Establishing the Principles: Monotheism – Book 2- Class 1

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Transcribers Note:  All praise is to Allaah Subhaanallaahu wa Ta’Aalaa, Who allowed us to complete the first book of the Monotheism series with our respected teacher.  May Allaah reward him for teaching us this precious knowledge that he learned from his teachers and that has been passed down to the scholars from the pious predecessors who took it from the Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi was-sallam.  Shaykh Ahmed Bazmool encourages the Muslims to benefit from Ustaadh Fahd’s teachings and walhamdulillaah, his lessons are filled with pure beneficial knowledge and gems that we may not gain elsewhere.  Straight Principles, concise and to the point that have been mentioned by our rightly guided scholars.  As beginning students, the teacher will give us a  precise translation of the authors work in an easy manner as the author intended – he wanted to clarify for the people what they didn’t know, and whenever there is a principle regarding what the author has mentioned, he will  mention it and clarify it with examples.  We ask Allaah Azza wa Jall to preserve our teacher  upon righteousness until he meets Him and to protect him from the harms of every evil eye and slanderous tongue –  him, his family and his students Ameen. 

Topics of this Lesson: 

  • An advice to the student of knowledge and  their methodology of studying these books
  • A recap of the Information learned from the study of the first book in the monotheism course: The Four Fundamental Principles
  • The subject of the the second book of the series: The Three Fundamental Principles and it is that the three questions lead to to the fact that Allaah Alone is the One deserving to be worshiped. 
  • An overview of the reason for studying these these four books in this particular order.

————————————————-

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, his companions and all who follow them exactly until the Last Day then began:

We have just finished the Four Fundamental Principles and we will move to the Three Fundamental Principles.

Teachers Introduction >>>

An Important Advice from the Teacher Before Embarking on the Study of this Next Book:

There are many important benefits I would like to share before explaining this book and this is regarding the methodology of the student of knowledge.  The methodology which every student of knowledge should follow when studying these books of Monotheism. This is because not everyone follows the correct methodology in seeking knowledge, especially Monotheism – therefore he will not be able to benefit from the books he studies as he should.

So you,  as a student of knowledge, you have to know how to study before studying. This is of an extreme importance that not even a lot of students of knowledge are aware of. The point is not from you moving from book to book without a goal, without a target that you want to reach, without a cause.  When you study a certain book, a certain knowledge, you have to know why you are studying this book and why this book was compiled in the first place and for who this book was compiled. There are many reasons why the effect of these books, and any other books, is weak on some people – meaning that he has left this book without getting the intended benefit he should derive from it.  Some of those reasons are:

  1.   The unawareness of the subject of the book studied.
  2.   The unawareness of the reason behind this book.
  3.   The unawareness of who the book was written for.
  4.   Following others.

~~~~~

1)     The unawareness of the subject of the book studied.

We have to know the subject.  The science is known, we all know what we are studying now, we are studying Monotheism. But what was the topic which the first book discussed?  And what is the topic that this book will discuss? and what is the topic that the coming book will discuss (which is the Book of Tawheed)?  And what is the topic which the fourth book will discuss?  And so on.  What is the subject?  What are we studying? What are the differences between the topics of  the book that we have studied and the books that we will be studying?

2)      The unawareness of the reason behind this book.

Why did the author write this book? This is very important, particularly because the scholars of before used to only write because of a necessity,  –  they wouldn’t write except in the case of a necessity –  for a certain need or a gap they wished to fill,  there had to be a reason.  But nowadays, it has become a habit. The scholars – especially those of before,  they wrote those books for strong reasons and needs they wanted to fulfil.

3)      The unawareness of who the book was written for.

Was the book written for the students of knowledge? Was it written for the laymen? Was it written for the scholars?  For example, we have four popular books in one science which is, for example ‘ilmul hadeeth (the hadeeth of the Prophet –  Sallallaahu`alayhi was-sallam).  We have:

  1.  Al-Arba’uun an-Nawawwiyyah (Forty Hadeeth of An Nawawee) which Inshaa’Allaah you all know.
  2. Umdatul-Ahkaam
  3. Bulooghul-Maraam  – Written by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaanee who also explained al-Bukhaaree
  4. Al-Muntaqa by al-Majd ibnu Taymiyyah (the grandfather of Ibnu Taymiyyah)

We also have Riyaadh as-Saaliheen and Al-Adhkaar   – Also by Imaam an-Nawawee

Different books – one  science: the science of Hadeeth.   But different topics:  Al-Arba’uun an-Nawawwiyyah  speaks about the ahadeeth which are considered the foundations/fundamental principles of Islaam.  Ahadeeth which Islaam circulates around and this topic is different than the topic of the rest of the books.  Those books (Umdatul-Ahkaam, Bulooghul-Maraam, and Al- Muntaqa) speak about the aahadeeth which the jurists depend on in deriving the Islaamic rulings.  So here it is the same science (which is ilmul hadeeth) but a different topic, a different subject, a different type.  Then you have Riyaadhus-Saaliheen which speaks about merits and fadhaa’il and so on …  and adding to that, the reason or the criteria (the readers he intended this book for) which Ibn Hajar wanted by his book  Bulooghul-Maraam were the students of knowledge who were a bit advanced.   And the criteria ( the readers he intended this book for)  which al-Majd ibn Taymiyyah was aiming for are the scholars because he mentioned in his book that he wrote this book Al-Muntaqa for the scholars to depend on –  Ahadeeth which the scholars depend on, and so on…

So the student of knowledge has to understand:  “I am studying this book now for what cause, for what goal? What benefit should I take from this book and why?”

