Sarf – Level 2 – Class 5

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين, أما بعد

TOPIC of todays class: Clarifying the change in meaning  from “he did”فَعَلَ (fa’ala)  to “he made do” أَفعَلَ (Af’ala)

Introduction >>>

In the previous class we took alot of verbs from this chapter:   أَفعَلَ – يُفعلُ – إفعَالا
The verbs were extracted from suurah Al-Baqarah and Ustaadhnaa also took verbs from Juz’`amma as well so that the one who already knows Juz’ `Amma will benefit just as the one who is memorizing or already knows Al-Baqarah.  Ustaadh extracted some 30 verbs from the juz’ Amma.

Bringing the three letter verb on this form with this particular meaning (Making) will change the meaning from “he did” to “he made do.”

So Ustaadh brought three letter verbs and we turned them to this form by adding the hamzah – to clarify the changing of the meaning.


Ustaadh reviewed the chapters from the three letter verbs:

        • kharaja – from chapter 1 – kharaja/yakhruju – he exited.
        • nazala – from chapter 2 – nazala/yanzilu – he descended.
        • maata- from chapter 1 maaata/yamuutu  and it is a qiyaas  where the `ayn is originally a waaw -chapter 1 is a qiyaas in this chapter (mawata/yamwutu) –  he died.
        • nabata – it grew (this is usually used for plants or hair and in some cases the teeth so we don’t say, he grew)  – from chapter 1 min baabi kharaja  nabata/yanbutu (laazim).
        • hadhara – aydan min baabu kharaja – hadhara/yahdhuru –  he attended/came/was present.  the main meaning it is used for is “the presence”  many meanings branch out from this.  expressing that something or someone was present. As in حضر في ذهني hadhara fee dhihnee  (this became present in my mind) حضر ت الصلاة  hadharatis-salaah (meaning the time for prayer has come) حضر الغداء / العَشاء (Hadharal-gadaa’u hadharal-`ashaa’u – Lunch came -was put on the table – dinner is ready …
        • Ataa – he came/it came from chapter 2 it is  a qiyaas (ataa/yatee) when the laamul kalimah is a yaa’  it is the second qiyaas –  the first qiyaas for this chapter is when the aynul-kalimah is a waaw
        • qara’a – he read/recited from chapter 3 min baabi fataha qara’a/yaqra’u
        • kathura –  it increased/became plenty chapter six –  becuase fa’ula only has one possibility – fa’ula/yaf`ulu.  it is always laazim
        • karuma – he was generous – chapter six
        • halaka- means he perished/was destroyed/was ruined/was spoiled  from chapter 2 min baabi jalasa – laazim  halaka/yahliku.

Screen Shot >>>



4 thoughts on “Sarf – Level 2 – Class 5

  1. irm irshad December 12, 2012 at 8:15 pm Reply

    Allah will give you rewards , Inshalla

  2. Umm Mohammed December 13, 2012 at 5:52 pm Reply

    As Salaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh Akhawaati fi Llah,

    may Allah reward you greatly – JazaakunnAllahu Khairan

    I benefitted so much from the notes on this pages walhamdulillah.

    I could not follow the classes live, but with the information you compiled I am still able to follow up and study the duroos.

    Your Sister in Islam

    Umm Mohammed

  3. Umm Zayd March 16, 2013 at 7:05 am Reply

    As salaam alykum. Jazakumullahu khayran katheera. The notes are helping me a lot since I wasnt able to attend live. Could you please upload the notes for class 6? If not the notes, even only the screen shots will do inshaAllah. I am not able to listen to the recording due to some error. barakAllahi feekum.

    • sarf4sisters March 16, 2013 at 1:19 pm Reply

      Walaykumus salaam wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh

      Alhamdulillaah, may Allaah forgive us and increase us all in goodness. Inshaa’Allaah we can have those ASAP, jazaakillaahu khayran for the reminder!

      Umm Omar

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