بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:
Further Explanation of Previous Lesson >>>
In the previous class we talked about several issues:
The truth has been completely clarified as the Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) did not die except after AllaahSubhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa completing his religion for him and for his ummah. (5/3)
- The Jews envied the Muslims for this particular verse (5/3), and this is mentioned in the hadeeth in Al-Bukhaariyy that the Jews came to `Umar radhiyyallaahu `anhu and said: “There is a verse in your book which you read, if to us it was revealed, we would have taken that day as a celebration…” Because this is something big – Surely the first thing any nation would be happy with is to be happy with the fact that their religion is perfected- perfect – not needing any addition or deduction.
- Ibn Abbaas Radhiyyallaahu` anhu said “Allah informed His prophet and the believers that he has completed for them the Eemaan…” – The eemaan here takes the general meaning of “ad-Deen” because “Al-eemaan” has two meanings: It can mean “Ad -Deen” (the religion) sometimes the word eemaan is said and what is meant from it is the whole religion, as in the hadeeth in Al-Bukhaariyy when a group came to him asking, “Oh Messenger of Allaah give us a clear order that we may convey to our people.” so the Prophet Sallaahu alayhi wassalaam said: ” I command you to do four and forbid you to do four … I command you to believe (bil-eemaani) in Allaah. And he said, “do you know what is to believe in Allaah?” And they said, “Allaah and His Messanger know best .”, so he said it is the witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messanger of Allaah and performing the prayer …” And we know these to be the pillars of Islam not the pillars of eemaan (belief) so eemaan here has the general meaning which is the meaning of Ad-Deen.
And in another hadeeth recorded in Al Bukhaariyy and Muslim, where the Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said, “Eemaan has sixty or seventy something parts. The highest of it (these parts) is the saying: `La ilaaha illallaah’ (here the saying itself was made a part of eemaan) and the lowest is the removal of obstacles from the way. (this is an action of the limbs) And shyness is a part of eemaan.” – So this hadeeth shows that “eemaan” could be used for the general meaning – meaning “the religion” and this is what Ibn Abbaas meant when he said, “completed for them the eemaan.” And if you keep reading after the verse (5/3), you will come across a verse (5/5) that says which means: “Whoever disbelieves in eemaan than his acts have been nullified …” Here “eemaan” means, “the religion.”
Continuing with the statement of Ibn Abbaas: “…so they are in no need of an addition ever and Allah has completed it so he will never deduct from it ever and He is pleased with it so he is not displeased with it ever.” This is the biggest Ni`mah – Our Deen. No other ni`mah is counted without the ni`mah of the Deen. That is why Allaah Subhaanahu wa taalaa pointed out to that fact in two surahs: In suurah al-Faatihah which means: “The Path of those on whom you have bestowed Your Grace…” (1/7) Here He did not mention what is that which He has bestowed on them, he mentioned it in Suurah An-Nisaa which means: “Bestowed on them the blessing of what? Here He did not mention what is that which he has bestowed on them but He mentioned it in Suurah An-Nisaa which means: And whoso obeys Allaah and the Messenger (Muhammad), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allaah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiquun, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” (4/69).
So this ni`mah is the ni`mah of obeying Allaah and His Messanger – the ni`mah of the Deen (religion) which means there is no bigger ni`mah than the ni`mah of the religion. Also in Suurah An-Nahl (which is called Suurah An-Ni`m as suwar have different names like Al-Faatihah is called Suuratul-Hamd, Ummul-Kitaab etc and other suurahs like Suurah Muhammad is called Suratul-Qitaal. One of the names of Syurah An-Nahl is “Suuratun-Ni`m” which means “Suurah of Blessings –النعم An-Ni`m is the plural of النعمة (an-ni`mah). Suurah An-Nahl is called as such because in the suurah, Allaah mentions many of His Bounties ad His Blessings upon His creation. The scholars have said that in this suurah He started with the biggest blessing of all. Allaah Ta’Aala said which means: The Commandment ordained by Allaah will come to pass, so seek not to hasten it. Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate as partners with Him. Then He said mentioning the first ni`mah He has sent down to His creation (which means): He sends down the angels with Ruh (revelation) of His Command to whom of His slaves He wills (saying): “Warn mankind that Laa ilaaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so fear Me (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds). (16/1-2) This is the biggest ni`mah of all “laa Ilaaha Illa Allaah.”
