Category Archives: ESTABLISHING THE PRINCIPLES: Creed

Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 11

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Ustaadh gives salaams: السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

Allah the praises is due to Allaah, we praise Him, we seek His forgiveness and may the peace and blessings and exalted mentions be forwarded to His Slave and Messenger Muhammad, his house of Kin, his Companions and all those who followed him exactly until the day of judgement.

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We spoke in the previous class about the story of Iblees and Aadam and how and when, he refused to prostrate himself to Aadam, along with the angels and we mentioned those verses in that regards.  Of those verses is in Surah 7 – verses 11 and 12, where Allah mentions this incidence, along with the position that Iblees took with Aadam and it is in His saying:

وَلَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَـٰڪُمۡ ثُمَّ صَوَّرۡنَـٰكُمۡ ثُمَّ قُلۡنَا لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ ٱسۡجُدُواْ لِأَدَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓاْ إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ لَمۡ يَكُن مِّنَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ

“And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being); then We told the angels, “Prostrate yourselves to Adam”, and they prostrated themselves, except Iblîs (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrated themselves.”

قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَلَّا تَسۡجُدَ إِذۡ أَمَرۡتُكَ‌ۖ قَالَ أَنَا۟ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡهُ خَلَقۡتَنِى مِن نَّارٍ۬ وَخَلَقۡتَهُ ۥ مِن طِينٍ۬

“(Allâh) said: “What prevented you (O Iblîs) that you did not prostrate yourself, when I commanded you?” Iblîs said: “I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.”

Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’aala also said in Surah al-Hijr (15), verses 28-33:

وَإِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ إِنِّى خَـٰلِقُۢ بَشَرً۬ا مِّن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬ مَّسۡنُونٍ۬ (٢٨) فَإِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهُ ۥ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِى فَقَعُواْ لَهُ ۥ سَـٰجِدِينَ (٢٩) فَسَجَدَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ ڪُلُّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعُونَ (٣٠) إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ أَبَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ (٣١) قَالَ يَـٰٓإِبۡلِيسُ مَا لَكَ أَلَّا تَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ (٣٢) قَالَ لَمۡ أَكُن لِّأَسۡجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقۡتَهُ ۥ مِن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬ مَّسۡنُونٍ۬ (٣٣)

“And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to create a man (Adam) from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud. (28) “So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him.” (29) So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. (30) Except Iblîs (Satan), – he refused to be among the prostrators. (31) (Allâh) said: “O Iblîs (Satan)! What is your reason for not being among the prostrators?” (32) [Iblîs (Satan)] said: “I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud.”

And Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’ala said in Surah al-Isra (17), verses 61 and 62:

وَإِذۡ قُلۡنَا لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕڪَةِ ٱسۡجُدُواْ لِأَدَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓاْ إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ قَالَ ءَأَسۡجُدُ لِمَنۡ خَلَقۡتَ طِينً۬ا (٦١) قَالَ أَرَءَيۡتَكَ هَـٰذَا ٱلَّذِى ڪَرَّمۡتَ عَلَىَّ لَٮِٕنۡ أَخَّرۡتَنِ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ لَأَحۡتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ ۥۤ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬ (٦٢)

“And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves unto Adam.” They prostrated except Iblîs (Satan). He said: “Shall I prostrate to one whom You created from clay?” (61) [Iblîs (Satan)] said: “See this one whom You have honoured above me, if You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) all but a few!” (62)”

So it is apparent that Iblees was folded on envy and hatred to Aadam from the beginning – ever since he was fashioned and even before. So Satan refused to prostrate out of pride and arrogance because as he claims, in a false argument which his arrogance and pride led him to otherwise this argument has no space or no room in righteousness, that he was created out of fire and Aadam was created with clay.

So his evil self fooled him into thinking his element is better than Aadam’s and that led him into his disobedience and not prostrating out of boasting against Aadam and looking down at him.

We mentioned Ibnu Katheer’s quotes, where he speaks about this incidence and he mentions that this excuse is worse than the sin itself. Ibnu Katheer also adds that, ontop of iblees’ false rationale, Iblees over his false rationale; he did not look at the fact that Allaah created Aadam out with His own hands and blew into him of souls he created. So this is a very important benefit that we would like to bring to your attention, which Ibnu Katheer mentioned.

Very important benefit, when Ibnu Katheer says that on top of Satan’s false rationale, he overlooked the fact that Aadam was preferred over him by Allaah creating him with His own hands, and blew in him of the sacred souls, which He has created. *see whiteboard print screen below

Q) What sacred?

A) Because it is Allaah’s creation, which became the creation of life.

This benefit is also taken from Surah Saad (38), verse 75 where Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’aala says:

قَالَ يَـٰٓإِبۡلِيسُ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَن تَسۡجُدَ لِمَا خَلَقۡتُ بِيَدَىَّ‌ۖ أَسۡتَكۡبَرۡتَ أَمۡ كُنتَ مِنَ ٱلۡعَالِينَ

“(Allâh) said: “O Iblîs (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the high exalted?”

So Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’aala knew what was in Iblees’ heart and what he was folded on from this pride.

Ibnu Katheer also said in another place:   “Allaah brings the attention of the children of Aadam – in this matter – to the high honour of their father Aadam, and shows clearly to them the enmity of their enemy Iblees, and what he was folded on of envy against them and their father, so that they may be warned and not follow his ways” *see whiteboard print screen below  

This is a summary of what we explained in the last class.

New Notes >>>

Now, let us talk about the falsehood of Iblees’ analogy.

The falsehood of Iblees’ analogy:

Al-Hasan al-Basree’s (on eof the rightly guided predecessors – one of the followers of the Companions) says: “Iblees rationalised (compared) and he was the first to”* – meaning in contradicting the command. *see whiteboard print screen below

Also ibnu Sereen (one of the great leaders (imams) of the rightly guided predecessors) says: “the first who rationalised (falsely) was Iblees and the son and moon were not worshipped, except by (false) rationales” *see whiteboard print screen below

*of course what Hasan means, he used an analogy in contradicting the command of Allaah. Al-Hasan here, is not talking about the analogy which is used to get to the ruling of something which isn’t specific – to get it to follow the ruling of other things like it – and this is called qiyaas.  Qiyaas is of two types:

  1. Analogy – comparing something to something else or relating something to something else, to give it the same ruling. For example, all intoxicating foods are based upon al-khamar (alcohol) to be given the same ruling of it, for the thing which intoxicates, which was specified in a mentioning (laid down in writing and commanded by Allaah and His Messenger), so all things that do the same (intoxicate) are based on it and related to it. When we say it is based upon it, it means that we make those things, which intoxicate, follow the same ruling as the thing mentioned which intoxicates. Because it intoxicates, it got this ruling and so all other things which do the same, will follow the same ruling because it does the same thing which that impermissible thing does. This is the same thing which it was impermissible for.

Al-Qiyaas is of many types and of many aspects.  For example, Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’ala ordered us to pray and to not say ‘uff’ – a displeasing word to our parents. So we based on that and relate to that, every other word which is displeasing to our parents. Because it takes the same ruling, because that word was forbidden to say because of how it displeases the parents and how it is considered of being bad to our parents. So every word that does the same and is considered disrespectful to our parents is given the same ruling based upon this.

So this qiyaas, which we shall mention shortly – where we mention the different aspects of the falsehood of iblees’ analogy. The qiyaas when it is used to get to something which was not specified with a ruling, ya’nee not ruling was mentioned and it was left without a ruling because it was something new that happened after the time of the revelation – after the death of the prophet salallaahu ‘alayhi wasalam – we want to find out the ruling of these things. So those things, no doubt, fall under a rule and a certain principle, which will be given a ruling in the light of it.  For example, everything which you ride is based upon which was rode there, in the past – horses and camels. So the rulings which were given to what people use to ride before are given to what people ride now, which is the cars. So when you ride in a car, it is preferred to you to say the same du’aa for when you ride a camel or any other animal, which is the du’aa that says:

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ . وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُونَ

So because this was like that, it followed it in the same ruling – this is called qiyaas, baaraka Allaahu feekum.

