Establishing the Principles: Monotheism – Book 1- Class 12

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:


In Previous class we were explaining ‘Ibaadah and we said that the act of worship is every which Allaah loves and is pleased with and we said that to know what is an act of worship is in 3 ways :

  • If Allaah commands it.
  • If Allah mentions reward to it.
  • If Allaah praises one who does it.


 فَإِذَا عَرَفتَ أَنَّ اللهَ خَلَقَكَ لِعِبَادَتِهِ فَاعلَم أَنَّ العِبَادَةَ لا تُسَمَّى عِبَادَةً إِلَّا مَعَ التَّوحِيدِ

 This ‘Ibaadah, if we know a certain act is an act of worship the general principle of Tawheed is that “Directing an act of worship to other than Allaah, is a major polytheism.”   If it happens that an act of worship is directed to other than Allaah with Him, then to Allaah this is not considered an act of worship rather it is considered an act of shirk which we have written on board last time.  That He is furthest of all away having partner. Then Allaah said in that hadith that whoever shared an act with other than Allaah then Allaah will leave him and his shirk (meaning his act of his).  Allah called it a shirk;  this means it’s no longer considered to Allaah an act of worship although its act of worship in picture.  That is why author said, “Then know that worship is not considered ( called) worship except with Tawheed.”

كَمَا أَنَّ الصَّلَاةَ لَا تُسَمَّى صَلَاةً إِلَّا مَعَ الطَّهَارَةِ،

Just as prayer is not regarded as such as prayer except if it is based on purification,”

Now he is giving example like Salah.

Is prayer called a prayer without ablution? No. Because, the prayer is only valid if you are upon a wudu meaning cleansing of certain body parts. Without this you cannot pray and if you pray that prayer is not considered prayer and this isn’t restricted only to purification. It also includes every other condition to prayer. Example:

  • If you pray bare naked without an excuse. It is invalid.
  • If you pray other than the direction of Qiblah then prayer is not valid.
  • And if you pray with wrong intention.

And the above examples mentioned, all mean this is not even considered act of prayer.  Not only has this gone to conditions but also obligations which are pillars of prayer.

Example: If one prays without his body resting at the station. If you bow down then you sit up and when you sit up your body has to stop the movement and rest your body at every station.  If it doesn’t that means you are moving. If you don’t stop then your Salah isn’t valid.  Sitting, Bowing, Prostrating and standing all are stations where you rest or stop for a moment.

As in one Hadeeth of Prophet regarding a man praying but not resting at those stations we mentioned above. When person finished prayer and said his Salaam to prophet and prophet returned his salaam and said, “Go back and pray! For you haven’t prayed.” This person looked like he was praying which is an act of worship. So Prophet said, “Go back and you haven’t prayed”. So how it is possible that he prayed but prophet said you haven’t prayed?  He went back and prayed and came back to prophet. Prophet replied with what he replied with first time. Then he went back to pray and then he came back to Prophet and this happened thrice. Then he said to Prophet, “Please teach me how to pray”. So He taught him. And this is only when he didn’t pray correctly, what will you imagine will be the case with the prayer in beginning being directed to other than Allaah. So definitely here it is worthier of having such a ruling of invalidity. So this is what is meant that an act of worship is not considered without monotheism just as prayer is not considered act of prayer without purification.

The he (the author) said,

فَإِذَا دَخَلَ الشِّركُ فِي العِبَادَةِ فَسَدَت، كَالَحدَثِ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الطَّهَارَة

 ‘So, if Polytheism entered the worship, it is corrupted, just as if ‘al hadath’ (which is an act negating your purification) entered purification.

If Shirk entered into the worship it corrupts it. ( How?) Just as Al-Hadath.  What is Al Hadath?

Al Hadath is a certain state which prevents you from doing whatever Wudu is a condition to doing.

Example : Someone did his Wudu so he can pray now. Before he prayed he broke wind, so he is in a state which prevents him form praying. He broke his wudu.  This is called Al Hadath. It is an attribute and not something physical.  وصف قأم بلبدن which means An attribute which exist in the body.  This attribute prevents you from praying and doing anything which Wudu is a condition to doing.

The difference between An-Najaasa and Al Hadath

Because the impurity is the impure thing in itself. The wind itself, urine or blood etc. That is An-Najaasa. Otherwise Al Hadath is another thing which is what happens after the impurity comes out. Al Hadath is the result to the exiting of the impurity.

Now you did Wudu but Hadath come in to your Taharah.  So purity (Taharah) is corrupted by Al Hadath. Because, you have to do Wudu again. Same thing as Shirk. If Shirk enters into Monotheism it nullifies the worship just as Hadath nullifies the purity.

