Establishing the Principles: Arabic – Sarf – Book 1 – Class 50

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

Review >>>

  • فَعِلَ has to possibilities it is either combined with يَفعَلُ and that is considered a Qiyaas, because the rule says that the harakah of the ‘ayn of the Maadhee should be different then the harakah of the ‘ayn in the Mudaari’.  The second possibility which wit hit is combined is considered شُذُوذ (oddity) meaning شَاذّ (odd), because it doesn’t go according to the rule
  • يُعتَبَرُ شَاذٌّ / شُذُوذ (yu’tabaru shaadh/shudhoodh – It is cosidered odd/ oddity)
  • The verbs on the scale of فَعِلَ which could be used with يَفعِلُ are 33 – And saying ‘it could be’ doesn’t mean it can’t be used in other than يَفعِلُ
  • Out of those 33 there are 13 which can be used in multiple usage – so on top that you can use them with يَفعِلُ you can also use them with يَفعَلُ – And here we say it has two ways  وَجهَان

 

Notes >>>

حَسِبَ – يَحسَبُ / يَحسِبُ

Allaah سبحانه وتعالى  said:

 أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَن يُتْرَكُوا أَن يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ

Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: “We believe,” and will not be tested. [29:4]

 

 أَمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّا لَا نَسْمَعُ سِرَّهُمْ وَنَجْوَاهُم بَلَىٰ وَرُسُلُنَا لَدَيْهِمْ يَكْتُبُونَ

Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their private counsel? (Yes We do) and Our Messengers (appointed angels in charge of mankind) are by them, to record. [43:80]

  • Here you can see that حَسِبَ came with يَحسَبُ in the Quraan- And the best way is to use it with يَحسَبُ since this combination is according to the Asl (rule, it is how it should be)

 

Conjugation of حَسِبَ  in the Maadhee

 

فَعِلتُ                                                         حَسِبتُ

فَعِلنَا                                                         حَسِبنَا

فَعِلتَ                                                        حَسِبتَ

فَعِلتِ                                                         حَسِبتِ

فَعِلتُمَا                                                       حَسِبتُما

فَعِلتُم                                                         حَسِبتُم

فَعِلتُنَّ                                                        حَسِبتُنَّ

فَعِلَ                                                            حَسِبَ

فَعِلَتْ                                                         حَسِبَتْ

فَعِلاَ                                                            حَسِبَا

فَعِلَتَا                                                          حَسِبَتَا

فَعِلُوا                                                         حَسِبُوا

فَعِلنَ                                                         حَسِبنَ

 

Conjugation of حَسِبَ  in the Mudaari’

It can  be with a fatha on the ayn or a kasrah on the ‘ayn يَحسَبُ / يَحسِبُ  – And the one which is more fluent ( أَفصَحُ) is the one with a fathah on the ‘ayn يَحسَبُ

أَفعِلُ                                                           أَحسَبُ

نَفعِلُ                                                              نَحسَبُ

تَفعِلُ                                                              تَحسَبُ

تَفعِلِينَ                                                          تَحسَبِينَ

تَفعِلاَنِ                                                          تَحسَبَانِ

تَفعِلُونَ                                                         تَحسَبُونَ

تَفعِلنَ                                                         تَحسَبنَ

يَفعِلُ                                                              يَحسَبُ

تَفعِلُ                                                              تَحسَبُ

يَفعِلاَنِ                                                          يَحسَبَانِ

تَفعِلاَنِ                                                          تَحسَبَانِ

يَفعِلُونَ                                                        يَحسَبُونَ

يَفعِلنَ                                                          يَحسَبنَ

 

حَسِبتَ

Allaah سبحانه وتعالى  said:

 أَمْ حَسِبْتَ أَنَّ أَصْحَابَ الْكَهْفِ وَالرَّقِيمِ كَانُوا مِنْ آيَاتِنَا عَجَبًا

Do you think that the people of the Cave and the Inscription (the news or the names of the people of the Cave) were a wonder among Our Signs? [18:9]

  • هَذَا أفصَحُ : This is more fluent (stronger in laguage)