So qiyaas, the analogy, if it is used for the purpose of clarifying a ruling of something which was not specified with a ruling by basing it on something which was based upon a ruling. That is a good qiyaas and is one of the sources which is agreed upon. And every odd dispute in that issue is discarded and disregards – not taken in regards. But what the qiyaas of satan was, was the qiyaas that contradicts the ruling in the first place and such a qiyaas is false.

Now we will mention all the points which falsify Iblees’ analogy:

1. It is in contradiction with the command of Allaah, and if >>> the analogy contradicted the text (Qur’aanic texts, Prophetic texts and whatever is taken from them) is a false one. *see whiteboard print screen below  Why? Because what is meant by an analogy is to give a ruling to give that which was not specified with a ruling, a ruling the same ruling to that resembling it, which was specified with such.  Otherwise, a rationale which contradicts the sacred text, where as it leads to eliminating the command, this is of the ugliest analogies. *see whiteboard print screen below

Q) Can you explain the last line?

A) We said the first answer in falsifying Iblees’ analogy, we said this analogy and rationale is in contradiction of Allaah’s command and we said if the analogy contradicts the sacred text then it is a false one. Why? Because the point of us making an analogy in Sharee’ah Islaamically, it is to give that which was not specified with a ruling because it was originated/innovated after and not available at the time of the prophet to be given such a ruling but it having a ruling does not mean it does not follow or fall under a principle of Islaam which leads it to having a ruling in something which is mentioned in Islaam. As Allaah said in Surah Maryam(19), verse 64, He says:

وَمَا نَتَنَزَّلُ إِلَّا بِأَمۡرِ رَبِّكَ‌ۖ لَهُ ۥ مَا بَيۡنَ أَيۡدِينَا وَمَا خَلۡفَنَا وَمَا بَيۡنَ ذَٲلِكَ‌ۚ وَمَا كَانَ رَبُّكَ نَسِيًّ۬ا

“We (angels) come not down save by commandment of thy Lord. Unto Him belongeth all that is before us and all that is behind us and all that is between those two, and thy Lord was never forgetful“