~~~~~

A Recap of the Subject of the Previous Book >>>

In the previous classes we explained the first book (of the Monotheism course) – which was The Four Fundamental Principles.

QUESTION: Do we know what is the main topic of The Four Fundamental Principles? What was the whole point from the information that was laid out in The Four Fundamental Principles?

ANSWER: It was to differentiate and distinguish between the Monotheistic believer and the polytheists. Why? Because back in the time of ash-Shaykh, rahimahullaah ta’aala, the people were in so much polytheism and doubt that they were not differentiating between At-Tawheed and Shirk, between al-Muwahhid and al-Mushrik, between the monotheistic believer and the polytheist.   So now the author is giving you four fundamental principles from the Qur’aan which make you able to distinguish between who is the true Muslim who is worshipping only Allaah, and the one who only claims to be, but is worshipping others with Him.

That is why you find the Shaykh himself saying for example about the four fundamental principles (as in other manuscripts), he says in one of them: “These are four principles of the principles of religion, with it the Muslim distinguishes between the way of the Muslims and the way of the polytheists.”  And in another he says: These are four principles, Allaah mentioned them in His entirely clear book (the Qur’aan), with it one knows the witness of laa illaaha illallaah, and with it he gets to distinguish between the Muslims and the polytheists.”

In the First Principle we learned:  If one believes in Allahs Lordship this is not enough for him to enter into Islaam and it does not prevent him from being described as a mushrik.

So what benefit does this give you? This is the first way to differentiate between the Muslim in reality and the Muslim by name. Because there are a lot of Muslims who believe in Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah  –  they believe that Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’Aalaa is the only Creator, the Only Provider and the only One who disposes of the affairs, but they do not act upon Allaah’s Oneness in worship – meaning they associate others with Allaah in their worship. That is why the pious predecessors of the Companions and their followers, said regarding the verse where Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa says:

وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُم بِاللَّـهِ إِلَّا وَهُم مُّشْرِكُونَ

And most of them believe not in Allâh except that they attribute
partners unto Him. [Yusuf 12:106]

They said (about this verse), “If you asked them who created the heavens and the earth, they will say Allaah alothough they worship another.”  They believe in Tawheed  ar-Ruboobiyyah, they believe in Allaah’s Lordship they believe in Allaah’s Exclusive Acts but they did not act upon that by worshipping Him Alone   –  they worshiped others with Him.

So there, the author gave you the first principle in the Qur’aan that makes you differentiate between who is the true Monotheistic believer from who is not. So he simply told you, the one who believes in Allaah’s Lordship, this is not enough for him to be a Muslim.  Now you have the first step to differentiate between the Muslims and the Mushriks.

From the Second Principle we learned:  Their claim that they are calling upon other than Allaah to get closer to Allaah or that they will intercede for them to Allaah is falsehood.

Then one may come to you and argue with you on that point that you are making based upon the Book of Allaah – they may say,  “We do not believe that those whom we call upon create with Allaah, provide with Allaah or dispose the affairs with Allaah, but we only go to them and worship them so they can get us close to Allaah or so they could intercede for us to Allaah.”  The author clarified that that is not a valid excuse that makes them Muslims.  So he gave you extra clarification: that it does not mean that if one believes in the Lordship of Allaah and gives excuses when falling into polytheism (when associating others with Allaah) that he can give the excuse of getting close to Allaah by worshiping another or seeking intercession.   That is not enough and it is not an excuse, it is falsehood. Allaah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’Aalaa falsified those two excuses in the Qur’aan.

In the Third Principle we learned that: Polytheism is all about directing worship to other than Allaah no matter the person or thing that is worhiped besides Allaah.