 

Vocabulary

Chapter five فَعِلَ – يَفعِلُ

 

حَسِبَ – يَحسَبُ / يَحسِبُ

He thought – he thinks

 

وَغَرَ – يَوغَرُ / يَغِرُ

His heart was filled with rage/hate (against someone)

  • In Arabic they say: تَوَقَّدَ عَلَيه مِنَ الغَيظ  (tawaqqada ‘alayhi minal ghaydh/ His heart was filled/flaming  with rage)

 

وَحِرَ – يَوحَرُ / يَحِرُ

He was extremely angry (with someone)

 

نَعِمَ – يَنعَم / يَنعِمُ

It was pleasant/ delightful

 

بَئِسَ – يَبأَسُ / يَبئِسُ

He became in great need/poverty

 

يَئِسَ – يَيأَسُ / يَيئِسُ

He gave up/despaired

  • As Allaah سبحانه وتعالى   said:

 يَا بَنِيَّ اذْهَبُوا فَتَحَسَّسُوا مِن يُوسُفَ وَأَخِيهِ وَلَا تَيْأَسُوا مِن رَّوْحِ اللَّـهِ إِنَّهُ لَا يَيْأَسُ مِن رَّوْحِ اللَّـهِ إِلَّا الْقَوْمُ الْكَافِرُونَ

“O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yusuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.” [12:87]

وَلِهَ – يَولَهُ / يَلِهُ

He was about to lose his mind (due to his extreme sadness in losing a loved thing/one)

 

يَبِسَ – يَيبَسُ / يَيبِسُ

It dried

 

وَهِلَ – يَوهَلُ / يَهِلُ

He weakened/feared/forgot

 

وَلِغَ – يولَغُ / يَلِغُ

It lapped

 

 

وَبِقَ – يَوبَقُ / يَبِقُ

He perished/fell into destruction

 

وَحِمَتْ – تَوحَمُ / تَحِمُ

She craved (certain food during her pregnancy)

 

وَزِعَ – يَوزَعُ / يَزِعُ

He prevented (him)

  • Is مُتَعَدٍّ

 

وَرِثَ – يَرِثُ

He inherited

 

وَلِيَ – يَلِي

He neared/supported/received authority

 

وَرِمَ – يَرِمُ

It swelled

  • وَرَمٌ : a swelling

 

وَرِعَ – يَرِعُ

He became pious;  He abstained (from something)

 

وَمِقَ – يَمِقُ

He loved/liked

 

وَفِقَ – يَفِقُ

It went accordingly/correctly

 

وَثِقَ – يَثِقُ

He trusted

 

وَرِيَ – يَرِي

It ignited/was lit;  it filled

 

وَجِدَ – يَجِدُ

He loved him very much; He grieved very much

 

وَعِقَ – يَعِقُ

He rushed

 

وَرِكَ – يَرِكُ

He lied down on his side

 

 

وَكِمَ – يَكِمُ

He was displeased

 

وَقِهَ – يَقِهُ

He obeyed

 

وَعِمَ – يَعِمُ

He saluted

 

طَاحَ – يَطِيحُ

He neared destruction

 

تَاهَ – يَتِيهُ

He became arrogant/confused

 

وَطِئَ – يَطِئُ

He stomped on something

 

وَسِعَ – يَسِعُ

It fitted

 

وَهِمَ – يَهِمُ

He fell into a conjecture

 

آنَ – يَئِينُ

Its time has come

 

~~~ End of Dars ~~~

الله تعالى أعلم والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Notes transcribed by: Umm Sufyaan Al Maghribiyyah

Screen Shot:

Tasreeful 'izziyy 50-1

2 thoughts on “Establishing the Principles: Arabic – Sarf – Book 1 – Class 50

  1. azra February 15, 2013 at 9:28 am Reply

    es salamu alikum to all my dear sisters ,may ALLAH bless all of you for your work those notes are very useful .This sarf test that will be in 3 weeks IN SHA ALLAH will be my first exam so can someone give me some information about that and where I can finde the work sheets .

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