Establishing the Principles: Monotheism – Book 1- Class 5

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

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We said before that human being is turning around the circle either in a ni’mah which needs thankfulness. If someone is in a test, it needs patience. If someone is in a sin, it needs seeking forgiveness.

How is one thankful?

  • By the heart.  How is one thankful by his heart?  Believing that this bounty came only from Allaah.
  • By the tongue.  How is on thankful by his tongue?  Proclaiming the grace of Allah and praising Allah. And every type of obedience which is done by the tongue is also thanking Allah.
  • By the limbs. How is one thankful by his limbs?    Being thankful by the limbs is done by being obedient to Allah.

Q: How do we justify and understand that obeying Allah is a type of being thankful to Allah?

A: We justify and understand this by investing the ni’mah which Allaah has given you because all of these body parts are given to you by Allah. So, if you put them in a right place and you facilitate them the right way than you have thanked this ni’mah. This shows that you are grateful to this ni’mah which Allaah has given you. This is why the scholars said, that the Religion is half shukrr and half patience. Because being thankfulness, it includes all types of worship. So, however you worship Allah this is being thankful to Allah because Allah created you to obey him. He created your hands to pray to him, your legs to prostrate to him, your head to place it on the ground and total humility and submissive to Allah. This body parts are created for what they were designed for which is worship.

As Allah said in Qur’aan in (51:56) which means, “And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone)”Since we know that all the duties that we do are of thankfulness than this is half of the deen because half of the deen is doing what ALLAH commanded and other half is avoiding which ALLAH has forbid which is a type of patience because human being was created inclining towards his desires. 

Allah said in (3: 14) which translates to mean, “Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him.”

And Allah also said that the human being is inclined also to sin. Allah said in Surah 12, verse 53, which translates to mean, “And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, ..”

When you avoid the sins than you are being patient and holding yourself falling into sins. We told you that patience is of three types:

  1. Patience upon obedience. 
  2. Patience against sins. 
  3. Patience with Trials. 

1-Patience upon obedience: Acts of the obedience are heavy on you because of the nature of your creation. Allah said in (2:216) which translates to mean, “Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, …”  It doesn’t mean here you hate it because ALLAH commanded it but because it is heavy upon you and involves risking your life. Leaving your wealth and family behind. So it’s hard on the human self, even as -salawat, fasting, jihad, hajj all of these acts are heavy but we make ourselves patience upon this obedience.  Allah said in 19 :65, which means, “Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, so worship Him (Alone) and be constant and patient in His worship. ..” 

2-Patience against sins: Although sins are beautified to the humankind because it goes with his desires. So, the human being is asked to abstain and pull himself back from feeding this desire of his and that which Allaah is not pleased with.  Allah said in (20:71-72) which translates to mean, “71. [Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] said: “Believe you in him [Musa (Moses)] before I give you permission? Verily! He is your chief who taught you magic. So I will surely cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I will surely crucify you on the trunks of date-palms, and you shall surely know which of us [I (Fir’aun – Pharaoh) or the Lord of Musa (Moses) (Allah)] can give the severe and more lasting torment.” 72. They said: “We prefer you not over the clear signs that have come to us, and to Him (Allah) Who created us. So decree whatever you desire to decree, for you can only decree (regarding) this life of the world.”  They stopped themselves from obeying Fir’aun. This is an example from stopping yourself from falling into sin.

3-Patience with trials:  Allah said mentioning the advice of Luqmaan to his son in ( 31: 17) which means,  “O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar(i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. ..”.

Allah afflicts those trials only upon whom He loves. As the Prophet Sal Allahu ‘Alyhe wasaalam said, “If Allah love someone He will test him …”Therefore this is the sign that Allah loves him if he is patient and if he is not patient then this is the sign that Allah doesn’t want good of him for he has deserved the wrath of Allah.

