Establishing the Principles: Fiqh & Ettiquettes – Book 1- Class 9

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:


The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) said: “When the son of Adam enters day, all of his body parts humble themselves  before the tongue, saying: ‘Fear Allah, for we are only taken in account of what you utter; if you are upright, so will we be; and if you transgress, so will we.’” (Tirmidhi, no. 2407)

And one of the pious predecessors said: “My tongue is a beast; if I let it loose it will eat me.”

Maalik ibn Deenar said: “If you notice a harshness in your heart, and a weakness in your body, and a restriction in provision; then know that you have spoken in that which does not concern you”;  meaning, if you notice that your heart became harsh and free of mercy, and you became weak with regards to acts of worship, and your provision became restricted; then know that this is of the consequences and results of letting your tongue loose in that which doesn’t concern you.

It was narrated in Saheeh Muslim that a man said: “By Allah, Allah will not forgive so and so.” So then Allah said: “Who is this who dares to swear that I won’t forgive so and so; I hereby forgive him, and corrupted your deeds.”   Shaykh Al-Fawzan said commenting on this hadeeth: “This is one word, which has resulted in the corruption of his deeds; because he was daring, and being disrespectful with Allah. That is why Abu Hurayrah (radhiAllahu anhu) said: ‘He said a word which ruined his life, and his Hereafter.’


The most severe of the dangers of the tongue (are):

  • Polytheism;  associating other than Allah with Him in Du’aa by asking that which only Allah can do as Allah said (that which means):

“And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allah, any other ilah (god), of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! Al-Kafirun (the disbelievers in Allah and in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, pagans, idolaters, etc.) will not be successful.” (Quran 23: 117)

  • Giving vows to other than Allah as Allah said (that which means):

“They (are those who) fulfill (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.” (Quran: 76: 7)

  • Speaking about Allah with no knowledge as Allah said (that which means):

“Say, ‘My Lord has only forbidden immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed – and sin, and oppression without right, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down authority, and that you say about Allah that which you do not know.”  (Quran 7: 33)

and Ibnul Qayyim said about this verse, after mentioning  Allah  went gradually from the smaller sins to the bigger (sins), (in reference to the servants)  he said: “There is no polytheism except from saying things about Allah with no knowledge.” And Allah said  (that which means):

 “And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be questioned.” (Quran 17: 36)

  • Permitting that which is impermissible and vice versa as Allah said (that which means):

“And do not say about what your tongues assert of untruth, “This is lawful and this is unlawful,” to invent falsehood about Allah . Indeed, those who invent falsehood about Allah will not succeed.” (Quran 16:116)


“…Those will have lost who killed their children in foolishness without knowledge and prohibited what Allah had provided for them, inventing untruth about Allah . They have gone astray and were not [rightly] guided.” (Quran 6: 140).


Of the signs of eeman is the increase in mentioning Allah; and of the signs of hypocrisy is the little mentioning of Allah as Allah said (that which means):

“Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up for As-Salat (the prayer), they stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little” (Quran 4: 142)


“… and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allah during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawafil prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).” (Quran 33: 35)

Therefore, if you want to speak more, then let it be with the invocations, reading of the Quran – and this is the best – , teaching beneficial knowledge, adjusting matters among the people, preaching, enjoining good and forbidding evil; and there are many options.


(And of the dangers of the tongue is) Excessive talk: (it) hardens the heart, because it makes one in heedlessness of Allah’s remembrance; and if so, then his heart will become harsh; and the furthest of hearts away from Allah is the hard one, which doesn’t soften by the mentioning of Allah as Allah said(that which means):

“Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) to be affected by Allah’s Reminder (this Quran), and that which has been revealed of the truth, lest they become as those who received the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] before (i.e. Jews and Christians), and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened? And many of them were Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).” (Quran 57: 16)

So the heart hardens, even though it is a tender piece of flesh; but it hardens, until it becomes hard as a rock, as Allah said (that which means):

“Then, after that, your hearts were hardened and became as stones or even worse in hardness. And indeed, there are stones out of which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which split asunder so that water flows from them, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.” (Quran 2:74)


الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Transcribed by: Karima Muslimah

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