4. Another point that was mentioned ( and these points are unanimously agreed upon self evident principles all agreed upon by the scholars.) was that the differing was bound to happen – it is the way of Allaahin [with] His creation.
5. The Prophet Sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam left no good except that he has called us to it and he left no evil except that he has warned us against it.
One of the things that the Prophet Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam warned us against in many many Aahaadeeth of his is dividing and differing.
The verses on this were many and mentioned in the last class and in this class will be mentoned the Aahaadeeth.
New Material >>>
Hadeeth 1: (Al-Bukhaariyy #7320, Muslim #2669 and others)
The Prophet said, “You shall follow the ways of those before you …” Ustaadh asked the students what we can understand from this directly. Some answers were:
… we will follow the steps of the ancestors
… some of us will not worship Allah alone
… the jews and chirsitans traditions will be followed
… copying others
… people will follow other paths
… deviation is coming
… some of us will follow the salaf some of us will not so differences will occur.
The interesting part of this hadeeth is next: “…even if they were to enter into a a lizards hole, you shall do so too.” What do we understand from this? Some answers were:
… blindly following
… even we shall follow the smallest deviation
… we will follow them no matter if it takes us to destruction
… to imitate them even in the bad
… you will bring the same troubles on you by commiting same mistakes
Our teacher asks us for our understandings as a way of encouraging us to use our hearts and minds that Allaah has blessed us with to ponder . Allaah sSubhaanahu wa Ta’Aala said (which means): (This is) a Book (the Qur’aan) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understandingmay remember. (Sad 38/29) This way (of teaching us) and of letting us reach to it is letting us to have our share of pondering…
the answers by students were very close, maashaa’Allaah. The scholars have said that “entering the lizards hole” is metophorical for following them in the silliest and most insignificant things that they do.
Then the companions asked “…Oh Messenger of Allaah ! The Jews and the Christians?!” The Prophet (sallalaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Who else.”
What is the greatest benefit we can take from this (From knowing that we will do alot of the things that they will do)? The scholars have said, based upon this, that we understand two things:
Everything which Allaah has mentioned in the Qur’aan about the acts of the Jews and Christians, is for us to avoid. Meaning don’t think that Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aala mentioned all of the bad things that they did for us to enjoy it as a story that happened long ago and that it is not going to happen to us. They are mentioned as a warning to us not to follow their steps. Basically everything that Allaah mentioned about the Jews and the Christians in the Quraan is an indirect forbidding that we do the same. Some examples are when Allaah said which means: “they exchanged the verses for a paltry price…” this is a warning to the Muslims to not do the same. And when He mentions in Quran that the Jews and Christians changed the verses that Allaah sent down to them, this means Muslims should not do the same. And Allaah says which means: “and whoever does not judge according to the rule of Allaah, those are disbelievers.” That means you Muslims judge only according to the rulings of Allaah – do not make what is halal haram and what is haram halal. The Jews and Christians left the ruling of Allaah and started making impermissible what was permissible and vice versa. They chaged the rulings according to their desires. Is this for us to say, “yes this happened with people long ago but if we do it we dont get the same rulings?” No – this is a warning to us as well. We must judge only by the rulings of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).And the clearest and nearest example is where Allaah says in Suurah Al-Faatihah which means: “… other than the path of those who have earned your anger or the path of those who went astray…” Meaning don’t think that you will never deserve the wrath of Allaah – that if you have the knowledge but don’t act on it as the Jews did that you will not earn the wrath of Allaah, or don’t think that if you act without knowledge that you will not be described as someone who went astray as the Christians did… we are ordered to read this verse several times in a day (at least 17 times in the five daily salawaat) – to remember and be aware of falling into what happened to the people befor you.