The Prophet Sal Allahu ‘Alyhe wasaalam said, “Whoever was please what Allah has afflicted on him  then for him is pleasure. The most people, who are tested are the prophets then those alike then those alike.” If Allah punish you in this worldly life that means He wants to rid you from the punishment In Hereafter. This is even known to the kuffar before Islaam. As one of the poets of jahaliyyah said,

“Don’t try to hide from Allah what is in your own self, no matter how hard you try, Allah knows it.  It will be delayed, then written in a book and saved.”

It would be saved in the Hereafter and if it is not saved He will punish you for it in this life.  Whoever is tested in this life, let him thank Allah because that means Allah want to rid him from the punishment in Hereafter. And people are with levels and more you are close to Allah the more you are tests because Allah said in (29:2-3) that which translates to mean, “2. Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: “We believe,” and will not be tested. And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test).”

Allah said also in 2:214 which means, “Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, “When (will come) the Help of Allah?” Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allah is near!”

Allah said in (3: 142) which means, “Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah tests those of you who fought (in His Cause) and (also) tests those who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.)?”

Allah said in (3:165- 166)which means, “(What is the matter with you?) When a single disaster smites you, although you smote (your enemies) with one twice as great, you say: “From where does this come to us?” Say (to them), “It is from yourselves (because of your evil deeds).” And Allah has power over all things. And what you suffered (of the disaster) on the day (of the battle of Uhud when) the two armies met, was by the leave of Allah, in order that He might test the believers.”

Allah said in (42:30)which means, “And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much. “

In (42:27) which means, “And if Allah were to enlarge the provision for His slaves, they would surely rebel in the earth, but He sends down by measure as He wills. Verily! He is in respect of His slaves, the Well-Aware, the All-Seer (of things that benefit them).” It’s not the wealth which is counted, it’s the deen. If you have deen then you don’t care about wealth.

Allah said in (10:11) which means, “And were Allah to hasten for mankind the evil (they invoke for themselves and for their children, etc. while in a state of anger) as He hastens for them the good (they invoke) then they would have been ruined. So We leave those who expect not their meeting with Us, in their trespasses, wandering blindly in distraction.”

Allah said also in (16:61)which means, “And if Allah were to seize mankind for their wrong-doing, He would not leave on it (the earth) a single moving (living) creature, but He postpones them for an appointed term and when their term comes, neither can they delay nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment).”

Allah said also in (23:99-100) which means, “Until, when death comes to one of them (those who join partners with Allah), he says: “My Lord! Send me back,“So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!” No! It is but a word that he speaks, and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected”.

Based upon this verse the scholars said everyone will wish to go back. The sinner will wish to go back to do better and the righteous wish to go back to do more righteous.It was narrated that the slave would wish that he would have not wasted a single second without mentioning Allah. That is why they say everyone will wish to return.

~ End of Dars ~

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Notes transcribed by: Aisha Bint Akram

QUESTION and ANSWER SESSION >>>

Q:  Which evidence is used to point to the deen being half thankfulness and half of patience?

A: Because thankfulness is doing the duties and patience is leaving the prohibited and doing what you were commanded and leaving what you are prohibited and this is all deen.

Q2: Please highlight Sabrun Jameelun and isnt Sayyid Istighfaar involves all what you have mentioned like Tawheed Ar Ruboobiyah,Forgiveness and Shukr?

A: As for Sabrun Jameelun I donot know what you meant. Na’aam, Sayid Istighfaar gathers all that and gathers the slave admitting his short comings.

Q3: How do we differentiate between the trial and anger?Does deprived of intelligence is also a kind of punishment or all due to ines sins right form the his young age as it says during the first stage of life in the womb Allah writes three things of which is wretched or  blessed.

A: We said if you are patient then Allah is pleased with that and if you are not then vice versa. The more sins, the more your inside is covered from the truth and the less sins that you do the more your inside will be uncovered and you will see the truth and you might do so much sins that you see the evil truth. As Allah said in (18: 103-104), “ Say (O Muhammad  ): “Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of (their) deeds? “Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life while they thought that they were acquiring good by their deeds!”

 

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