Otherwise, rationale that is used in contradiction to the sacred text and acting upon it leads to eliminating the command – ya’nee acting upon, following such an analogy would lead to the elimination, termination, abrogating and discarding of and neglecting Allaah’s command. This is of the ugliest analogies as Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahman as-Sa’dee says.

 ~~~~~

2. His saying: “أنا خيرا منهmeaning I am better than him, is enough in pointing out Iblees’ defect, for he has proved by this statement his pride and arrogance, and saying about Allaah that which he had no knowledge of, and what greater defect is there than this.

3. He only used that argument out of stubbornness and pig headedness.

4. The nature of clay (and earth and soil in general), is that it is: calm, gentle, stable, steady and humble and that is why this element, which Aadam was created from served him well in returning to Allaah and repenting to Him and submitting to His commands and asking His forgiveness.  And as for the fire, it is by nature, wreckless, unstable, rebellious and restless and that is why this element, which Iblees was created from, got to him and led him into refusing to obey, rebel and deviate. *see whiteboard print screen below  May Allah protect us all, aameen.

5.  Fire by nature, causes mischief and destroys whatever it touches or whatever it has physical contact with, unlike soil.

 6. Soil is a place and source of animals, food and provision of the people’s clothes and adornment, their shelter and fire is not a source to any of these.

 7. Earth multiplies whatever it withholds, while fire eats up and leaves nothing.

8.  Earth (meaning dirt, sand and soil) is more independent, unlike fire (which always depends on something and is always station on something and proves fire depends on earth because without earth there would not be a place for fire to be stationed upon and this is originally speaking).

9. Fire, even though beneficial, it has to be secluded and trapped otherwise it will get out of control.

 10. Allaah mentioned so many verses in the benefits of the earth, which when compared to fire, Allaah mostly mentions it in the sequence of being a punishment to the disbelievers and the disobedient in general. Except once or twice, where Allaah mentioned two benefits of fire:

    • It reminding of the hellfire
    • It being a tool of use for the traveller – seeking warmth, his food etc

11. Sand puts out fire and not vice versa.

12. Clay has both water and sand, water which has the life for everything, and sand which we have mentioned previously.

13.  The superiority in the origin does not necessarily mean superiority in honour and rank.

14.  Aadam was created by Allaah’s own hands.

15.  If we were, let us just say, to agree (although we do not) to such a false claim, then we say:  There is nothing wrong in the overcomer honouring the overcome”. – we mean the one who has overcome another in certain qualities. For example, the man is superior to the woman but it does not mean that he does not honour her, he has to honour her and it is obligatory upon him. By him honouring his woman, which has nothing to do with him not obeying Allaah just because he is superior. And this is only IF Iblees’ claim was true, which it is not.

*these points are a summarisation of what all the Scholars (such as Ibn al-Qayyim) have mentioned regarding the falsification of Satan’s analogy.

-End of Dars-

Allaah Knows Best, All praise and thanks are for Him and Salaah and salaam be upon the Messanger of Allaah.

Question & Answers

Q) Ustaadh, does this mean it really matters what we are created from? And does it mean that the man is superior to the jinn?

A)  The most honourable to Allaah is the most pious, no matter what he is created from. Who is better than who – this has a lot of discussion.

Q) Then why this argument?

A) This argument is to falsify Iblees’s analogy and it is an extra proof to stress falsifying the evil. This argument of his is based upon a false idea in the first place so we have to falsify it from both ways. Saying it is the command of Allaah is enough no doubt but also the logical aspect of it has to be corrected as well. As it sad to say that some people do not find it enough for the former to be said as they come from environments where they use logic –whether false or correct- to reach to what is correct or wrong and etc. basically what we are trying to say is that we have to falsify it in every way and as long as it is false we falsify it.

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Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 10

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

*Transcribers Note:  first I seek Allaah’s Forgiveness then extend my apologies to the readers for the delay in making these notes available. 

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

In the previous class it was mentioned that when Iblees was ordered  (along with the angels) to prostrate themselves to Aadam (‘Alayhis-salaam),  he refused and rejected this order of Allaah Subhaanahu wa Taalaa as Allaah mentioned in Suurah 2/34:

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَىٰ وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ

And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam.” And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah).

This command to prostrate was a prostration of salutation and honoring (that is known – it was in the previous legislations that this prostration wasn’t an act of worship but one of honoring and salutation).  But obeying this Command of Allaah was an act of obedience.  (another example of this act of honoring) is when Yusuf’s parents prostrated to him when they saw him yet again after a long time of absence.  as Allaah said in 12/100:

وَرَفَعَ أَبَوَيْهِ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ وَخَرُّوا لَهُ سُجَّدًا ۖ وَقَالَ يَا أَبَتِ هَـٰذَا تَأْوِيلُ رُؤْيَايَ مِن قَبْلُ قَدْ جَعَلَهَا رَبِّي حَقًّا

And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: “O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true!…

This prostrating in the prior legislations was just a paying of honoring gratitude respect and salutations.  That is why Qatadah-rahimahullaah said:  “The obedience was to Allaah and the prostrating was to Aadam.  Allaah honored Aadam by ordering the angels to prostrate to him.”

This act of honoring was abrogated in our Islaamic Shaari`ah –  the Shaari`ah of Muhammad (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam),  as Mu`aadh ibn Jabal (Radhiyallaahu `anhu) came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) and he had a doubt which he asked from  the Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) –  he said to  the Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam)  that he was worthier of being prostrated to as a form of honor than what the Christians do when they prostrate themselves before their priests and knowledgeable people.   So the Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) corrected his understanding and said that, “If I was to order someone to prostrate before someone I would have oredered the wife to prostrate before her husband because of the great right he has over her.”  So what is  understood from this statement of the Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) is that such a thing should not be done in the first place and if it were to be done it would be done from a certain person to a certain person.  Which also clarifies that this act in our Shari`ah is now only an act of worship which cannot be given except to Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’Aala. 

This takes us back to the principle which is that:  The former legislation (Rulings of the former religions) is ours unless ours negates it.

  • Meaning we can act on the former rulings just as long as our Shariah does not negate it.
  • This is a clear example:  this prostrating of salutations and honoring used to be done before (as mentioned in the story of Yusuf (`alayhis-salaam).  But now this act was abrogated by our legislation.  it is no longer to be done by the Ummah of Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as such an act was abrogated and now is only recognized as an act of worship (to be done to Allaah Alone).

Another thing that is very important that one must be aware of:  Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa – had already informed his angels of this creating of Aadam and commanded them to prostrate even before He had created him. –  even before Aadam was brought into existence.  This brings us to ponder on the position that Iblees took –  even before the creating of Aadam that Iblees had in his mind.  When Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’Aalaa saw this in his heart, Allaah then casted him away from Paradise and cursed him and made him give up on Allaah’s Mercy.  This was mentioned in Suurah Al-Hijr  15/28, 29 (and up to 33):

وَإِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ إِنِّى خَـٰلِقُۢ بَشَرً۬ا مِّن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬ مَّسۡنُونٍ۬ * فَإِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهُ ۥ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِى فَقَعُواْ لَهُ ۥ سَـٰجِدِينَ *

And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to create a man (Adam) from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud. (28) “So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him.”

And in Suurah Saad, 38/71-74 (and up to 76), the same incident is explained:

إِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي خَالِقٌ بَشَرًا مِّن طِينٍ * فَإِذَا سَوَّيْتُهُ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِي فَقَعُوا لَهُ سَاجِدِينَ *
فَسَجَدَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ ڪُلُّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعُونَ  *  إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ اسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ

(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Truly, I am going to create man from clay” (71) So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.” (72) So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: (73) Except Iblîs (Satan) he was proud and was one of the disbelievers.

And we notice here that Iblees used an argument which was based upon his logic including what he had kept inside of him of the envy and pride.  After Iblees had refused to protrate, he rationalized (with a justification based on his own logic) this oppostion of his to Allaahs Command and  this approach to Allaahs command was the same approach that every deviant took after satan.  (as explained in the previous class).  It has also been mentioned that this was a false justification.

Ibn Katheer explains to us what relly happened and shows us how Iblees was blinded by his pride and envy that he kept inside from theactual merit which Aadam has which Iblees does not have.  Ibn Katheer said in this regard:  “And Satan saying (Allaah curse him) I am better than him, is of the excuse which is greater (in the sense uglier, worse) , than the sin, as if he had refused the obedience because he who is superior (according to him of course), is not to be ordered to prostrate to one which is lower.  Meaning, (Allaah curse him) and I am better than him so how do you order me to prostrate to him.  Then he (Satan) clarified  that he is better than him (Aadam) because he was created from fire and fire is (according to Iblees) superior to that of which you have created him (Aadam).  Then Ibn Katheer said, “So the cursed one looked at the origin of the substanceand he didnt look at the great honoring, and it is that Allaah created Aadam with His Own Hands and blew in him of the soul He has created.”

  • This was a privelege that Aadam had over anyone else.

