بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين, أما بعد
Today In shaa Allaah we start our first class in this topic which is the oneness of Allaah in worship. There are important introductions before we start analysing the words of book or the selected treaties and the first thing we need to know that Oneness of Allaah is part of believing in Allaah. This touches two different topicsL The pillars of eemaan just as well as it touches the pillars of Islaam because beleiving in Allaah is of four (4) pillars.
Ustaadh asked students if they agree that believing in Allaah is of 4 pillars. Some said 3 , some said 5 and some 6, so Ustaadh replied , “A student of knowledge always have to be precise in his words. Did I say Al Emaan- believing ( pillars of belief)? I didn’t say pillars of belief, I said pillars of believing in Allaah. Ya’anee the pillars of the first pillar which is believing in Allaah. In order for you to be counted as someone who believes in Allaah. What should you believe in? – You believe in 4 things.”
Believing in Allaah, is of Four Pillars:
- The Existence of Allaah (Wujood ul Allaah)
- Allaah’s Lordship (Ruboobiyyah).
- Allaah’s right to be worshipped alone.
- Allaah’s Names and Attributes.
These are as Shaykh Saalih Ibn `Uthaymeen said, ”These are Pillars of Believing in Allaah.”
- As for the first, we do not need to speak about it which is, ”Existence of Allaah, ” because Alhamdulillaah we are speaking to Muslims. We need to clarify, because alot of Muslims have confusions with the rest of the 3 which is Allaah’s Lordship, Allaah’s right to be worshipped alone and Allaah’s Names and Attributes.
- Allaah’s Lordship is called (Ruboobiyyah). Ruboobiyyah is reffering to the Name of Allaah(Ar’Rabb). Ar’Rab means The Creator, Provider, and Disposer of All Affairs. In other words, Allaah’s Lordship means Allaah’s Exclusive Acts.
- Allaah’s right to be worshipped alone, is called (Al illaahiyaah), (Al Uloohiyyah), (Al Uboodiyyah), (Al Ibaadah). (Al illaahiyyah) is from the word (Al illah) which means, “the one worshipped.” In other words, you can say that this has to do with the Slaves’ acts (Af ‘aal ul ‘Ibaad).
When we talk about the Lordship we are talking about Allaah’s exclusive acts which is Creating, Providing, Disposing the affairs and bringing life after death and vice versa etc. When we speak about Slaves’ acts, we are speaking about the Slaves acts which they do or which they are supposed to direct to Allaah alone.
4. Allaah’s Names and Attributes and this is called (Al Asmaa’ Was’Sifaat): (Al Asmaa’) is the plural of (Al Ism), (As’Sifaat) is the plural of (As’Sifah) which means the Attributes.
How do you believe in Allaah’s Lordship? How do you believe in Allaah’s right to be worshipped alone? How do you believe in Allaah’s Names and Attributes? To Single Him out, with His Lordship, right of worship, and Names and Attributes. How are you going to be considered as the one who believes in Allaah’s Lordship? – You have to Single Him out with that. How are you to be considered as the one who believes in Allaah’s right to be worshipped Alone? – You have to Single Him out with that. How are you to be considered as the one who believes in Allaah’s Names and Attributes? – You have to Single Him out with that.
Its Linguistic meanning is: Singling out Anything. That is why they said, Tawheed us-Saff meaning “singling out the lines.” But, religiously, At-Tawheed is Singling out specifically. What is it? Allaah – In 3 things.
(We said Linguitic meanings are GENERAL but the Religious meanings and the technical ones are SPECIFIC. They Specify the linguistic meanings. Please always be mindful of that in every sicence that you learn. This Singling out is called in Arabic: At’Tawheed ( a verbal noun) which means, “Singling out.”)
At-Tawheed is Singling out specifically. What is it? Allaah – In 3 things.
- His Lordship,
- Right of worship and
- Names and Attributes.
