Establishing the Principles: Fiqh & Ettiquettes – Book 1- Class 10

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

Continuing with the Dangers of the Tongue >>>

Our Ustaadh is taking several lessons to clarify the dangers of the tongue for surely we need to remedy this in several sessions so that we realize the significance of what we fall into and the consequences of what we engage our tongues in and often lose control.  The dangers of the tongue are plenty – it rushes to the tongue and the tongue doesn’t find it heavy,   rather one might find a taste of it in the heart and is pushed to it by the devil and human nature once it starts.

It was narrated by the authority of Ash-Shaqeeq (one of the followers) that Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (radhiAllahu `anhu) was uttering at’talbiyah [i.e. la bayka allahuma la bayk] on as’Saffa, and he said: “O tongue! Say good and you shall gain [good]; remain silent and you shall be safe, before you become sorry” So they said to him: “Oh Abaa ‘AbdirRahmaan, is this something you say, or something you have heard?” He replied: “Nay! But I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) saying: ‘Most of the sins of the son of Adam are in his tongue!’”

    • In his tongue meaning:  “gained by his tongue”

How was the tongue of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam)?

 Anas (radhiAllahu anhu) said: “I haven’t touched silk smoother than the palm of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam), neither have I smelt a scent better than the Messenger’s (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam); and I have served the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) for 10 years, and he hasn’t said to me  ‘uff’ ever; neither has he said about something I did ‘why did you do it?’, nor about something I didn’t do: ‘why didn’t you do it?’”

Ustaadh is giving us many authentic hadeeth about this topic which goes to show how weighty it is.

It was narrated that the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) was of long silence, and little laughter.

And the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) said: “There isn’t a part of the body not complaining of the tongue’s sharpness.”

    • Meaning the one who is of a wicked tongue and an indecent or obcene language, there isnt a part of his body not complaining of his tongues sharpness

Mujaahid (the student of Ibn Abbaas) said: “They used to settle of speech with the little.”

Haatim Al-Asumm said: “If a writer was to sit with you taking down all your words, you would’ve taken much caution [of what you say]; and your words are about to be brought before Allah, and you take no caution!”

Ma’ruf Al-Karkhiyy said: “The slave talking in what doesn’t concern him, is a misguiding from Allah.”

And one of them said: “The tongue is a snake, to which the mouth is a dwelling.”

Going back to another important hadeeth of the Rasool  (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam):

The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) said: “Of the best submission [to Allah] of a person, is leaving off what doesn’t concern him.”

    • What is considered of the total submissiveness to Allaah i that you do not engage your self with that which doesnt concern you.

One of the scholars said: “And know that if you ask someone of that which doesn’t concern you, you have not only wasted your time, but also drove the one you have asked to waste his time by answering; and it might be that you sometimes ask someone saying: “where were you?”, and he hates to tell it to you; then if he says the truth, it will annoy him, and if he lies he will fall into sin.”

    • All of this would be because of you asked what does not concern you.
    • It does not concern you to ask someone that you meet:  Where were you, what did you do, etc…
    • Maybe someone does not eamt t mention what they were doing or where they were …
    • As it was mentioned that someone once asked Abu Hanifa about his age, and he replied to them: “Mind your own business.”

Another of the dangers of the tongue is: excessive talk

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (radhiAllahu anhu) said: “I warned you of excessive talk; it is sufficient for any of you, what serves his purpose.”

    • Meaning what serves the purpose is enough –  don’t over do it.

Ataa’ ibnu Rabaah said: “Those before you used to hate excessive talk. Aren’t any of you ashamed of his sheet [of what his tongue earned] from the beginning of his day; that most of what is in it doesn’t concern his worldly life neither his hereafter?”

    • The sheet being the record  that which you will receive on Yawma Qiyaamah as in Surah 18/49:

وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ فَتَرَى الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ وَيَقُولُونَ يَا وَيْلَتَنَا مَالِ هَـٰذَا الْكِتَابِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةً وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّا أَحْصَاهَا ۚ وَوَجَدُوا مَا عَمِلُوا حَاضِرًا ۗ وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدً

And the Book (one’s Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of Allah, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah), and you will see the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.), fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They will say: “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!” And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice.

 Ibn Jawzi (rahimahullah) said: “Excessive talk includes: engaging into what doesn’t concern you; speaking more than what is necessary in what does concern you; and whenever the purpose is served by two words, then the third is excess talk –unless you want to emphasize it, then it is a valid cause.”

Umar ibn Abdil -‘Azeez said: “It sure stops me from much of talk, the fear of pride.”

    • Meaning the fear of being fond of himself and what he would say

Another of the dangers of the tongue is: Engaging in falsehood

Ibn Jawzi (rahimahullah) gave examples to this, he said: “like speaking about sins; like mentioning the drinking hours or encounters of the evil doers.”  (like this man once did this and this and he had an affair with a woman and did this and did that …)

Alqamah used to say: “So much talk, what prevented me from saying it, is the hadeeth of Bilaal”; which is the hadeeth regarding the word which is said by a person without precaution which causes him to be thrown in the Hellfire further than what is between the east and the west.

The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) said: “Of the signs of the last hour is Al-fuhsh (indecency)” – and indecency of the tongue falls under this category.

Continuing with the Text >>>

   وَالْحِفْظُ لِلِّسَانِ عَنْ صَرِيحِ      فُحْشِ وَكُلّ كَلِمٍ قَبِيحِ     

And preserving of the tongue from open obscene language; and from every wretched talk.

  •   الحفظ means: the preserving.
  •  لسان means: tongue.
  •   صريح is something which is said openly and directly or frankly etc.
  • الفحش is obscene or indecent language; such as one describing what he did in the restroom instead of merely saying he was using the restroom.
  •  كلّ means: every.


الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Transcribed by: Karima Muslimah

Screen Shots >>>

FE 10.1

FE 10.2


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