This approach of Iblees to the Command of Allaah,  is a great offense in the first place  (when the Command of Allaah comes, there is no second thought –  it is not to be opposed with anything whatsoever).  This is a beneficial Principle not only in belief (Creed-Aqeedah) but also a beneficial principle when it comes to Islaamic Rulings (Fiqh), because we find many people of today not obeying the Commandments of Allaah in the same approach which satan had towards Allaah’s Order to prostrate for example:  whenever they hear that a certain thing is commanded they try and ask of how rational it is is or how logical it is.  And if they don’t get a sufficing answer – And the answer might be sufficing at times but sometimes they dont understand it  due to their lack of understanding or because of their ignorance in a lot of similar rulings which  Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’aala has ordered – they dont follow, and this is a great offense.  It could be out of a disease in the heart or out of a great ignorance in what one should do towards the rulings of Allaah Ta’Aalaa.

That is why Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa did not ask of us to find out or to reason His commandments, rather He only asked us to obey.  So, for example –  if one does not understand the reason why Allaah tA’aalaa ordered us with such an act, it his not his responsibility to look for the reason if he does not know.  Looking for the reason might be something that is preferred so as to ponder on the reason behind the Commandments, but if one fails to reach to the reason, that does not mean he does not follow the command.  As Allaah Ta’Aala said in Suurah An-Noor 24/51:

إِنَّمَا كَانَ قَوْلَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذَا دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ أَن يَقُولُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ۚ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allah (His Words, the Quran) and His Messenger, to judge between them, is that they say: “We hear and we obey.” And such are the prosperous ones (who will live forever in Paradise).

And Allaah said in same Suurah 24/63:

  فَلْيَحْذَرِ الَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ أَن تُصِيبَهُمْ فِتْنَةٌ أَوْ يُصِيبَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah— legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant) should befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.

And Allaah also said in Suurah Al-Ahzaab 33/36:

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّـهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ ۗ وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّـهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُّبِينًا

It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in to a plain error

  •  Always put this verse in front of you.

So this justification and way of approach that satan sought to oppose the Command of Allaah Subhaanahu wa ta’Aalaa –  is false –  it is a plain error.  Once Allaah commands us something there is no thinking twice, no second option –  Allaah orders us and we obey.  Then, (if we want) –  which is a merit as something additional –  that is good to know –  is the reason but if we do not know the reason we are not obliged to know it.  That is why the scholars said that the reason/wisdom behind Allaahs Commandments are of three types:

  1. One which is known only to Allaah, like the five daily prayers –  such a commandment is not rationalized in the sense that it is not known what is the wisdom behind it:  in praying five times a day, one prayer is four rakaat another is three, another is two.  This is what the scholars call:  غير معقول المعنى.  It is not rationalized or justified logically –  only Allaah knows it.
  2. One which is known only to a certain people who are the people of knowledge –  the scholars.
  3. One which is known to everyone.

So you not being a scholar and not knowing alot of the wisdom behind alot of the commandments of Allaah (#2) should not lead you to disobeying Allaah.  And you not knowing the wisdom which only Allaah knows (#1) does not mean you should disobey Allaah because you will never know the wisdoms behind the orders for the timing and numbers of rakaat for the prayers –  but you not knowing the justification of it doesn’t lead you to leave the prayers!  So when you know that those who ask for a justification, reaason, or knowing of the wisdom behind a certain command that Allaah Commanded is simply following their desires because they will not use such an argument with the five prayers.

How many times has one heard someone approaching him and saying: “Why pray five times a day?  I don’t understand why is this so Im not going to pray ”  This would be an oddity something that would rarely happen. Because to the majority of the Muslims, everyone knows that this is something that Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa has commanded, it is one of the greatest commandments after worshipping Him Alone and no one will say otherwise, no one will say that praying is not obligatory – all of the Muslims will agree that praying is obligatory, we cannot avoid it,  and a must that we must do it and whoever does not do it is in grave danger.

You will not have someone approach you and ask you about the wisdom of praying five times a day – we dont understand it so we’re not going to do it because it doesnt make sense to us.   The issue is not about making sense to you –  the issue is obeying the Command from someone who deserves to command you and forbid you –  this is Allaah, your Creator.  He created you and He has the right to order you and to tell you what to do and what not to do.  The minute you (the servant) bring such an argument, because you (the servant) dont want to obey or submit until after knowing the wisdom, then this is the beginnin gof opposing or placing oneself above the Commandments of Allaah ta’Aala, and Allaah Knows Best.

– End of Dars –

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Notes Transcribed by: Umm Omar Al-Amreekiyyah

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creed 10.1

creed 10.2

Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 9

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

Further Explanation of Previous Lesson >>>

In the previous class we talked about several issues:

  1. The truth has been completely clarified as the Prophet  (sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) did not die except after AllaahSubhaanahu wa Ta’Aalaa  completing his religion for him and for his ummah. (5/3)
  2. The Jews envied the Muslims for this particular verse (5/3),  and this is mentioned in the hadeeth in Al-Bukhaariyy that the Jews came to `Umar radhiyyallaahu `anhu and said:  “There is a verse in your book which you read, if to us it was revealed,  we would have taken that day as a celebration…”  Because this is something big –  Surely the first thing any nation would be happy with is to be happy with the fact that their religion is perfected- perfect –  not needing any addition or deduction.
  3. Ibn Abbaas Radhiyyallaahu` anhu said “Allah informed His prophet and the believers that he has completed for them the Eemaan…”  –  The eemaan here takes the general meaning of “ad-Deen” because “Al-eemaan” has two meanings:   It can mean “Ad -Deen” (the religion) sometimes the word eemaan is said and what is meant from it is the whole religion, as in the hadeeth in Al-Bukhaariyy  when a group came to him asking, “Oh Messenger of Allaah give us a clear order that we may convey to our people.” so the Prophet Sallaahu alayhi wassalaam said: ” I command you to do four and forbid you to do four …  I command you to believe (bil-eemaani) in Allaah.  And he said, “do you know what is to believe in Allaah?”  And they said, “Allaah and His Messanger know best .”, so he said it is the witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messanger of Allaah and performing the prayer …” And we know these to be the pillars of Islam not the pillars of eemaan (belief) so eemaan here has the general meaning which is the meaning of Ad-Deen.

And in another hadeeth recorded in Al Bukhaariyy and Muslim, where the Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said,  “Eemaan has sixty or seventy something parts. The highest of  it (these parts) is the saying: `La ilaaha illallaah’  (here the saying itself was made a part of eemaan) and the lowest is the removal of obstacles from the way. (this is an action of the limbs) And shyness is a part of eemaan.” –  So this hadeeth shows that “eemaan” could be used for the general meaning –  meaning “the religion” and  this is what Ibn Abbaas meant when he said, “completed for them the eemaan.”    And if you keep reading after the verse (5/3),   you will come across a verse (5/5) that says which means: “Whoever disbelieves in eemaan than his acts have been nullified …”  Here “eemaan” means,  “the religion.”

 Continuing with the statement of Ibn Abbaas:  “…so they are in no need of an addition ever and Allah has completed it so he will never deduct from it ever and He is pleased with it so he is not displeased with it ever.”  This is the biggest Ni`mah –  Our Deen.  No other ni`mah is counted without the ni`mah of the Deen.  That is why Allaah Subhaanahu wa taalaa pointed out to that fact in two surahs:  In suurah al-Faatihah which means: “The Path of those on whom you have bestowed Your Grace…” (1/7) Here He did not mention what is that which He has bestowed on them, he mentioned it in Suurah An-Nisaa which means: “Bestowed on them the blessing of what?  Here He did not mention what is that which he has bestowed on them but He mentioned it in Suurah An-Nisaa which means: And whoso obeys Allaah and the Messenger (Muhammad), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allaah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiquun, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” (4/69).

So this ni`mah is the ni`mah of obeying Allaah and His Messanger –  the ni`mah of the Deen (religion) which means there is no bigger ni`mah than the ni`mah of the religion.  Also in Suurah An-Nahl (which is called Suurah An-Ni`m as suwar have different names like Al-Faatihah is called Suuratul-Hamd, Ummul-Kitaab etc  and other suurahs like Suurah Muhammad is called Suratul-Qitaal.  One of the names of Syurah An-Nahl is  “Suuratun-Ni`m” which means “Suurah of Blessings –النعم An-Ni`m is the plural of النعمة (an-ni`mah).  Suurah An-Nahl is called as such because in the suurah,  Allaah mentions many of His Bounties ad His Blessings upon His creation.  The scholars have said that in this suurah He started with the biggest blessing of all.  Allaah Ta’Aala said which means: The Commandment  ordained by Allaah will come to pass, so seek not to hasten it. Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate as partners with Him.    Then He said mentioning the first ni`mah He has sent down to His creation (which means): He sends down the angels with Ruh (revelation) of His Command to whom of His slaves He wills (saying): “Warn mankind that Laa ilaaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so fear Me (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds).  (16/1-2)  This is the biggest ni`mah of all “laa Ilaaha Illa Allaah.”

4. Another point that was mentioned ( and these points are unanimously agreed upon self evident principles all agreed upon by the scholars.) was that the differing was bound to happen  –  it is the way of Allaahin [with] His creation.

5. The Prophet Sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam left no good except that he has called us to it and he left no evil except that he has  warned us against it.

One of the things that the Prophet Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam warned us against in many many Aahaadeeth of his is dividing and differing. 

The verses on this were many and mentioned in the last class and in this class will be mentoned the Aahaadeeth.