EXAMPLE from Hadeeth: …The father’s name is ‘Aas Ibnu Waa’il. He made a vow in jahaliyyah that he slaughters بدنة meaning a camel or the cow, he made a vow of slaughtering the 100 camels. After the death of father of Hishaam ibnu ‘Aas, he wanted to execute his vow so he did half of that which is sacrificing 50. ‘Amr came and asked the Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam), because the Companions of Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam), didn’t dare to do something religious except after asking/taking permission. You cannot do something religious except after taking permission. Proof of that is where Allaah says in Soorah 42, Verse 21:
أَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ شَرَعُوا لَهُم مِّنَ الدِّينِ مَا لَمْ يَأْذَن بِهِ اللَّـهُ
Or have they partners with Allah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed… (42/21)
Anything that you wish to do which you believe will get you close to Allaah and and you believe that Allaah likes, you have to know first if Allaah likes it or not.
And can you know that Allaah likes something by your mere logic? No. The mind alone – by the ‘Ijmaa – does not decide what Allaah loves or hates. It has to be through a revelation.
That is why the Prophet(sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) said that there was not a prophet except that it was a right upon him to guide his ummah to whatever good he knew for them and to warn them against whatever evil he knew for them (meaning against them). This is the responsibilty of the prophets and messengers. The messengers were sent to tell people what Allaah really loves and hates. The intellect or mind alone is not enough.
وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ رُوحًا مِّنْ أَمْرِنَا ۚ مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتَابُ وَلَا الْإِيمَانُ وَلَـٰكِن جَعَلْنَاهُ نُورًا نَّهْدِي بِهِ مَن نَّشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا ۚ وَإِنَّكَ لَتَهْدِي إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ
And thus have We sent to you (O Muhammad Sallaahu alayhi wasallam) Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Qur’aan) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad Sallaahu alayhi wasallam) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e. Allah’s religion of Islaamic Monotheism). (42/52)
This means he (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam), didn’t know the details of faith otherwise he knew Faith (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam).
Going back to the Hadeeth: Many people do what pleases them and then they go and ask when they fall in trouble/ problems. It has to be opposite. You have to ask then do it. ” It is not permissible to act until he knows the rulings of Allaah by asking the scholars.” This means that with the individual dying and not believing in At-Tawheed nothing will benefit him. No acts will benefit him whether his acts or [those] someone does on his behalf. This is narrated by Al Imaam Ahmed from the way of ‘Amr bin Shu’ayba and authenticated by As’Shaykh Al-Baanee Rahimahuallah.
1. His Lordship (His Exclusive Acts) As a simple example, Allaah ‘Azza wa jal said, commanding the Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam), to direct this question to the idolators and those who set up partners with Allaah in worship. That question is,
قُلْ مَن يَرْزُقُكُم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَمَّن يَمْلِكُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَمَن يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ الْأَمْرَ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ اللَّـهُ ۚ فَقُلْ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
Say (O Muhammad sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam): “Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say: “Allaah.” Say: “Will you not then be afraid of Allaah’s Punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allaah)?” (10:31)
Who are ”they” here? The ones whom the Prophet (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) was sent to guide them, call them.
2. His Right of Worship (The Slaves’ Acts) So when you believe that it is ONLY Allaah who deserves to be worshipped and you ACT upon that, then you have singled out Allaah in worship and that is what makes you a Muslim. Because all other religions do not act upon this – this is the BIG DISAGREEMENT between the MUSLIMS and others. Between the Messengers and their people. Everyone besides the Muslims (as a religion, not speaking of individuals) ..their worship is through something else: The Jews through Ezra, the christians through Jesus, the mushriks through the sun, moon, trees, stones etc…
So this is the fine line between Islaam and the rest of the ways. In Islaam, the worship is directed to Allaah with No one in between but with the other ways what is there, there is always someone in between, an intercession. In Worship there is no intercession in Islaam. So when you prove whatever Allaah proved for Himself, and whatever His Prophet sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam), proved for Him, of the Names and Attributes, without misinterpreting them or saying that it results in resemblance to Allaah His creation. In shaa Allaah, we shall elaboarate more when time comes. Most important thing that you need to know is that those 3 are the pillars, besides believing in the existence of Allaah. Those 3 are the pillars of believing in Allaah. That means you are not considered believing in Allaah until you believe in those three. And in whatever Allaah commanded you to believe in.
… to be continued inshaa’Allaah.