Every sin or deviation which the Jews or Christians have committed, you will find in the Ummah of Muhammad (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) those who will do the same. This is according to the hadeeth – you will follow the way of those before you even to the most insignificant act they did. and in another narration it is said “you will follow thier footsteps step by step…” Today we see a lot of Muslims imitating them celebrating New Year, Christmas, birthdays … to the extent that you might visit a Christian wedding and you wouldn’t find any difference to the Muslim wedding – to that extent (inviting singers, putting out dance floors … is this from our religion or our traditions – no it is not.) These deviations are not restricted to a specific country or location, rather they are widespread and you will find them wherever you may be. Of course the minkar will be lessened when you go to a place where there are more scholars (righteous scholars)On top of this deviation there is the hadeeth of the Rasool (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam)…
Hadeeth 2: (Al-Bukhaariyy #3640)
The Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) said: “There shall always be a group of my nation upon the truth. Whoever tries to put them down shall do no harm to them until the command of Allaah comes and they are upon it.”
Does this not mean that the truth is clear ? And with the truth being clear does this not mean that there is one group of people who are upon the truth and not many? And does this not mean that we have to strive to search for it?
HAdeeth #3 (At-Tirmidhee #2641)
The Prophet (Sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said: “What has befallen the children of Israel shall surely befall my people step by step – even if it was of them who would openly approach his mother (sexually), there would be of my nation people who would do it. “
This explains further the first hadeeth above. Not only in the minor deviations but in the major ones – in the most disgusting things. Then he said,
“…The children of Israel have divided into 72 sects, and my nation shall divide into 73 sects – all of them are in the Helffire except one. They said: “Who are they O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Those who are what I am upon and my companions.”
Does this not say it all? What more do we want as clear proofs? Does this hadeeth not clarify clearly who is the Saved Sect? That they are the ones who follow the companions of the Prophet (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam). This Hadeeth proves beautiful benefits.
1.) The first benefit is that the way of the Prophet (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam) and his companions is one way. This means that hiss way and his comapanions way is one way.
2.) The meaning of this hadeeth was narrates by the authority of many companions from them:, Abdullah Ibnu Amr, Abu Hurayrah, Muawiyyah, Amr ibnu Awf and others…
Next class will be the mention of the beginning of the deviation which was the deviation of Shaytaan, then the mentioning of the first shirk which happened on the face of this earth which is the shirk of worship, then when the first shirk happened in the Ummah of Muhammad (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam). , then when the deviation of the Names and Attributes happened in this Ummah of Muhammad (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam), then when the first deviation from the jama`ah of the Porphet (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam) happened and also the five grand heads of deviated sects: The Khawaarij, the jahmiyyah, the Shi`a, The Qadariyyah, the Mu’tazilah … Inshaa’allaah. (all of those deviated sects which the Prophet (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam) spoke about claim they are on Islaam! So throughout these lessons coming we will learn how it reached to a point where the people of knowledge had to clarify who was upon the correct Islaam.
– End of Dars –
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله
From the Questions >>>
- The difference is of two types: A difference that does not lead to division and that differencing is not dispraised. But here we are talking about the differences that lead to division. Differencing about where to place the hands in the salah does not lead to division but the difference in whether Abu Bakr is a beleiver or not certainly does lead to division. even the differences that dont lead to divsiion which the companions had – they were immediately and promptly solved. they would gather together and ask each other then the dispute would quickly be solved. So there are differences that don’t affect at all and those that do – those that do are differnces in` Aqeedah.
- The children of Israel includes Jews and Christians
- The Ummah of Muhammad includes all of the people after he was sent (including all non-Muslims) but they are two types: Ummah of Ijabah are those who responded to the call of the prophet in general and these who are meant in the hadeeth of those dividng into sects. Other than that is Ummatud-Dawah – those who are called …
- Sometimes a hadeeth is saheeh but has a different understanding because it gives more than one possible meaning.
Notes Transcribed by: Umm Omar Al-Amreekiyyah