فَإِذَا عَرَفتَ أَنَّ الشِّركَ إِذَا خَالَطَ العِبَادَةَ أَفسَدَهَا وَ أَحبَطَ العَمَلَ وَ صَارَ صَاحِبُهُ مِنَ الخَالِدِينَ فِي النَّارِ،

So if you know that Ash-Shirk if it got mixed with the worship it corrupts it and nullifies the deeds and the one doing it becomes of the eternally dwelling in the hell-fire. You will know then that the most important thing upon you is to know that: what polytheism is.

Here the author started mentioning the dangers of shirk which we have mentioned it to you in the principles we have given.

New Muslims entering in Islaam it’s very important to know what polytheism is. What are the things if I do, I will be considered doing an act of polytheism and why? Because the act of polytheism is the only act which is not forgiven, which nullifies all the deeds, and which causes you to dwell forever in hellfire then he who is wise will say to himself this is the first sin I should learn about.  This is the person who is sensible and if he uses his mind and if he becomes logical with himself away from any emotions or desires then he will say this is the first I will know.  This is the most severe crime which is the right of Allaah. What is the worthier of knowing first? The rights of the creation or the right of Allaah? The right of Allaah that is why Allah started with it with the verses of Qur’aan in Surah An-Nisa verse 36,

وَٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَلَا تُشۡرِكُواْ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا‌ۖ وَبِٱلۡوَٲلِدَيۡنِ إِحۡسَـٰنً۬ا وَبِذِى ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ وَٱلۡيَتَـٰمَىٰ وَٱلۡمَسَـٰكِينِ وَٱلۡجَارِ ذِى ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ وَٱلۡجَارِ ٱلۡجُنُبِ وَٱلصَّاحِبِ بِٱلۡجَنۢبِ وَٱبۡنِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتۡ أَيۡمَـٰنُكُمۡ‌ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَن ڪَانَ مُخۡتَالاً۬ فَخُورًا

   “ Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful;”

The right of parents (creation) came after.  and in Surah Al Baqarah verse 285,

ءَامَنَ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡهِ مِن رَّبِّهِۦ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ‌ۚ كُلٌّ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَتِهِۦ وَكُتُبِهِۦ وَرُسُلِهِۦ

The Messenger (Muhammad -Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam ) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. …”

And in Surah Al Isra‘ verse 23 onwards:

وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعۡبُدُوٓاْ إِلَّآ إِيَّاهُ وَبِٱلۡوَٲلِدَيۡنِ إِحۡسَـٰنًا‌ۚ إِمَّا يَبۡلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ ٱلۡڪِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَآ أَوۡ كِلَاهُمَا فَلَا تَقُل لَّهُمَآ أُفٍّ۬ وَلَا تَنۡہَرۡهُمَا وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوۡلاً۬ ڪَرِيمً۬ا

 “And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour.”

In Surah Al –An’aam verse 151:

قُلۡ تَعَالَوۡاْ أَتۡلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّڪُمۡ عَلَيۡڪُمۡ‌ۖ أَلَّا تُشۡرِكُواْ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا‌ۖ وَبِٱلۡوَٲلِدَيۡنِ إِحۡسَـٰنً۬ا‌ۖ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوٓاْ أَوۡلَـٰدَڪُم مِّنۡ إِمۡلَـٰقٍ۬‌ۖ نَّحۡنُ نَرۡزُقُڪُمۡ وَإِيَّاهُمۡ‌ۖ وَلَا تَقۡرَبُواْ ٱلۡفَوَٲحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنۡهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ‌ۖ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُواْ ٱلنَّفۡسَ ٱلَّتِى حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ إِلَّا بِٱلۡحَقِّ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكُمۡ وَصَّٮٰكُم بِهِۦ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُونَ

“ Say (O Muhammad -Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam ): “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand.”

The Author said : If you know that polytheism, if it entered the worship it corrupts it and nullifies the deeds and the one doing it will  become forever dwelling in hellfire and you will know the first thing to do is to know it. What is it?. What are its types?. What are the different forms that polytheism takes etc. Why Learn?

عَرَفْتَ أَنَّ أَهَمَّ مَا عَلَيْكَ
 Then you will realize that the most important matter (obligatory) upon you:

مَعْرِفَةُ ذَلِكَ لَعَلَّ اللهَ أَنْ يُخَلِّصَكَ مِنْ هَذِهِ الشَّبَكَةِ، وَهِيَ الشِّرْكُ بِاللهِ
 Knowledge and awareness of this fact, so that Allah may save you from this evil trap and it is committing shirk with Allaah,

Ash-Shrik is the trap of Shaytaan and he wants nothing but for you to do shirk. This is most desirable sin to Ibblees. That’s why when you are polytheist the iblees have nothing more to do except that to beautify more shirk to you. This trap is Ash-Shrik with Allaah.