New Material >>>

Hadeeth 1:  (Al-Bukhaariyy #7320, Muslim #2669 and others)

The Prophet said, “You shall follow the ways of those before you …” Ustaadh asked the students what we can understand from this directly. Some answers were:

… we will follow the steps of the ancestors
… some of us will not worship Allah alone
… the jews and chirsitans traditions will be followed
… copying others
… people will follow other paths
… deviation is coming
… some of us will follow the salaf some of us will not so differences will occur.

 The interesting part of this hadeeth is next: “…even if they were to enter into a a lizards hole, you shall do so too.”  What do we understand from this?  Some answers were:

… blindly following
… even we shall follow the smallest deviation
… we will follow them no matter if it takes us to destruction
… to imitate them even in the bad
… you will bring the same troubles on you by commiting same mistakes

Our teacher asks us for our understandings as a way of encouraging us to use our hearts and minds that Allaah has blessed us with to ponder .  Allaah sSubhaanahu wa Ta’Aala said (which means): (This is) a Book (the Qur’aan) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understandingmay remember. (Sad 38/29)   This way (of teaching us) and of letting us reach to it is letting us to have our share of pondering…

the answers by students were very close, maashaa’Allaah.  The scholars have said that “entering the lizards hole” is metophorical for following them in the silliest and most insignificant things that they do.

Then the companions asked  “…Oh Messenger of Allaah !  The Jews and the Christians?!”  The Prophet (sallalaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Who else.”

What is the greatest benefit we can take from this (From knowing that we will do alot of the things that they will do)? The scholars have said, based upon this, that we understand two things:

  1. Everything which Allaah has mentioned in the Qur’aan about the acts of the Jews and Christians, is for us to avoid.  Meaning don’t think that Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aala mentioned all of the   bad things that they did for us to enjoy it as a story that happened long ago and that it is not going to happen to us.  They are mentioned as a warning to us not to follow their steps.  Basically everything that Allaah mentioned about the Jews and the Christians in the Quraan is an indirect forbidding that we do the same.  Some examples are when Allaah said  which means: “they exchanged the verses for a paltry price…” this is a warning to the Muslims to not do the same.  And  when He mentions in Quran that the Jews and Christians changed the verses that Allaah sent down to them, this means Muslims should not do the same.  And Allaah says which means: “and whoever does not judge according to the rule of Allaah, those are disbelievers.”  That means you Muslims judge only according to the rulings of Allaah – do not make what is halal haram and what is haram halal.  The Jews and Christians left the ruling of Allaah and started making impermissible what was permissible and vice versa.  They chaged the rulings according to their desires.  Is this for us to say, “yes this happened with people long ago but if we do it we dont get the same rulings?”  No –  this is a warning to us as well.  We must judge only by the rulings of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).And the clearest and nearest example is where  Allaah says in Suurah Al-Faatihah which means:  “… other than the path of those who have earned your anger or the path of those who went astray…”  Meaning don’t think that you will never deserve the wrath of Allaah –  that if you have the knowledge but don’t act on it as the Jews did that you will not earn the wrath of Allaah, or don’t think that if you act without knowledge that you will not be described as someone who went astray as the Christians did…   we are ordered to read this verse several times in a day (at least 17 times in the five daily salawaat) –  to remember and be aware of falling into what happened to the people befor you.
  2. Every sin or deviation which the Jews or Christians have committed, you will find in the Ummah of Muhammad (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) those who will do the same.  This is according to the hadeeth  – you will follow the way of those before you even to the most insignificant act they did.  and in another narration it is said “you will follow thier footsteps step by step…”  Today we see a lot of Muslims imitating them  celebrating New Year, Christmas, birthdays …  to the extent that you might visit a Christian wedding and you wouldn’t find any difference to the Muslim wedding –  to that extent (inviting singers, putting out dance floors … is this from our religion or our traditions –  no it is not.)  These deviations are not restricted to a specific country or location, rather they are widespread and you will find them wherever you may be.  Of course the minkar will be lessened when you go to a place where there are more scholars (righteous scholars)On top of this deviation there is the hadeeth of the Rasool (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam)…

Hadeeth 2: (Al-Bukhaariyy #3640)

The Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) said: “There shall always be a group of my nation upon the truth.  Whoever tries to put them down shall do no harm to them until the command of Allaah comes and they are upon it.” 

Does this not mean that the truth is clear ?  And with the truth being clear does this not mean that there is one group of people who are upon the truth and not many?  And does this not mean that we have to strive to search for it?

HAdeeth #3  (At-Tirmidhee #2641)

The Prophet (Sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said:  “What has befallen the children of Israel shall surely befall my people step by step –  even if it was of them who would openly approach his mother (sexually), there would be of my nation people who would do it. “

This explains further the first hadeeth above.  Not only in the minor deviations but in the major ones – in the most disgusting things.  Then he said,

“…The children of Israel have divided into 72 sects, and my nation shall divide into 73 sects – all of them are in the Helffire except one.  They said: “Who are they O Messenger of Allaah?”  He said, “Those who are what I am upon and my companions.”

Does this not say it all?  What more do we want as clear proofs?  Does this hadeeth not clarify clearly who is the Saved Sect?  That they are the ones who follow the companions of the Prophet (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam).  This Hadeeth proves beautiful benefits.

1.) The first benefit is that the way of the Prophet  (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam) and his companions is one way.  This means that hiss way and his comapanions way is one way.

2.) The meaning of this hadeeth was narrates by the authority of many companions from them:, Abdullah Ibnu Amr, Abu Hurayrah, Muawiyyah, Amr ibnu Awf and others…

Next class will be the mention of the beginning of the deviation which was the deviation of Shaytaan,  then the mentioning of the first shirk which happened on the face of this earth which is the shirk of worship, then when the first shirk happened in the Ummah of Muhammad (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam). , then when the deviation of the Names and Attributes happened in this Ummah of Muhammad (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam), then when the first deviation from the jama`ah of the Porphet   (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam) happened and also the five grand heads of deviated sects:  The Khawaarij, the jahmiyyah,  the Shi`a, The Qadariyyah, the Mu’tazilah … Inshaa’allaah.  (all of those deviated sects which the Prophet  (Sallalaahu`alayhi wa salaam) spoke about claim they are on Islaam!  So throughout these lessons coming we will learn how it reached to a point where the people of knowledge had to clarify who was upon the correct Islaam.

– End of Dars –

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

From the Questions >>>

  • The difference is of two types: A difference that does not lead to division and that differencing is not dispraised.  But here we are talking about the differences that lead to division.  Differencing about where to place the hands in the salah does not lead to division but the  difference in  whether Abu Bakr is a beleiver or not certainly does lead to division.  even the differences that dont lead to divsiion which the companions had  –  they were immediately and promptly solved.  they would gather together and ask each other then the dispute would quickly be solved.  So there are differences that don’t affect at all and those that do –  those that do are differnces in` Aqeedah.
  • The children of Israel includes Jews and Christians
  • The Ummah of Muhammad includes all of the people after he was sent (including all non-Muslims) but they are two types:   Ummah of Ijabah are those who responded to the call of the prophet in general and these who are meant in the hadeeth of those dividng into sects.  Other than that is Ummatud-Dawah – those who are called …
  • Sometimes a hadeeth is saheeh but has a different understanding because it gives more than one possible meaning.

Notes Transcribed by: Umm Omar Al-Amreekiyyah

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Creed 9.1

Creed 9.2

Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 8

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

NOTES  >>>

We have completed the first two verses of the poetry and to continue there must be an Introduction to give give us a brief overview of The History Of  The Sects. On how it all happened? how it started? When it was born and what happened each and every decade or century?

It is necessary for us to understand this and before this it is necessary that we understand a couple important issues that must be taken as unquestioned and undebated issues.

The Difference

The first three generations were free from every deviation and if there was any deviation it wasn’t done openly it was buried or limited to a couple of individuals. This is the difference between the innovations at the time first three generations and after them, after them the deviation had a bit of power. The innovations at the first three generations were weak because it was restricted to certain individuals without them been done openly.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Question : Some might say, yes, there was a deviation in the time of the prophet (sallahu a’laihi wassalam) or in the first three generations.

Answer : we say that’s true but it was powerless and no followers  and certain minorities quickly disposed of  because they were upon one way and when they divided and didn’t become one way, this is where the mischief started.

The sources of evidence whether concerning the `Aqeedah or the matters of belief are based upon three :

–         The Quran

–         The Sunnah

–         The Ijma

The Ijma is understood as the Ijma of the companions of the Prophet – sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam.  As Muslims we must know that if the companions agreed upon a certain issue, that issue becomes unquestionable because this Ummah will never agree upon falsehood and Allah said that this nation is the best of all nations.

Allah says in (9:100) :

وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا  ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success. (100)

Two types of Revelation

 

  1. Quran
  2. Sunnah

Allah says in (53:3-4) :

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ  ,  إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ

Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only an Inspiration that is inspired.

