Sarf – Level 2 – Revision 3

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين, أما بعد

Notes >>>

Continuing revision

Meanings of بَابُ الإفعَال

أَفعَلَ – يُفعِلُ – إقعَالاً

Fifth meaning:    المُبَالَغَة

حَبَّ وَ أَحَبَّ

سَقَى وَ أَسقَى

سَمَحَ و أَسمَحَ

وَعَى وَ أَوعَى

  • المُوَافَقَة or  المُبَالَغَة
  • المُوَافَقَة It has the same meaning as the three letter verb
  • المُبَالَغَة which is the same, because when you use a verb having an extra letter with the same meaning of the three letter verb it is taken from, it is مُبَالَغَة
  • فِي الدَّرسِ السَّابِق انتَهَينَا مِن بَابِ الإِفعَال  In the previous class we finished with بَابِ الإِفعَال
  • نَأخُذ البَابَ الثَّانِي مِنَ النَّوعِ الأَوَّل   We take the second Chapter of the first type
  • المَعنَى الأوَّلُ الَّذِي أَخذنَاهُ هُو التَّكثِير   The first meaning that we took is At-Taktheer
  • البَابُ الثَّانِي هو التَّفعِيل وَلَيس التَّكثِير  The second Chapter is At-Taf’eel  and not At-Taktheer
  • التَّكثِيرُ هُوَ المَعنَى الأوَّل للبَابِ الثَّانِي مِنَ النَّوعِ الأَوَّل  At-Taktheer is the first meaning of the second Chapter of the first type.
  • المَعنَى الأَصلِي هُو التَّكثِير  The original meaning is At-Taktheer
  • النَّوع : The type

Meanings of بَابُ التَّفعِيل

فَعَّلَ – يُفَعِّلُ – تَفعِيلاً

First meaning:   التَّكثِيرُ

مَوَّتَ الإبِلُ –  التَّكثِيرُ هُنَا فِي الفَاعِل   (Here the taktheer is in the doer)

  • مَوَّتَ الإبِلُ   Many camels died

طَوَّفتُ : I circulated around many times

طَوَّفنَا : We circulated around many times

طَوَّفَ is taken from which three letter verb?  طَافَ and it was originally طَوَفَ and the waaw was turned into an alif because it had a harakah on the waaw and the letter before it had a fathah

Principle in Arabic:  تَحَرَّكَتِ الوَاوُ وَانفَتَحَ مَا قَبلَهَا, فَقُلِبَت أَلِفًا

“The waaw took a harakah and the letter before it took a fathah, so it was turned into an Alif”

طَافَ is of Chapter one

Q 1: Why? What is the reason? Because ‘aynul kalimah is originally a Waaw

Q 2: The Mudaari’ will be what?  يَطُوفُ

Q 3: In طَوَّفَ why didn’t we change the waaw into an alif? Because the first waaw is silent طَوْوَفَ (and it got merged)

Q 4: If I wanted to say that you all sister circulated around many times, what do I say? طَوَّفتُنَّ

Q 5: From the verb طَافَ how do you say, I circulated around? طُفتُ

Q 6: We ciculated around?  طُفنَا

Q 7: We circulated around many times? طَوَّفنَا

Q 8: هَذَا التَّكثِيرُ فِي طَوَّفتُ, هَل هُو تَكثِيرٌ فِي الفِعلِ أو الفَاعِل أو المَفعُول؟  – This Taktheer in طَوَّفتُ , is it an increas in the act or the doer or the receiver?  فِي الفِعل  in the act

Q 9: How do you say, Who will remind him? مَن يُذَكِّرُهُ

Q 10: Who will remind her? مَن يُذَكِّرُهَا

  • طَوَّفَ : He circulated around many times
  • أنَا مَاذَا أقُولُ عَن نَفسِي؟ طَوَّفتُ
  • The arabic principle mentioned is the same as the saying: “If the waaw had a harakah and the letter before it had a fathah we turn it into an Alif”
  • طَوَّفَ is on the scale of فَعَّلَ
  • ذَكَرَ, يَذكُرُ  is from Chapter One
  • ذَكَّرتُنَّنِي : You all females reminded me
  • الآن نَستَذكِرُ التَّكثِيرَ فِي الفَاعِلِ
  • مَن يُذَكِّرُنَا؟   Who reminds us?

