Below are links to the most recent classes on WIZIQ and a brief biography from a past class of Tayseerul-Lateefil-Mannaan by the noble scholar, Al-Imaam`Abdur Rahmaan As-Sa`dee (Rahimahullaah).
Biography of Shaykh As-Sa`dee and some benefits from the Introduction of the Summarized Tafseer: تَيسِيرُ اللَّطِيفِ المَنَّان للإِمامِ السَّعدِيِّ
Our teacher praised Allaah Ta`Aalaa and sent salaat and salaam on Ar-Rasool, his family, companions and their followers in goodness to the Last Day then began:
REASON FOR CHOOSING THIS TOPIC >>>
- We will be reading a book in the subject of the interpretation of Qur’aan (Tafseer).
- It is one of the most beneficial books of its kind. It makes clear alot of benefits regarding practicing whatever is in the verses of the Qur’aan-applying it to action.
- There is no doubt that our Salaf -our guided ancestors- theSahaba – Companions of the Prophet Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam – had not memorized 10 verses except after knowing what they contained of both knowledge and action (how to act upon it)
- It is hoped that we will suffice ourselves with some of the knowledge at this level before gaining the full Arabic.
~ Biography of Shaykh As-Sa`dee Rahimahullaah~
HIS BIRTH and LINEAGE >>>
- He is Ash-Shaykh`Abdur Rahmaan ibn Naasir ibn `Abdillaah ibn Naasir ibn Haamad As-Sa`dee
- They are the descendents of Al Mufeed which is a tribe that goes back to Al-Hammad, one of the tribes of Bani Tameem-a pure Arabic tribe.
- He was born in 12th of Al Muharram in 1307H (1886CE).
- His mother died when he was just four years, his father died in year of 1313 when he was 7 years old.
- His father was a preacher and Imaamin Masjid Al Musawqif.
- The wife of his father loved him very much more than her own kids and took very good care of him.
HIS STUDIES >>>
- He memorized entire Qur’aan by heart before reaching 12 years of age in the school of Sulaymaan ibn Daamiq and he went to seek knowledge from the scholars of his time. Most of his time was spent seeking knowledge – memorizing understanding, studying or revising knowledge.
- He reached a level of knowledge at a very young age that no one at his age reached and when his colleagues saw that from his efforts they started seeking knowledge from him. At puberty he was learning and teaching knowledge.
- He started reading into Books of Tafseer, Haadeeth and tawheed. He read the books of Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibnul-Qayyim which greatly influenced him so much that he left strictly following the madhhaab he was upon and reached the level of Ijtihaad. He would search the Qur’aan and Sunnah to extract the rulings according to the fundamental principles of Fiqh. He mostly took the sayings of Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah.
- He memorized Qur’aan, and Umdatul-Ahkaam (collection of aahaadeeth of the agreed upon hadeeth) They are set of ahaadeeth related to the Ahkaam of Jurisprudence. He memorized Daleelut-Taalib – a lone book in the the madhaab of Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and the … word unclear… of ibn-Abdul Qawiyy-a very long poem on the chapters of jurisprudence and the Nooniyyah of ibnul-Qayyim.
HIS TEACHING >>>
- He never used to spare a time except in teaching and putting much effort into doing that.
- He had impeccable manners and knowledge and the people loved him very much. The people in his area and outside his area used to send him many questions asking for Fataawaa.
- After he had reached that level he started to write books. The famous one -Tafseerus-Sa`dee is called Tayseer al Kareem al Rahmaan. In the beginning of it he wrote about the principles of the interpretation of the Qur’aan. He has explanations on hadeeth and on the kitaabut-Tawheed. Books in Fiqh -a poem of fiqh, and a refutation against the deviants- especially those who have written against Islaam. He has written books showing the beauty of Islaam.
- He was a student of knowledge and a teacher, a preacher, an imaam and khateeb and a mufti and a writer all at one time.
- Many scholars of his time have praised him as al-`Aalamah al mufaasir al-muhaadith al-faqhii al-`Usoolii and an-Nahwii.
- He did not accept the position of Judge in Unayzah when he was asked in 1360H out of extreme fearfulness to Allaah (waraa).
Some of his Shuyookh were:
- Muhammad al-Aameen ash-Shanqeetee (Tafseerul Qur’aan bil-Qur’aan)
- Muhammad Ibn Abdul `Azeez al Mani`
- Ibrahim ibn Saaleh ibn `Eesaa
HIS METHOD of TEACHING>>>
- His way of teaching was a very unique and beneficial way – he adopted from his Shaykh Ash- Shanqeetee.
- He would take the quote first and then clarify its meaning – a very clear clarification.
- Then he would picture it to his students and mention its evidence from the Qur’aan or Sunnah. He would also mention the wisdom out of ordaining it.
- All of his teaching was done in a very clear and organized straight way to the point that many students of different levels of understanding could understand.
- He explained a lot of books in his duroos. From them: At-tawheed and at-tahawiyyah, many of the books of Ibn Taymiyyah, Ibnul Qayyim, and Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhaab. Also books in Fiqh.
- His duroos were in almost every science. They were held at the rising of sun- > Adh-dhuhaa and before and after Asr and from Maghrib to `Ishaa every day.
HIS STUDENTS >>>
- He had many students, from them Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-`Uthaymeen Rahimahullaah
HIS BOOKS >>>
- The summarization of his large tafseer (Tayseer Al Kareem Ar-Rahmaan fee Tafseer Kalaam al Manaan) is called “Tayseer Al-Lateef Al-Manaan fee Khulaasati Tafseer al-Qur’aan” and he wrote it to make it easier for the people to comprehend. This is what our teacher will read from Inshaa’Allaah.