The revelation was made of the Quran aand Sunnah and it was made this way to test the people to see who will say : “I follow only the Quran” and who will follow the Quran and the Sunnah.

Allah says in (2:143) :

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطًا لِّتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيدًا  وَمَا جَعَلْنَا الْقِبْلَةَ الَّتِي كُنتَ عَلَيْهَا إِلَّا لِنَعْلَمَ مَن يَتَّبِعُ الرَّسُولَ مِمَّن يَنقَلِبُ عَلَىٰ عَقِبَيْهِ  وَإِن كَانَتْ لَكَبِيرَةً إِلَّا عَلَى الَّذِينَ هَدَى اللَّـهُ  وَمَا كَانَ اللَّـهُ لِيُضِيعَ إِيمَانَكُمْ  إِنَّ اللَّـهَ بِالنَّاسِ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Thus We have made you [true Muslims – real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad SAW and his Sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) be a witness over you. And We made the Qiblah (prayer direction towards Jerusalem) which you used to face, only to test those who followed the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from those who would turn on their heels (i.e. disobey the Messenger). Indeed it was great (heavy) except for those whom Allah guided. And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allah is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind.

Is it mentioned in the Quran to face Jerusalem?

No.

Then was the messenger upon deviance or upon guidance when he faced Jerusalem?

Guidance.

Allah says “we made the qiblah which You used to face”, where Allah have you made this qiblah an order to face?

By what you have revealed to your prophet.

So if it not in the quran It has to be found somewhere, wherein the prophet is receiving and that is the Sunnah.

Allah says in (34:50) :

قُلْ إِن ضَلَلْتُ فَإِنَّمَا أَضِلُّ عَلَىٰ نَفْسِي  وَإِنِ اهْتَدَيْتُ فَبِمَا يُوحِي إِلَيَّ رَبِّي  إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ قَرِيبٌ

Say: “If (even) I go astray, I shall stray only to my own loss. But if I remain guided, it is because of the Inspiration of my Lord to me. Truly, He is AllHearer, Ever Near (to all things).”

Allah says in (16:44) :

بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالزُّبُرِ  وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) the reminder and the advice (the Quran), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought.

There is no point of the existence of The Quran without the Existence of It’s clarification

Allah announced in (15:9) :

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ

Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption). (9)

This includes the Sunnah also, why?

Because there won’t be any use in guarding the Quran without guarding the Sunnah.

1st Major Principle:

THE TRUTH HAS BEEN COMPLETELY CLARIFIED

–         Allah hasn’t taken His prophet’s soul to Him except after completing His religion for Him and His nation

Proof for the mentioned above (5:3) :

حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّـهِ بِهِ وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ وَالْمَوْقُوذَةُ وَالْمُتَرَدِّيَةُ وَالنَّطِيحَةُ وَمَا أَكَلَ السَّبُعُ إِلَّا مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ وَأَن تَسْتَقْسِمُوا بِالْأَزْلَامِ  ذَٰلِكُمْ فِسْقٌ  الْيَوْمَ يَئِسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن دِينِكُمْ فَلَا تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِ  الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا  فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ فِي مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لِّإِثْمٍ  فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns – and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal – unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) – and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone altars). (Forbidden) also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision, (all) that is Fisqun (disobedience of Allah and sin). This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But as for him who is forced by severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above-mentioned meats), then surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

–         The above verse was revealed right before the death of our prophet.

–         Anything that is perfect needs no addition or deduction to it, and so our religion is perfect and needs no addition or deduction to it.

The Jews envied the Muslims for this particular verse (bhukari:45) (muslim : 3017)

They said “A verse in your book of which you read, if revealed to us, Jews, we would have celebrated that day,” umar said , “which verse is it” they said : الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا  .

They envied the Muslims because Allah chose there deen as the completed and perfect religion.

And the son of Abbas said : “Allah informed His prophet and the believers that he has completed for them the Iman so they are in no need of an addition ever and Allah has completed it so he will never deduct from it ever and He became pleased with it so he is not displeased with it ever”

–         The Iman here is for the general meaning, the whole religion.

2nd Major Principle

DIFFERING IS BOUND TO HAPPEN BECAUSE IT IS THE WAY OF ALLAH IN HIS CREATION,THAT IS WHY THE PEOPHET WARNED US AGAINST DIFFERING AND SEPERATION IN MANY OF HIS STATEMENS, because the prophet said that he has left no good except he called us to and no evil except he warned us.

–         This was known to happen from the very begin.

More examples

(6:153) :

وَأَنَّ هَـٰذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ  وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا السُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمْ عَن سَبِيلِهِ  ذَٰلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُم بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“And verily, this (i.e. Allah’s Commandments mentioned in the above two Verses 151 and 152) is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious – see V. 2:2).”

–         It has to exist, herein the following of different paths are bound to happen.

–         People will follow other paths.

–         The verse was reveled to the prophet and was directed to the companions of the prophet.

Mujaahid said : “assubul: are innovations, doubts and deviations.”

(3:7) :

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ  فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ  وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّـهُ  وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا  وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

It is He Who has sent down to you (Muhammad SAW) the Book (this Quran). In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book [and those are the Verses of Al-Ahkam (commandments, etc.), Al-Fara’id (obligatory duties) and Al-Hudud (legal laws for the punishment of thieves, adulterers, etc.)]; and others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials, etc.), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings save Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: “We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord.” And none receive admonition except men of understanding. (Tafsir At-Tabari).

–         There are people who will deviate from the truth concerning the truth.

(muslim:2665) :

The prophet said to A’isha : “ if you see those who are following the un entirely clear, then those are the ones who Allah warned against so beware of them .”

(3:105-106) :

وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ تَفَرَّقُوا وَاخْتَلَفُوا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ  وَأُولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ  يَوْمَ تَبْيَضُّ وُجُوهٌ وَتَسْوَدُّ وُجُوهٌ  فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ اسْوَدَّتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ أَكَفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear

 proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment. On the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) when some faces will become white and some faces will become black; as for those whose faces will become black (to them will be said): “Did you reject Faith after accepting it? Then taste the torment (in Hell) for rejecting Faith.”

–         Allah says us not be like them

Ibn Abbas said “ the faces of ahlus sunnah will become white and the faces of ahlul bid’ah will darken.”

(6:68) :

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ  وَإِمَّا يُنسِيَنَّكَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلَا تَقْعُدْ بَعْدَ الذِّكْرَىٰ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ

And when you (Muhammad ) see those who engage in a false conversation about Our Verses (of the Quran) by mocking at them, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Shaitan (Satan) causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not you in the company of those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).

(30:30-32):

فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا  فِطْرَتَ اللَّـهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا  لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّـهِ  ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ  مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ وَاتَّقُوهُ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ  مِنَ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا  كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ

So set you (O Muhammad) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq-illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not.(Always) Turning in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to Him; and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and be not of Al-Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.). Of those who split up their religion (i.e. who left the true Islamic Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things in the religion (Bid’ah), and followed their vain desires], each sect rejoicing in that which is with it.

–         This proves  the ummah of Muhammed who will split us and rejoice.

–         The command is direct to the prophet and the prophet wouldn’t do it so it is directed to those after him.

(11:118-119) :

لَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ لَجَعَلَ النَّاسَ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً  وَلَا يَزَالُونَ مُخْتَلِفِينَ

إِلَّا مَن رَّحِمَ رَبُّكَ  وَلِذَٰلِكَ خَلَقَهُمْ  وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَةُ رَبِّكَ لَأَمْلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ

And if your Lord had so willed, He could surely have made mankind one Ummah [nation or community (following one religion only i.e. Islam)], but they will not cease to disagree, Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of truth – Islamic Monotheism) and for that did He create them. And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled (i.e. His Saying): “Surely, I shall fill Hell with jinns and men all together.”

(9:69) :

كَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ كَانُوا أَشَدَّ مِنكُمْ قُوَّةً وَأَكْثَرَ أَمْوَالًا وَأَوْلَادًا فَاسْتَمْتَعُوا بِخَلَاقِهِمْ فَاسْتَمْتَعْتُم بِخَلَاقِكُمْ كَمَا اسْتَمْتَعَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُم بِخَلَاقِهِمْ وَخُضْتُمْ كَالَّذِي خَاضُوا  أُولَـٰئِكَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ  وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

Like those before you, they were mightier than you in power, and more abundant in wealth and children. They had enjoyed their portion awhile, so enjoy your portion awhile as those before you enjoyed their portion awhile; and you indulged in play and pastime (and in telling lies against Allah and His Messenger Muhammad SAW) as they indulged in play and pastime. Such are they whose deeds are in vain in this world and in the Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.

 