The author then clarified that polytheism is all about directing worship to other than Allaah, whatever that thing may be – associating anything whatsoever along with Allaah in your worship is shirk. So there is no difference between one who worships pious men, the one who worships idols, the one who worships prophets, the one who worships angels etc.

With the Fourth Principle we learned: The Mushriks of today are worse in their shirk than the ones before.

Then on top of those (first) three principles, which made this point very clear to you, he added, clarifying, that the Mushriks of today did not only follow the Mushriks of before but they are worse in their shirk than the ones before.  ( the fourth principle).

Now you have a clear understanding, after studying that book, on who is the true Monotheistic believer and who is not.

~~~~~

The Subject of this Coming Book:  The Three Fundamental Principles  and it is The Command to Worship Allaah Alone 

What am I suppose to get from this book, The Three Fundamental Principles? What does the author mean by the three fundamental principles? He means the three questions that you are going to be asked in your grave:

  1. Who is your Lord?
  2. What is your religion?
  3. Who is this man who has been sent to you?

This is what the “three principles” mean,  but we want to know what is the subject of this book, which is The Three Fundamental Principles.    What’s the outcome and what is the benefit that the author wants to teach you from this book? It is not directly the three questions in the grave – no, but the subject of this book is also the Oneness of Allaah in worship.  In other words: Allaah deserving to be worshipped alone.

Now you may ask and say: “This is not clear to me, because the author first speaks about, ‘Who is your Lord?’ and then he speaks about (explains) who is your Lord.  Then he speaks about, ‘What is your religion?‘ and he explained to us our religion. Then he spoke in the third point about who is our prophet.   How is this related to worshipping Allah alone?”

Beautiful question, this is the answer – the answer is what the author wants to get you to, from those three fundamental principles,  Why and How?

1)  Who is your Lord?

The answer is Allaah.

  • Do you know that Allaah is your Creator? Yes I do.
  • Do you know that Allaah is the only one Who created you with no one else in this? Yes I do.  (And no one believes otherwise, let alone oddities.)
  • Do you know that Allaah is your only provider? Yes I do.
  • Do you know that the only one who disposes your affairs and brings life after death and vice versa? Yes I do.

The author started with that question and wrote this book right here for the laymen and not for only the students of knowledge. That is why one of the names of this book is: Teaching the laymen the principles of ‘Aqeedah –  ‘talqeenu usoollil ‘Aqeedatil ‘aamah, in some prints.

At that time, when the Shaykh was calling to worshipping Allaah alone, all people believed in this point, so he started approaching them from that which they already believed in and this is the way of the Qur’aan.

 A SIDE POINT FYIThe Three Fundamentals starts from him  saying: “If it is said to you: who is your Lord?” The three parts at the beginning of the book have been added to the book by some of the students of the Shaykh. But the real book starts with him saying: If it is said to you: who is your Lord?

 So let us see what he said:  If it is said to you: who is your Lord? Then say, my Lord is the one who created me, who brought me up, who created all of the existence, all of the worlds. Then he said: And He is the One who I worship, I do not have anyone else to worship except Him.

See what the author is trying to bring the people to?  They already believe (in Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah) – and this is the way of the Qur’aan by the way –   taking Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah which the people already believe in, as a proof to what they do not believe, as proof to what they are not practicing, as proof to what they are not acting upon.  How is that?  Never in the Book of Allaah will  you find a verse speaking about the signs of Allaah and His exclusive acts EXCEPT you will find with it the order to worship Him Alone.

So the author here in Da’wah, when calling people, used the way of Allaah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’Aalaa in calling people to worship Him alone. You see for example, when he brought the verse:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous [Al-Baqarah 2:21]

This is the first order that you will come across in the Qur’aan.  Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa called the people starting with what that they already believe in.  He is the one who created you and you know that so worship Him.  Then He said:

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فِرَاشًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجَ بِهِ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ رِزْقًا لَّكُمْ

 [He] who has made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a canopy and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you

Then what did He say right after he mentioned those signs {detailing the proofs of His Lordship} , He commanded them with to do what this belief which they already had, should have led them to…

فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّـهِ أَندَادًا وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ…

 …So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him]. [Al Baqarah 2:22]

Look at all the verses in the Qur’aan speaking about Allaah’s Lordship, you will find before or after it, the order to worship Allaah.