Q 1: What does مَن mean? Who

Q 2: What does يُذَكِّرُ mean?  He reminds – It is from which Maadh? ذَكَّرَ 

Q 3: ذَكَّرَ is from which Fi’l thulaathiyy – ذَكَّرَ مِن أيِّ فِعلٍ ثُلاَثِيّ ?  ذَكَرَ  

Q 4: مَا مَعنَى ذَكَرَ ؟ He remembered

Q 5: And what does ذَكَّرَ mean? He reminded (he made rember)

Q 6: Which meaning does it ذَكَّرَ get?   التَّعدِيَة

  • استَ/ نست in front of a verb has the meaning of ‘seeking’
  • نَستَذكِرُ : We seek remembrance / We revise
  • You can also say  مَوَّتَتِ الإِبِلُ
  • ذَكَّرَ ثُلاَثِيٌّ مَزِيدٌ فِيهِ بِحَرفٍ
  • ذَكَّرَ أخَذنَاهُ مِن ذَكَرَ

التَّكثِيرُ فِي المَفعُول

غَلَّقتُ الأَبوَابَ

Q 1: If what is meant proving التَّكثِير in المَفعُول , what does المَفعُول has to be? جَمع plural

  • If you say قَطَّعتُ الثِّيَابَ , that means you cut many clothes, but is you say فَطَّعتُ الثَّوبَ  that means you cut the garment many times (shredded) – If you made the مَفعُول single then the تَكثِير has to go other than the مَفعُول

Second meaning:

عَلَّمَ: He taught

أَكَلَ : He ate

  • نُرِيدُ أن نَأتِيَ بِهِ عَلَى صِيغَةِ فَعَّلَ فَنَقُول أكَّلَ

أَكَّلَ : He fed

جَازَ : He passed/crossed it

جَوَّزتُهُ : I crossed/passed him over

كَتَبَ : He wrote

كَتَّبتُهَا : I made her write

زَادَ : He/ it increased

زَيَّدَ : He increased it

  • مَن يَأتِ مِنكُنَّ بِمِثَالٍ  Who of you (group of females) comes/brings with an example
  • It is يَأتِ and not تَأتِ – This verb is a فِعل مُضَارِع  and in this verb lies a doer, which is هُوَ and this doer is referred to مَن , which means ‘who’-  And that is why you say مَن يَأتِ , it is for the عَاقِل whether male or female – In this case it has rulings, it depends, here مَن came first. (And this we will learn in Nahw in shaa Allaah)
  • Always remember أَصلُ الألِف  (the origin of the Alif)
  • We say يَأتِ and not يَأتِي because when you put   مَن it gets a certain grammatical state which necessitates that the yaa goes.
  • أَكَلَ مِن بَابِ نَصَرَ
  • جَازَ مِن بَابِ نَصَرَ
  • جَازَ is laazim if it is used in the meaning of: It became permissable
  • لَهُ أكثَرُ مِن مَعنَى : It has more than one meaning

Third meaning: النِّسبَةُ

مَن كَفَّرَ مُسلِمًا – Here كَفَّر goes back to the meaning of   النِّسبَة

مَن كَفَّرَ مُسلِمًا  Whoever ascribed a Muslim as a disbeliever ….

فَسَّقَهُ : He ascribed/deemed him as a Faasiq

بَدَّعَهُ : He ascribed/deemed him as an innovator

لاَ يُكَذِّبُونَكَ : They don’t ascribe you as a liar

  • النِّسبَة Ascribing/Attributing

~~~ End of Dars ~~~

الله تعالى أعلم والحمد لله والصلاة
والسلام على رسول الله

Notes transcribed by: Umm Sufyaan Al Maghribiyyah

Screen Shot:

Sarf level 2 - 33-1


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