Establishing the Principles: Fiqh & Ettiquettes – Book 1- Class 14

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began with a recap of the poetry that has been covered before the break…

عَبْدُ الإِلَهِ الشنجطي يَشْتَرِي  

                                        بِعِقْدِهِ المنْظوُمِ تِبْرَ الأخْضَرِي

Abdul-illaah Al-Shinqeetiyy buys the scattered gold crumbs of Al-Akhdariyy’s with his poetry.

      • Ash-Shinjitee here is Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn al-Haaj [d.1208] (the author).
      • Abdul-ilaah is the same as Abdullah; as Al-ilaah is the same as Allah – as in the verse: “It is He (Allah) Who is the only Ilah in the heaven and the only Ilah on the earth…” (Quran 43:84) – so Allah is used ilaah here instead of Allah.
      • The meaning of ‘iqd here is poetry.

وَرُبَّ مَنْ عَقْدِي اضْــطِرَاراً حَسَّنَهْ

لَـــعَـــــلَّـــنِـــــي أَنَــالُ الأَجْرَ والــــزِّنَـــهْ                       

And many people appreciated this deal of mine, out of the necessity. That I may get the reward and the heaviness (of my scale)..

      • He meant people appreciated it because of the ease in memorizing – however, this does not mean that memorizing the original text is difficult; rather it is difficult when compared to the poetry.
      • This poem is on the scale مستفعلون mustaf’ilun 6 times.

فَالْحَمْدُ للهِ مُرَبِّي الْعَالَمِينْ

   ثُــمَّ الصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ لِلأَمِينْ                    

So (I say): All the praise is to Allah, The One bringing up the worlds (i.e. creation).Then the salaah and the salaam goes to the trustworthy (Muhammad)..

      •  The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) was known for his trustworthiness even before prophethood.

سَـــيّـــــِدِنَــــا مـُـــــحَـــــمّــــــَدٍ إِمَــــــامِ

رُسُـــلِـــــنَــــا وَالأَنـــــبِـــــيَـــــا الــخِــــتَــــامِ          

Our Master Muhammad, the leader of our Messenger and Prophets; the last one..

      •   Imaam here means leader in prayer (as he led the prophets and messengers in prayer on the night of Al-Isra), and leader in rank.

~ Al-`Aqeedah ~

أَوَّلُ وَاجِـــبٍ عَــلَـــى مَــنْ كُـــلِّـــفــا

تَصْــحِــيــحُـــهُ إِيـــــمَـــانَـــهُ وَيَـــعْرِفَا                

The first obligation upon whom the command applies to, is correcting his belief; and that he knows .

مُــصْـــلِـــحَ فــَرْضِ الــْعــَـيْــنِ كَالأَحْكـــَامِ

 لِــــلــطَّــــهْــــرِ وَالـــــصَّــــلاَةِ وَالــــصِّـــيَــــامِ                 

that which corrects the individual obligations; such as the rulings of purification, prayer and fasting.

      •     فَرْضِ الْعَيْنِ means: individual obligations. And the obligations are of two types:
        1. Fard ‘ayn: obligatory upon each and every individual,
        2. FardKifaayah: obligatory only upon a group of people to the point that they would suffice the rest.

وَوَاجِــــبٌ حِـــفْــــظ حُــــدودِ الْـــحَـــيِّ

بِــــالْـــــوَقْــــفِ عِــــنــــدَ أَمْــــرِهِ وَالــــــنَّـــهْـــيِ          

And obligatory is preserving the laws of the Ever-Living; by stopping at His commands and forbiddings.

وَأَنْ يَّــــــتُـــــوبَ قَـــــبْـــلَ سُـــخْــــــطِ اللهِ

سُــــــبْــــحَــــانَهُ عَــــــلَــــيْــــهِ بِـــــالْــــمَــــلاَهِـــي                    

And (it is obligatory also) that he repents before deserving the wrath of Allah–glorified is He – upon him, becauseof the distractions (from obedience).

وَشَـــــرْطُــــهَـــــا الــــنَّـــــدَمُ وَالـــــنِّـــيَــــةُ أَنْ

يــــكـــفَّ وَالإِقْــــلاَعُ عَــــنْ غَـــــيْــــرِ الـــحَــسَــــنْ                 

And its (i.e. repentance) conditions are; regretting, the intention to abstain, and abandoning that which isn’t good (i.e. the sin).

      •  The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa salam) said: “Regretting is repentance.”

وَلاَ يُـــــؤَخِّــــــرْ أَوْ يَـــــقُـــــلْ حَـــتَّــــى تَـــــعِــنْ

هــــدَايَــــةُ اللهِ لَــهُ فَـــذَاكَ مِـــنْ                   

And let him not delay, or say until the guidance of Allah comes to him; for that is of

عَـــــلاَمَـــــةِ الــــشَّـــــقَـــــاءِ وَالْـــــخِــــذْلاَنِ

وَطَــــمْـــــسِ قَـــــلْـــبِـــهِ عَـــنِ الإِيــــــمَانِ                 

the sign of wretchedness, and misguidance, and extinguishing his heart from eeman.

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Transcribed by: Bint Abdul Hadi


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