- He said, “I wrote a book of Tafseer and because it was long the people stopped reading it so one of the knowledgeable people advised me that I write a book which contains the conclusion/fruit of that big book, so I sought Aid from Allaah that I followed this blessed advice.”
- So he started sufficing with speaking about some verses that he chose in several subjects that the Qur’aan mentions. So he said the fist subject for example: 1 Creed and Tawheed etc…
- Some of his books are “Tayseerul-Kareem ar-Rahmaan fee Tafseeri Kallamul- Manaan. It is known to all the scholars that it is a wonderful, beneficial and concise book of Tafseer that all can understand.
- The second one which is the mukhtasar – the concise one containing the conclusion of the first book. It is called “Tayseer Al-Lateef Al-Manaan fee Khulaasati Tafseer al-Qur’aan.”Ad-Dalaail Quraaniyyah fee Uloomul-Asriyyah
- “Khulaasah” means “conclusion”
- “Tayseer” means “simplifying.”
- Al-Lateef and Al-Manaan are Names of Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’Aalaa.
- The titles contain the need in Allaah Ta’Aalaa to guide him writing the Qur’aan. Meaning he has written this tafseer only because Allaah has made it easy for him.
- Al-Qawaa’id Al- Hisaan fee tafseer al-Qur’aan – The Beautiful Principles of interpreting the Qur’aan.
- Intepreting the Qur’aan is not an easy thing and it requires principles.
- There is a certain way for interpreting the Qur’aan: interpret it by the Quraan and the Sunnah, the Ijmaa and the Tafseer of the Salaf.
~*~ SARF BENEFIT: Tayseer is the Masdar it means “simplifying” from yassara – yuyassiru – tayseeran (fa“la yufa“ilu taf`eelan). ~*~
- Al-Qawl As-Sadeed fee Muqaasad at-Tawheed. His Explanation on Kitaabut -Tawheed of Muhammad Ibn `Abdul Wahhaab Rahimahullaah. Al-Haaq Al-Waadhih Al-Mubeen fee Tawheed Al Anbiyaa’I wal-Mursaleen.• And many more books.
- In this book he sufficed with explaining the titles of the chapters.
- And if this proves something it proves his humbleness since the scholars have already thoroughly explained this book then there is no need to explain something that has already been been explained thoroughly. So he only choose to clarify the meanings of the chapters in this book; Kitaab at-Tawheed.
HIS MANNERS and AKHLAAQ >>>
- He was on a great deal of manners and etiquettes. He was very gentle and never criticized anyone on any mistake – not reacting to any harshness from anyone.
- He was very loveable with those close to him and those not close to him.
- He was very cheerful and pleasant in his speech.
- He was lenient with both the poor and young.
- He used to be very hard working individual and would do whatever was in his power to do good as much as he could.
- He would give out charity and aid people with his wealth and connections.
- He used to spread his knowledge and advices and would give his opinions and consultations with a very truthful and genuine heart.
- The person who wrote his bio said: “If I wanted to write down all his virtues and good characteristics I would never be able to.” (This is something that nobody knows except for someone who has sat with the Shaykh for a long time.)
- He was very fearful of Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta`Aalaa. He used to distribute whatever he had of the fruits of his land and did not take anything from it – he did not eat from it but gave it out to the poor and needy.
- A story that proves that he was very fearful of his Lord Subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa, that when he was asked to be assigned to be in charge of the scientific Institute of Unayzah in 1373H, he was offered a pay of 1,000 riyals/month ( 280 dollars). It was a very big amount of money at that time, but he wrote a letter to the head of the Institute saying he was willing to do the job but did not want any money for what he was asked to do as he wanted to do it only for the Pleasure of Allaah. They agreed and thanked him.
- He was concerned with the matters of the Muslims and their issues – also in his speeches and writings. His Friday speech was all in the issues concerning what the Muslims go through in their daily life.
- He did alot of HAJJ.
- Many people wanted to accompany him on HAJJ and for him to guide them in matters of religion.
- The Shaykh is the first who had used the sound system in the masjid in `Unayzah and no one objected at all.
- Although it was a new thing and could have raised some sort of objection but no one objected when he was the first to use the microphones etc. in the masjid.
- It is no doubt that Allaah has given him love in the hearts of the people and a trust – bringing him before any other individual in what he used to do.
- He was a leader in religion and everything else.
- His word was accepted and heard and his order was followed
THE END OF HIS LIFE>>>
- He was ill at the end of his life with high blood pressure and he remained patient on that for five years so he travelled to Lebanon for treatment and the doctors advised him to take alot of rest and to try to not occupy his mind with thinking, stress and efforts.
- As soon as he got back to his place he could not sit with the fact that he wasn’t teaching or seeking knowledge so he went back to doing his thing – writing teaching and research.
- This was his life: teaching people and guiding and advising them to what is best and what will benefit them in their matters of religion.
- On a Wednesday night after praying Salaat Ishaa he fainted and did not wake from it except for short period and in that time he calmed his family down and said that everything is okay this is the life we live in it happens to everybody then he fainted again.
- The doctors sent a helicopter or plane to take him to Riyaadh but the weather was difficult and the plane was not able to land in the airport of `Unayzah.
- When Al-fajr neared from the night of Thursday the 23rd of Jumada al Akhirah the year 1376H he had passed away rahimahullaah ta`Aalaa.
- People prayed Salaatul-Janaazah after Salaatu Dhuhr in the same Masjid where he used to be the Imaam.
The Shaykh who wrote this said: “The truth is that `Unayzah- ever since it was established – has not received a catastrophe greater than the catastrophe of his loss”. That was shown from the grief and crying of all the people. His janazah was packed with people young and old as the city has lost someone that is most valuable to them. The locals were very sad of his loss and felt the empty space after he left. And until this moment his mentioning is abundant – from those who know him and those who don’t know him as well.