ means: His commands.
  •  النَّهْيِ means: His forbiddings.

سُبْحَانَهُ – عَلَيْهِ بِالْمَلاَهِي # وَأَنْ يَّتُوبَ قَبْلَ سُخْطِ اللهِ

And (it is obligatory also) that he repents before deserving the wrath of Allah – Subhaanahu – … [translation to be continued next class inshaa’Allah]
  • يَّتُوبَ means: he repents.
  • سُخْطِ means: wrath
  •  سُبْحَانَهُ means: freeing Allah from every imperfection.

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله


Transcribed by: Karima Muslimah

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