الَّذِي قَالَ الله تَعَالَى فِيهِ
Which Allah, The Most High, said concerning it

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ

{Verily, Allâh forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners (in worship) with Him, but He forgives whom He wills} An Nisaa (4):116

Then He added: How do you know that this shirk which Allah warned against this shirk if it entered the acts of worship corrupts it , which dwells into hellfire, and nullifies it.

وَذَلِكَ بِمَعْرِفَةِ أَرْبَعِ قَوَاعِدَ ذَكَرَهَا اللهُ تَعَالَى فِي كِتَابِهِ
 And that (will be achieved) by the knowledge and awareness of four principles which Allah the Most High, mentioned in His Book.

So he said you have to know four principles which Allah mentions in his books. That means the sheikh Mohammad ibnu’ Abdil Wahhaab is guiding us to ponder on four verses of the Qur’aan which contains 4 principles which help you to better know what is Shirk and what is Tawheed.

When we study this book what benefit we are supposed to come out with?; What is polytheism and what is monotheism. If you know what is polytheism then you will recognize who is monotheistic believer and who is not and who is claiming to be. Once you know who is monotheist you will become like him .

اَلْقَاعِدَةُ الأُولَى

 The first principle

(which makes you know what is Shirk. What it’s all about. When did it happen? And when it happened, how its described as what.)

أَنْ تَعْلَمَ أَنَّ الْكُفَّارَ الَّذِينَ قَاتَلَهُمْ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ
 That you know the Kuffar, who the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu `alayhi wasalam fought,

مُقِرُّوْنَ بِأَنَّ اللهَ ـ تَعَالَى ـ هُوُ الْخَالِقُ، الْمُدَبِّرُ
 Used to affirm that Allah, The Most High, was the Creator and the Disposer of all the affairs

وَأَنَّ ذَلِكَ لَمْ يُدْخِلْهُمْ فِي الإِسْلامِ؛
 But that didn’t enter them into Islam

Which belief? The belief that Allaah is the creator, provider and disposer of the affairs. He said you should belief in this but there is something else which the polytheist didn’t do and because they didn’t do, this is what made them polytheist. They didn’t worship Allah alone. This is there problem. This is what made them disbelieves.

وَالدَّلِيلُ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى:
And the proof is His saying the Most High:

قُلْ مَن يَرْزُقُكُم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ أَمَّن يَمْلِكُ السَّمْعَ والأَبْصَارَ وَمَن يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيَّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ الأَمْرَ فَسَيَقُولُونَ اللَّهُ فَقُلْ أَفَلاَ تَتَّقُونَ

{Say (O Muhammad sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam]): “Who provides for you from the sky and the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say: “Allâh.” Say: “Will you not then be afraid of Allâh’s punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allâh)?”} Yunus (10):31

Whenever you see word قل (Qul)” in Qur’aan it means “Say” which is directed to Prophet because the Qur’aan was reveled down to Prophet.

If you have already believe that it is Allaah who provides you then won’t you fear Allah for asking provision from other than Allaah?  The point of this question is that Allaah ordered Prophet to ask them for what they believe in something already which is a proof against something they don’t believe in. You believe in Allahs Lordship then why do you worship other than Him? This is contradiction.

Important point of benefit:  When Allah mentions in Qur’aan look at the stars, mountains, running water, your body, all the blessing Allah has given you.  (It is to point out that) this proof that He should be worshiped alone

All the scholars said that the verses mentioning the worldly signs of Allaah are in the sequence of informing and the verse mentioning Worship are in the sequence of Commanding.

This means we already believe on earth, on starts, on mountains etc. This means Allaah is bringing out attention to his signs to lead us to commanding us to worshipping him Alone.

A great Principle:  You will never find a verse talking about Allaah Lordship (i.e.  His acts, signs etc) except Allaah will mention before it or after it the command to worship Him Alone. The First command you come across when you open Qur’aan  in Surah 2:21-22

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّاسُ ٱعۡبُدُواْ رَبَّكُمُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَكُمۡ وَٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ (٢١) ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ فِرَشً۬ا وَٱلسَّمَآءَ بِنَآءً۬ وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً۬ فَأَخۡرَجَ بِهِۦ مِنَ ٱلثَّمَرَٲتِ رِزۡقً۬ا لَّكُمۡ‌ۖ فَلَا تَجۡعَلُواْ لِلَّهِ أَندَادً۬ا وَأَنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ

“ All people worship your Lord, Who created you and those were before you so that you may become Al-Mutaqoon ….”.

-End of Dars-

Alhamdulillaahi Rabbil-`Aalameen wassalaatu wasalaam alaa Muhammadin Ameen.

Notes transcribed by: Aisha Bint Akram

Screen Shots:

4P 12.2

4P 12.3



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