~~~ End of Dars ~~~

Alhamdulillaah wassalaatu wassalaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillaah,  Should anyone notice a mistake in the notes, kindly mention it in the comment section below.

Notes transcribed by – Zaiba binth Shuraiz Jawward Hashim

SCREEN SHOT >>>

Creed 8.1

Creed 8.2

Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 7

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

 NOTES >>>

So far we have taken the introduction, the muqadamah, and so far this introduction, the two verses we have taken so far point out that the words of our rightly guided predecessors are brief in wording and deep in meaning and it is unlike the late ages.  In these late ages (after the first four hundreds/three hundreds) there is plenty of speech and very little meaning.

So he who ponders on the old books finds it very easy to understand and very straight to the point and has no confusion, philosophy or any talk that is useless in it.

Our Teacher advised us that if there is any translation that we read Ibnu Rajab Al Hanbali’s book which is Fadhlu I’lmis Salaf A’lal Khalaf فضل علم السلف على الخلف   and it is (The Superiority Of The Predecessors Words Over The Ones Who Have Come After Them) and he was of the 8th century.

What is the word “salaf?”

This word was abused a lot in those days because of the misuse of it by many people.

Salaf is a word given to anything that has come before or preceded you.

Allah says in (43:56) :

 فَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ سَلَفًا وَمَثَلًا لِّلْآخِرِينَ

And We made them a precedent (as a lesson for those coming after them), and an example to later generations. (56)

Allah also says in (4:22):

وَلَا تَنكِحُوا مَا نَكَحَ آبَاؤُكُم مِّنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَمَقْتًا وَسَاءَ سَبِيلًا

And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already passed; indeed it was shameful and most hateful, and an evil way. (22)

It was Proven in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree that the Prophet (Sallahu A’layhi Wassalam) said to his daughter Fatima (Radhiya Allahu A’nhaa) :

نِعْمِ السَّلَف اَنَا لَكِي

I am the best preceding example to you

The word Salaf is a correct word/term and it was used by all of the scholars after and even the deviated Scholars.  This term (Salaf) was given a technical term/meaning, so there are two meanings to this word. There is a linguistic meaning and a technical meaning.

THE LINGUISTIC MEANING – It is anything that has come before/preceded whether it is an  object, a meaning or anything.

THE TECHNICAL MEANING – It is the three generations starting from the Prophet’s -sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam.

–         Who are the companions – Sahaba (صحابة )

–         Their follower – At’tabi’oon (التابعون)

–         Their Followers –  Thabi’oo At T’abi’een. (التابوا التابعين)

And the proof for the above is mentioned in a hadeeth : The prophet (Sallahu A’layhi Wassalam) said : “The best people are those of my time then those after them then those after them.” (خَيْرُ النَّاسِ قَرْنِي , ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ)

Scholars also said that the word Salaf is used technically for all the scholars which have passed away but this is  mostly used to express the first three generations.

Un bruef, This word (Salaf) technically is mostly used for the first three generations and some scholars broaden the circle and sometimes want to include some people who came after.

In (9:100) Allah says:

وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success. (100)

–         In this verse Allah ordered us to follow them in their way and He (Subhanahu wataa’la) is fully pleased with those who follow them exactly as to what is apparent with the word Ihsaan.

–         As’Saabiqoon are the foremost to enter Islam.

–         Muhajireen are those who have migrated from Makkah to Medina

–         The ansar are those who were in medinah and the ones who received the muhajiroon

–         Both the Muhajiroon and the Ansar are the companions of the prophet.

Our main point in the above verse is Allah’s saying –  وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ and the word Ithhaba’a (اتَّبَعَ) is on the scale of Ifta’ala (اِفتَعَلَ) and this we would learn in sarf Inshallah.

The word اتَّبَعُوهُم means they followed them.(the companions)

The word بِإِحْسَانٍ means with Ihsaan {the ba here gives the meaning of accompanying}

بِإِحْسَانٍ means اِتْقَان

Ihsaan is taken from the word اَحْسَنَ and this is from بَاب الإِفْعَالا  which we have already taken   أَفْعَلَ,يُفْعِلُ,إِفْعَالاً

So it is أَحْسَنَ , يُحْسِنُ , إِحْسَانا

So here Allah is pleased with those who have followed the companions exactly.

The three sources of evidence are:

–         The Qur’aan

–         The Sunnah

–         The Companions (Ijmaa’ah) because they are the ones who have understood the religion correctly. So this is the best way of following the religion.

Benefit

So if you want the right way, in following the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Prophet Salallaahu ‘alayhi wasalam and you are wondering who to follow in those who are differing in Islaam. Then this is your answer, only in this verse, if you think carefully about this verse and put your mind to it – ask yourself this question; What does Ihsaan mean? What does radiallaahu ‘anhu mean?  Allaah is telling you the answer right here: If you follow the Companions of the Prophet salallaahu alayhi wasalam exactly then Allaah will be pleased with you and Allaah has prepared for you heavens in which rivers flow and that is the most success. Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’ala also announced this in other verses as well.  Just to remind you of the verse in Surah an-Nisaa’, Ayah 115:   Allaah says:

وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ  وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا

And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad ) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination. (115)

In opposition it means that we shouldn’t oppose the Messenger and and should follow the way of the believers.   Allah says that if we do two things we will be exposed to the hell fire, what is it?

  1. Oppose the Messenger.
  2. Choose other than the way of the believers.

According to this verse, if we want to be saved from the hellfire, then we should follow the Messenger AND with that there is something else – as everyone states he follows the messenger and gives the interpretation that he desires or serves his purpose. But here to make the straight path clear, there is something else we should do to make the straight path clear which is following the way of the believers.

Who are the believers?

The verse was revealed at the time of the companions so they are those who we have to follow and it is an announcement to those who do not follow them. This alone is a merit to them, which has been sent down as a verse in their own time.

Imagine if Allaah sent down a verse praising you and announcing that whoever does not follow you is not rightly guided! So this verse is an announcement, that whoever does not follow them: those who are following the prophet salallaahu alayhi wasalam, those whom Allaah has chosen to take directly from the prophet salallaahu alayhi wasalam. Those whom Allaah has chosen to convey the religion which the Messenger has conveyed to the -for the people after them. Those are the people of the correct understanding of the religion. All their understanding has been written and recorded and has been kept safe until today and have been saved n the hearts of scholars until today. The scholars were teaching their way from the very beginning until this time and until Allaah subhaana wa ta’ala chooses and wills.  So if we want to know the right way from the wrong way, we ask ourselves three questions:

  1. Where is the proof from the Quran?
  2. Where is the proof from the Sunnah?
  3. Where is the proof of the companions and those who followed them?