The author, when he mentioned a couple of verses of the likes, he followed it up with the saying of Ibnu Katheer, ( as it will come inshaa’Allaah).   Look at the depth of the knowledge of this scholar, he brought the saying of Ibnu Katheer in regards to the verse of Surah al-‘Aaraaf:

إِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ اللَّـهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّاٍ

Indeed, your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and earth in six days … [Al Araaf 7:54]

He said that Ibnu Katheer said: “the Creator of those things is the One who deserves to be worshipped” – so that is what he is aiming at. It is like he is telling the people that: “People! you believe that Allaah is your Creator, you believe that Allaah is your Provider, you believe that Allaah is the disposer of your affairs, you believe in all of that, look what Ibnu Katheer says, an Imaam of the a’imah, an Imaam of al-Muslimeen.  This is the words of the aa’imah,  I have not come with something new.   I am clarifying to you the deen which you have deviated away from. Ibnu Katheer says that the Creator of those things is the One who has the right to be worshipped alone. Meaning, if you understand that Allaah does those things and you believe in that already – then He who does those things is the One who deserves to be worshipped and no one else!”   

Basically, the author wanted to lead them, the laymen, to understanding what outcome?  – That Allaah (alone) is the One deserving to be worshipped.  He wanted to lead them from this –> if you know Allaah to this –> worship Him alone.  You know Allaah? Then you worship Him alone!  How is it that you know Allaah is your creator and provider and you ask for provision from someone else? It is contradicting.  Then this –>Who is your Lord? (which you will be asked of in your grave) is based upon this –> Allaah is the One deserving to be worshipped.  That is why he (the author), has utilised the information in this book to serve the purpose of affirming Allaah’s Oneness in worship.

2)   Knowing what is your religion.

Islaam –  what is Islaam?

See, the people at his time did not know the reality of what Islaam is. Many of them, after the polytheism had widespread due to their ignorance, they did not know the reality of Islaam. What is Islaam? Islaam is surrendering to Allaah and submissiveness to Allaah – that is the reality of our religion. Surrendering to Allaah means worshiping Him alone. So what is your religion? It is this: Allaah alone is the one deserving to be worshiped, the same point. So knowing what is your religion, it led you to the same point –  to the same thing.

The Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam explained this in a hadeeth. In the hadeeth he said to Mu’adh one day when Mu’aah asked him: “Guide me to a deed, which brings me close to Paradise and makes me far from the hellfire” then the Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said: “You asked me of something great and verily it is easy for he whom Allaah made it easy for.”   In response, the Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said: “1) that you worship Allaah and not join others with him in worship. 2) That you enjoin prayer. 3) Zakaat 4) Fasting 5) Hajj …and so on. And the end of this hadeeth he Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said: “Should I tell you the head of the matter (of those he mentioned)? He mentioned it: “The head of the matter is Islaam and its pillar is prayer.” He is repeating the aforementioned. But the second time he did not express it the same way he expressed it before, rather -Instead of him saying that the head of the matter is that you worship Allaah alone and not join anything with him in worship  he said, “The head of the matter is  Islaam.”  He expressed this sentence in one word which is “Islaam”  What does that mean?  It means that  Islaam is that you worship Allaah and not join others with Him in worship.  This is how  this –> what is your religion?  leads to this —> Allaah Alone is the One deserving of worship.

See how he utilised the information in this book to serve this purpose ( affirming Tawheed Al-Uluuhiyyah),  affirming this information and leading the one whom he is calling to admit this reality, this truth.  How then is the last one? How is knowing your prophet going to lead us to that ( Allaah is the only one deserving to be worshiped)?

3. Who is this man that has been sent to you –  who is your prophet?

What information did he mention in that part of the book? Did he mention the Prophet’s wives? No. Did he mention the Prophet’s battles? No.  What did he focus on?  He said:  “Our Prophet Muhammad Sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam became a prophet by the revealing of ٱقۡرَأۡ and he became a messenger by the revealing of ‘- يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلۡمُدَّثِّرُ (١) قُمۡ فَأَنذِرۡ  O You enveloped in garments! * Rise and Warn!” …Then he said: “And the thing which Allaah asked him and ordered him to warn against is shirk.”

So basically,  knowing your Prophet will make you know what his message is and knowing what his message is and that the message is to warn against associating others with Allaah in worship and ordering and commanding the people to worship Allaah alone. 

He mentioned all the information, clarifying how and what  the Prophet sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam,  was sent with.   Then he said:  “He stayed in Makkah for ten years calling to this…”  and then the salaah was ordained… then he migrated to Madinah…

And the end, all this extra information we find at the end, after finishing those three questions and whatever is regarding them, we find extra information. This information is further clarifying and magnifying this issue.