Other than (those three) above should not be followed.

~~~ End of Dars ~~~

Alhamdulillaah wassalaatu wassalaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillaah,  Should anyone notice a mistake in the notes, kindly mention it in the comment section below.

Notes transcribed by – Zaiba binth Shuraiz Jawward Hashim

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Creed 7.1

Establishing the Principles(B) – Creed – Book 1 – Class 1

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

  Below are the screen shots –  Inshaa’Allaah summarized Notes will follow:

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Establishing the Principles: Creed – Book 1- Class 6

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our teacher began with praising Allaah and sending salaat and salaam on the Messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and followers until the Last Day and began:

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A couple of beneficial points of the previous class:

  • The author when he ordered us to do something he forbid us to do the opposite and this is just as Allaah سبحانه وتعالى  does in the Quraan by ordering us to do something He follows that up with the forbidding of doing the opposite, like in [4:36] [3:103] and many other verses
  • Al-Bid’ah  linguistically means: something new , and in the Islamic understanding it means: Something new in Religion
  • The scholars mentioned that Innovations are of two types:

1)      Innovations that concern Belief

2)      Innovations that concern Practice

  • An example of innovation in Practice is, Praying Salaatul Maghreb with four raka’aat
  • لعلَّكَ تُفلِحُ  means: That you may be successful- Allaah said that whoever follows that what He has revealed down will be successful, and this is taken from [2:2-5] and the two rulings which are mentioned are that they are Upon Guidance and Successfulness
  • The opposite of Guidance  هُدى is Misguidance/astray ضَلالة
  • And the opposite of Success فلاح is Loss خُسرَان
  • The one who doesn’t follow the Kitaab and Sunnah is both Astray and In Loss
  • The one who is not Upon the Quraan and Sunnah has to be upon a Bid’ah, and that’s why the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلّم said:’Every innovation is misguidance’    كُلّ بِدعَة ضَلاَلَة, because the innovations are not what Allaah  has revealed and Allaah said that we will only be guided if we follow what He has revealed so that means that whoever does not follow what He has revealed will be misguided, and that misguidance is every innovation
  • A great benefit in Balaaghah of using a word of pointing to something far or close,  like in Allaah’s saying: ذَلِكَ الكِتَابُ لاَ رَيبَ فِيه   – And this is to raise and honor His Book

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وَدِن بِكِتَابِ اللهِ وَ السُّنَنِ التِي # أَتَت عَن رَسُولِ اللهِ تَنجُو وَتَربَحُ

And worship by Allaah’s Book and the Sunnah which # have come from the Messenger of Allaah, you will be saved and you will be profitable 
  • دِنْ is a command, and it is taken from دَانَ, يَدِينُ  – The alif in ‘daana’ is original, because it is turned from an original letter which is the ‘yaa’ (and that whatever is turned from an original that letter is an original). To know why it was originally a yaa and not a waaw, is by looking to its Mudaari’(present verb) in this case يَدِينُ  , here you can see that its ‘ayn is a yaa which means that the yaa is the original letter of the alif in ‘daana.’
  • دَانَ  has many meanings, it means here: worhsip, and take as a ritual, and a religion
  • ‘Worship by Allaah’s book’,  worship using Allaah by seeking and following His Book and the Hadeeth
  • كِتَابِ الله means: The Book of Allaah
  • The way to worship Allaah is by following His Book and the Sunnah and whatever branched out from the Quraan and Sunnah  and nothing else-  as for example: we find in the Quraan that Allaah orders us to pray, so we will pray based upon what we found in the Book of Allaah- And from the Sunnah brushing our teeth with a siwaak, you take that as an act of worship according to what is found in the Sunnah
  • That what branched out from the Kitaab and Sunnah for example is Al-Ijmaa’  ‘الإجماع’ the Unanimous Agreement
  • This verse is just like the verse mentioned before it only it has an extra clarification- In the first verse it was an order to hold on to the Rope of Allaah, and in the second verse he is being more specific and more detailed. It is like saying: hold on to the Book of Allaah and Act Upon it- Holding on to it is acting upon it

السُّنَن  is the plural of سُنَّة , and what is meant here are three things in general:

1)      The sayings

2)      The actions

3)      And the approvals, Of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلّم

  • They made it plural in the sense of those three types mentioned above
  • سُنَّة  linguistically means: A way (any way) , but in the verse it is the way of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم which includes his sayings, actions and approvals
  • Example of His sayings, like in the hadeeth where the prophet said: Whoever beliefs in Allaah and the day of judgment let him be hospitable to his guests.  مَن كَانَ يُؤمِنُ بِاللهِ وَاليومِ الآخِرِ فليكرم ضَيفهHis actions, like when one of the shahaabah says that he saw that thee prophet did so and so (like for example cleaning his teeth with assiwaak, so here it is an action of him and not a saying or an approval)- His approval, is when a companion does something and he keeps silent about it (which is considered as an opproval) – as when a companion rose from the rukoo’ and said ربنا ولك الحمد حمدا كثيرا طيبا مباركا فيه ، ملء السماوات والأرض ، وملء ما شئت من شيء بعد  ‘rabbanaa walaka lhamdu, hamdan katheeran tayyiban mubaarakan feeh, mil-ussamawaati walardi wamil-u maa shi-ta min shay-in ba’d’. The prophet did not forbid him to say that, which makes it an approval.
  • The author specified the Sunan by saying the following  التِي أَتَت عَن رَسُول اللهِ  which means: Which have come from the Messenger of Allaah , in the sense of authentication (which has been proven to be authenticated , no matter of what level it is, just as long it is not weak in the sense of it not being accepted)
  • أتَتْ  means: it came
  • Here it is as if he made the Sunan a person who did an action which is ‘the coming’ – so this is metaphorically speaking .
  • The author said ‘أتت’ and he didn’t say for example , ‘رُوِيَتْ’  (narrated) or ‘heard’- and when you say ‘أتت’ you are expressing certainty
  • He could have said ‘follow the Sunnah which has reach you’, but that is not enough- but when you add to it ‘from the Messenger of Allaah’, here it includes the condition of authentication

(to study the news and to see if the principles apply for this news to be accepted and to be considered authentic and proof that the Prophet said it. And the principle of authentication and deciding what is accepted and what is not can be found in a particular science which is called: مُصطًلًحُ الحَدِيث (Mustalahul hadeeth), and this is in shaa Allaah one of ustaadh’s study plans)

تَنجُو وتَربَحُ  is a conclusion to that what is mentioned before it

  • If you follow the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Prophet than two things will happen: تَنجُو (you will be saved)  and  تَربَحُ (you will be profitable) – The difference between the two is that when someone is saved it doesn’t  necessary mean that he won something, and winning is further than just being saved it is something extra-  Allaah  سبحانه وتعالى said:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَهَاجَرُوا وَجَاهَدُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً عِندَ اللَّـهِ  وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ – 9:20

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and emigrated and strove hard and fought in Allah’s Cause with their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allah. They are the successful.

In [23:1-10] Allaah said about the Mu-minoon in verse 10 that they are the inheritors , which means that they have won

And also in [6:15-16] Allaah said:

قُلْ إِنِّي أَخَافُ إِنْ عَصَيْتُ رَبِّي عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ ﴿١٥﴾ مَّن يُصْرَفْ عَنْهُ يَوْمَئِذٍ فَقَدْ رَحِمَهُ  وَذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْمُبِينُ

Say: “I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the torment of a Mighty Day.” Who is averted from (such a torment) on that Day, (Allah) has surely been Merciful to him. And that would be the obvious success.

  • الرِّبحُ is something over succes it is winning something- And the believers win Paradise and the best thing is that they will get to see the Face of Allaah
  • If you worship Allaah by the Quraan and the Sunnah you will be saved and gain much profit. As the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said in a hadeeth that the Jews will separate in 71 sects and the Christians will separate in 72 sects and the Ummah of the Prophet will separate in 73 sects and all of them will be in the hellfire except one, this hadeeth was narrated by At-Tirmidiyy

افترقت اليهود على إحدى وسبعين فرقة، وافترقت النصارى على اثنتين وسبعين فرقة، وستفترق هذه الأمة على ثلاث وسبعين فرقة، كلها في النار إلا واحدة، قيل: من هي يا رسول الله؟ قال: من كان على مثل ما أنا عليه اليوم وأصحابي وفي رواية: قيل فمن الناجية؟ قال: ما أنا عليه وأصحابي رواه جماعة من الأئمة.

  • ‘All of them will be in the hellfire’- means that all of them will be punished and it doesn’t mean that they will be forever in the hellfire- all of them are exposed to the hellfire, to be punished for whatever they have been deviated to
  • ‘Except one’ when the sahaabah heard that, they asked about which one it is, because they wanted to be of those people who will be saved from the hellfire.
  • From this perspective (this hadeeth) they have called the group (that one group which the Prophet spoke about) الفِرقَةُ النَّاجِية  (Al-Firqatun Naajiyah/The saved group). If we call them The saved Group, are we innovating? No, we only translating what the Prophet meant, and the people of knowledge agreed upon this (Ijmaa’). And that is why it is important to follow the Unanimous Agreement of the Scholars.
  • We can’t say that we can’t use the naming of Al-Muhaajiroon and Al-Ansaar, because Al-Muhaajiroon are the ones who have migrated from Mekka to Medinah (after that they were called like that)- And the ones who have received them where called Al-Ansaar, because they gave them victory/success.
  • The response of the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم to the sahaabah when they asked about the saved one (group) was مَن كَانَ عَلَى مِثلِ مَا أنَا عَليهِ اليوم وأصحَابي  ‘This saved sect are those who are upon what I am upon today and my companions’–  So not just the Prophet but also the Companions- and this is the Unanimous agreement that if the Companions agree upon something it is Obligatory to follow, because the Prophet said that this saved group is the one which is upon what he is upon and his companions. And that is because the way of the Prophet and the way of his companions is one way. They only took their way in Religion from the Prophet, he is their teacher/master, the one who taught them how to take the revelation and how to act upon it and how to properly understand it. And in another narration he said الجَمَاعَة ‘The group’ – And that is why the scholars unanimously agreed upon calling this saved group (guided group) أَهلُ السُّنَّة والجَمَاعَة ‘The group that is upon what the Prophet and his Companions are upon’ , and this because of those two narrations. They are the one who are following the Sunnah (the way of the Prophet). Giving those names to the Guided Group is not separating, this is targeting people who are upon the guidance and who of them are upon straying but think they are upon guidance.
  • الجماعة means: The group
  • According to the revelation the Prophet knew that there would be such a parting, so he gave the way out, by telling what the saved group is (the ones who follow him and his companions)

 ~~~End of Class~~~

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

Notes Transcribed by: Umm Sufyaan Al Maghribiyyah

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