 A student requested clarification regarding the verse (yaa Ayuhal-Mudadath-thir…) The verse يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلۡمُدَّثِّرُ  –  “Oh You enveloped in garments”  clarifies what the message is as with this verse he became a messenger. He was commanded by Allaah to deliver the message and he was commanded, by the authority Allaah gave him, as a warner to command them to worship Allaah alone and to avoid worshipping others. This verse did not make him a prophet but it made him a messenger  –  because he was a prophet by the revealing of ٱقۡرَأۡ –  Read!

This is the whole point of Thalaathatul-Usool, this will lead you to knowing that your whole religion is based upon this. This is your religion ( Allaah Alone is deserving to be worshiped) and it circulates around this and that is the whole hikmah, as Allaah Ta’Aalaa said in His book:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me (alone).  [adh-Dhaariyat 51:56]

That is why Ibnul-Qayyim said that the whole Qur’aan is all in Tawheed and he explained it and brought forth the evidence – all of this will be mentioned thoroughly and in detail, but  you have to understand as a student of knowledge: “I am going to study this book, what new benefits  will I get from this book, which I did not get from the book before?”

That’s why when he spoke about what is your religion you will notice that he started speaking about acts of worship: “And the types of worship Allaah commanded are: du’aa, khawf, rajaa’, tawakkul, khashyaa’, ra’baa, khushoo’, dhahb, nadhr, isti’aana istighaathah etc. –  many types of worship.  Then you see that whatever is considered to be an act of worship giving it to other than Allaah is an act of shirk –  so you see what the author is trying to do here.  After you finish this book, you will know that everything that has been proven to be an act of worship – giving it to other than Allaah,  is considered an act of shirk. And you know now a fair amount of acts of worship, and the author gave you proof for every act of worship.

The Subject of the third book of the course: Kitaab At- Tawheed

Now what does Kitaab at-Tawheed (the Book of Monotheism) do and why study it?  Because the Book of Tawheed gives you all of these in detail.  So when you study the Book of Tawheed and finish it, most, if not all matters of Tawheed  -of how to worship Allaah alone,  will be clear to you – by the will of Allaah of course  ….what is Tawheed? What is the opposite of Tawheed? What are the things which if  you do you are considered a Mushrik? And what leads to shirk is explained in  detail in Kitaab at-Tawheed.

The Subject of the fourth book of the course: Kashf Ash-Shubuhaat

Why study the fourth book? Kashf ash-Shubahaat (Clarifying the Doubts). The fourth book, the author wrote it to answer for you the doubts that the people of polytheism might use against you and how to answer them.  So he will mention all the doubts that the people of polytheism use against the people of monotheism and how to answer them.

This is the methodology and writing of  those books, look at the gradual approach in calling people to this, in this order, this fashion, this way – It proves to you deep knowledge and great hikmah (wisdom) and that Allaah has aided this scholar of ours to call to what the prophets and messengers have called to.

We shall start this in the next class and this was just an introduction as you have to be clear on what you are going to study and what you are expecting to benefit. This is what you want to benefit  (Allaah Alone is deserving to be worshiped),  so you have to focus on what is related to this point in the coming book and you will see it. And  it will become very clear to you, now that you know what the goal is.

But imagine if  someone did not know, will he treat and approach this book the same?   No, he will come and study this book treating it as if it is a bunch of information which he uses to educate himself (and as if saying):  Oh yeah, this is something that I did not know.   But he will never be able to link each information with the other and it will not be clear to him, the relevance of this information mentioned after that,  and he will not be able to link the information which is mentioned in this book – because he will not know the point that the author is trying to make.  That is why you will find a lot of students of knowledge studying these books but not benefitting from these books as they should.

4)        Following others.

 So do not follow something just because people are following it.   Ask why  – You have to understand this, to correct your intention and to be of a clear way in whatever you want to overcome.  You see people are studying those books and saying that this is the way to seek knowledge, so I am going to study those books just because people are. No you have to understand,  Do not just follow others without knowing and understanding why.

~~~*~ END of DARS ~*~~~

Screen Shots >>>

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2 thoughts on “Establishing the Principles: Monotheism – Book 2- Class 1

  1. Zohra Al Fransiyyah April 14, 2013 at 6:47 am Reply

    Asalamou aleikoum wa rahmatoulALlaah,
    BaarakALlaahou feekoum ya akhawate filah
    HayakoumALlaah

  2. Umm Tahir April 18, 2013 at 10:28 am Reply

    Assalamu Alaikum Sister I am not getting any Wiziq links for the classes anymore. I did not write the test but I listen regularly unless I am travelling etc. Please help. BarakAllahu FeekUmm Tahir
    Date: Sun, 14 Apr 2013 09:08:38 +0000
    To: fakhri_hameed@hotmail.com

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